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Jeffrey J. Martin, Laurie A. Malone, and James C. Hilyer

Research on elite female athletes with disabilities is extremely rare. Therefore, using the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (Cattell, Cattell, & Cattell, 1993) and Profile of Mood States (Droppleman, Lorr, & McNair, 1992), we examined differences between the top 12 athletes comprising the gold medal winning 2004 USA women’s Paralympic basketball team and 13 athletes attending the selection camp who did not make the team. Multivariate analysis of variance with follow-up tests revealed that athletes who made the Paralympic team scored higher on tough-mindedness (M = 5.7 vs. 4.3) and lower in anxiety (M = 5.6 vs. 7.8). For mood state, the Paralympians scored higher in vigor (M = 19.5 vs. 14.8) and lower in depressed mood (M = 3.9 vs. 6.7) and confusion (M = 5.5 vs. 7.5). The effect sizes were large (e.g., Cohen’s d = 0.91 - 1.69) for all five results.

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Charles A. Maher

Personality Questionnaire (16PF; Institute for Personality and Ability Testing, 2009 ) in order to gain insight into his personality traits and disposition. (I have a proprietary database of coaches and athletes based on the 16PF, to which his responses were compared.) In this domain, the coach also was

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Desmond McEwan, Bruno D. Zumbo, Mark A. Eys, and Mark R. Beauchamp

comparable with other instruments that measure multidimensional constructs such as Chelladurai and Saleh’s ( 1980 ) Leadership Scale for Sports, which consists of 40 items measuring five dimensions of leadership behavior, or Cattell’s 16PF test, which consists of 185 items measuring 16 dimensions of

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Yong Jae Ko, Yonghwan Chang, Wonseok Jang, Michael Sagas, and John Otto Spengler

), 366 – 380 . doi: 10.1177/0146167207311280 10.1037/0022-3514.34.3.366 Cohen , J. ( 1992 ). A power primer . Psychological Bulletin, 112 , 155 – 159 . PubMed doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.112.1.155 10.1037/0033-2909.112.1.155 Conn , S.R. , & Rieke , M.L. ( 1994 ). The 16PF fifth edition technical