The purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of parental involvement on the acquisition of object-control skills of preschool children who are at risk for developmental delay or academic failure. The experimental group (n = 15) participated in an 8-week motor skill intervention program consisting of two 45-min lessons per week delivered by the children’s parents. The control group (n = 12) participated in the regular motor skill program, which consisted of movement songs delivered by the parents. All children were pretested and posttested on the object-control subscale of the Test of Gross Motor Development (Ulrich, 1985). Both groups performed in the lower 20th percentile on the pretest. A 2 X 2 (Group X Test) ANOVA revealed that the experimental group improved significantly in the object-control subscale score from pretest to posttest, whereas the control group did not change. The results provide support for including parents in the instructional process of children who are at risk for developmental delay or academic failure.
Michelle Hamilton, Jacqueline Goodway and John Haubenstricker
Jacqueline D. Goodway and Mary E. Rudisill
This study examined the relationship between perceived physical competence and actual motor skill competence in African American preschool children at risk of school failure and/or developmental delay (N = 59). A secondary purpose was to determine gender differences and the accuracy of self-perceptions. All children completed a perceived physical competence subscale (Harter & Pike, 1984). Actual motor skill competence was measured by Ulrich’s (1985) Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD), resulting in three scores (locomotor, object-control, and TGMD-Total). Stepwise regression analysis revealed that locomotor competence (p = .99) and gender (p = .81) did not predict perceived physical competence, but object-control competence (p = .01) did significantly predict perceived physical competence. Adding gender to this regression model did not significantly predict perceived physical competence (p = .69). These findings showed that these children are not accurate at perceiving their physical competence.
Boys with Learning Disabilities Robbi Beyer * 10 1999 16 4 403 414 10.1123/apaq.16.4.403 Parent-Assisted Instruction in a Motor Skill Program for At-Risk Preschool Children Michelle Hamilton * Jacqueline Goodway * John Haubenstricker * 10 1999 16 4 415 426 10.1123/apaq.16.4.415 Books & Media
Xiangli Gu, Senlin Chen and Xiaoxia Zhang
.D. , & Haubenstricker , J. ( 1999 ). Parent-assisted instruction in a motor skill program for at-risk preschool children . Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 16 , 415 – 426 . doi:10.1123/apaq.16.4.415 10.1123/apaq.16.4.415 Holfelder , B. , & Schott , N. ( 2014 ). Relationship of fundamental movement
Viviene A. Temple, Dawn L. Lefebvre, Stephanie C. Field, Jeff R. Crane, Beverly Smith and Patti-Jean Naylor
, J. ( 1999 ). Parent-assisted instruction in a motor skill program for at-risk preschool children . Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 16 ( 4 ), 415 – 426 . doi:10.1123/apaq.16.4.415 10.1123/apaq.16.4.415 Hardy , L.L. , Kelly , B. , Chapman , K. , King , L. , & Farrell , L. ( 2010
Judith Jiménez-Díaz, Karla Chaves-Castro and Walter Salazar
-assisted instruction in a motor skill program for at-risk preschool children . Adapt Phys Act Q . 1999 ; 16 ( 4 ): 415 – 426 . *22. Hammond J , Jones V , Hill EL , Green D , Male I . An investigation of the impact of regular use of the Wii Fit to improve motor and psychosocial outcomes in children
Ali Brian, Laura Bostick, Angela Starrett, Aija Klavina, Sally Taunton Miedema, Adam Pennell, Alex Stribing, Emily Gilbert and Lauren J. Lieberman
.D. , & Haubenstricker , J. ( 1999 ). Parent-assisted instruction in a motor skill program for at-risk preschool children . Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 16 ( 4 ), 415 – 426 . doi:10.1123/apaq.16.4.415 10.1123/apaq.16.4.415 Hartman , E. , Houwen , S. , & Visscher , C. ( 2011 ). Motor skill