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Brandonn S. Harris and Jack C. Watson II

The utility of Deci and Ryan’s self-determination theory (1985) and Coakley’s unidimensional identity model (1992) has yet to be adequately assessed in understanding youth athlete burnout. This may be due to a lack of measures available to assess these relevant constructs in a youth athlete sample. Having such inventories would likely enhance practitioners’ ability to identify, prevent, and treat this phenomenon more effectively in young children. Therefore, the current study assessed the psychometric properties for modified burnout, motivation, and athletic identity inventories for a youth athlete sample. Participants included 88 youth swimmers ranging in age from 7 to 12 years, who completed measures assessing burnout, motivation, and athletic identity. Internal consistencies and exploratory factor analyses provided preliminary psychometric support for the use and continued evaluation of these revised measures with young athletes.

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Ralph Appleby, Paul Davis, Louise Davis, and Henrik Gustafsson

associated with competition, organizational demands, and interpersonal relationships ( Chan, Londsdale, & Fung, 2012 ; Lu et al., 2016 ). Although stress is widely acknowledged to be an inherent aspect of competitive sport, research indicates that chronic stress can lead to the development of burnout

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Peter Olusoga, Marte Bentzen, and Goran Kentta

Burnout is most often described as “an enduring experiential syndrome” ( Maslach & Jackson, 1986 ) with three central characteristics: emotional exhaustion (a feeling of being overwhelmed and emotionally depleted by work), depersonalisation (a cynical attitude towards, or withdrawal from, personal

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Jeffrey B. Ruser, Mariya A. Yukhymenko-Lescroart, Jenelle N. Gilbert, Wade Gilbert, and Stephanie D. Moore

gratitude and athlete burnout; the positive relationships with team, sport, and life satisfaction ( Chen & Kee, 2008 ; Gabana et al., 2017 ); and the decreased rates of burnout after systematically cultivating gratitude among athletes ( Gabana, Steinfeldt, Wong, Chung, & Svetina, 2019 ). The purpose of

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Daniel J. Madigan, Henrik Gustafsson, Andrew P. Hill, Kathleen T. Mellano, Christine E. Pacewicz, Thomas D. Raedeke, and Alan L. Smith

In the past 20 years, we have amassed a great deal of knowledge concerning the phenomenon of burnout in sport. This includes a growing understanding of the factors involved in its development, possible correlates, and its potential consequences (see Eklund & DeFreese, 2020 ; Gustafsson, DeFreese

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Luke F. Olsson, Michael C. Grugan, Joseph N. Martin, and Daniel J. Madigan

problematic in itself, the experience of chronic stress can lead to detrimental outcomes for athletes, such as burnout ( Smith, 1986 ). In acknowledging the negative consequences of burnout for athletes, many researchers have sought to determine what may underpin its development in sport (e.g.,  Larson et

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J.D. DeFreese and Alan L. Smith

Athlete burnout is a maladaptive psychological syndrome characterized by emotional and physical exhaustion (i.e., emotional/physical fatigue from sport demands), reduced sense of accomplishment (i.e., inefficacy and a tendency for negative sport-based self-evaluation), and sport devaluation (i

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Benjamin J.I. Schellenberg, Jérémie Verner-Filion, and Patrick Gaudreau

turn, feel accomplished and successful in their sport, that their sport is a valuable and important activity, and perhaps even physically and emotionally energized. Put differently, savoring may help athletes avoid experiencing burnout. Our aim in this research was to test if different forms of passion

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Kirsty Martin and Hee Jung Hong

The high-performance environment of top-level sport can be the perfect place for individuals to thrive and achieve their sporting potential. However, the increased pressure on performance may have the opposite effect. Athlete burnout has proven difficult to define but occurs when the demands placed

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Sebastian Altfeld, Paul Schaffran, Jens Kleinert, and Michael Kellmann

emotionally exhausted and burnt out. For instance, even prominent coaches like NFL Coach Bobby Ross ( Freeman, 2000 ) or former soccer coach Ralf Ragnick ( Bartens, Kielbassa, & Kneer, 2011 ) reported that they were unable to fulfil their coaching tasks due to burnout syndrome. In regards to the impact on