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Yoon Heo

By Travis R. Bell, Janelle Applequist, and Christian Dotson-Pierson. Published 2019 by Lexington Books , Lanham, MD. $90.00 . 182 pp. ISBN: 978-1-4985-7056-5 CTE, Media, and the NFL: Framing a Public Health Crisis as a Football Epidemic serves as an intriguing introduction to a mysterious

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Steven P. Broglio

Sport concussion has been thrust into the national spotlight with growing concern over both the acute and chronic risk for injury. While much has been learned and applied to medical practice in the previous decade, how the injury may affect individuals years later remains largely unknown. The opaqueness of the unknown has led some to ask if certain sports should be banned. Without immediate answers, what is currently known must be extrapolated and the risks and benefits of sport participation must be balanced.

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Tywan G. Martin, Jessica Wallace, Young Ik Suh, Kysha Harriell and Justin Tatman

in American football or other contact sports causes a neurodegenerative brain disease called chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). One such report revealed that from 2002 to 2009, 17 retired National Football League (NFL) players suffered from CTE, which is believed to be caused by repeated blows

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Roya Saffary, Lawrence S. Chin and Robert C. Cantu

Sports-related activities account for an estimated 10% of head and spinal cord injuries. In recent years, concussion in particular has garnered more interest in the medical field as well as the media. Reports of athletes suffering from long-term cognitive deficits and Parkinsonian symptoms have sparked concern in a disease process that has often been underestimated or ignored. As more reports surface, the desperate need for a better understanding of the neuropathology has been made clear. In addition to the concern for acute injury, long-term sequelae such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) are feared consequences of concussive injuries. Research studies have shown significant overlap in the neuropathology between CTE and chronic neurodegenerative processes such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In particular, tau protein deposition has been found to be present in both disease processes and may play an important part in the clinical findings observed. The present review discusses concussion and our current understanding of pathological findings that may underlie the clinical features associated with concussive injuries and resulting chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

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Shaun O’Leary, Carlijn Hoogma, Øystein Molland Solberg, Sara Sundberg, Ashley Pedler and Luke Van Wyk

) ratios derived between the 4 test directions using this dynamometry method (craniocervical extension [CCE], craniocervical flexion [CCF], cervicothoracic extension [CTE], and cervicothoracic flexion [CTF]) 29 may shed light on the uniformity of muscle impairments in neck disorders. Specifically, if the

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Jian Chen, Bruce Oddson and Heather C. Gilbert

concussions. The results of neuropsychological testing have indicated that cognitive deficits may linger long after symptoms have resolved. 15 – 18 Progressive changes in a concussed brain may lead to chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) that results in manifestation of symptoms years even decades after

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Emma S. Ariyo

professional athletes; and how the medical community, the public, and the National Football League are working together to address with the issue of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) and other trauma related to football head injuries. Overall, the book Great Expectations provides important insight into

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Nikolaus A. Dean

concussion and the degenerative brain disease, chronic traumatic encephalophathy (CTE) ( Gaetz, 2017 ). While there is still a lot unknown about CTE, what is known is that it is a progressive neurological disorder that is caused by repeated blows to the head, and can occur even when wearing a helmet. 11 CTE

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Kathryn L. Heinze and Di Lu

(CTE), a progressive degenerative brain disease associated with concussion: Mike Webster (2002), Justin Strzelczyk (2004), Terry Long (2005), Andre Waters (2006), and John Grimsley (2008). Two of these players—Long and Waters—committed suicide. The investigation of the deaths led to significant

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Tanya Prewitt-White, Christopher P. Connolly, Yuri Feito, Alexandra Bladek, Sarah Forsythe, Logan Hamel and Mary Ryan McChesney

opportunity to provide all relevant information. Data Analysis The procedures used in this study were consistent with Cⓞté, Salmela, Baria, and Russell ( 1993 ) guidelines for organizing and interpreting qualitative data. First, transcripts were read in their entirety by six investigators to get a whole sense