, medication, and formal caregiving). Third, research, to date, has focused primarily on Western populations. China is home to the largest older adult population in the world, and to our knowledge, only one study ( Zhang & Chaaban, 2013 ) has investigated the impact of physical inactivity on public health care
Qingru Xu and Andrew C. Billings
On June 23, 2017, at the World Tour Platinum China Open, a top-tier table tennis tournament, three Chinese athletes—the top-three-ranked male table tennis players in the world—withdrew from their second-round singles matches to protest the sudden removal of Head Coach Liu Guoliang. The three
Bo Li, Olan K.M. Scott, Stirling Sharpe, Qingru Xu and Michael Naraine
between two Olympians was portrayed by media in Australia and China. During the 2016 Rio Olympic Games, the conflict between two swimmers, Australia’s Mack Horton and China’s Sun Yang, attracted global media attention. The conflict between the two swimmers started on the first day of swimming competition
Nicholas M. Watanabe, Grace Yan, Brian P. Soebbing and Wantong Fu
pollution and attendance at soccer matches in China’s Chinese Super League (CSL), where deteriorating air quality in recent years presents everyday challenges for urban activities ( Ebenstein, Fan, Greenstone, He, & Zhou, 2017 ). In places like Beijing, for example, the average daily air pollution between
Chunxiao Li, Lijuan Wang, Martin E. Block, Raymond K.W. Sum and Yandan Wu
For many years now, there has been a clear international trend toward moving students with disabilities from segregated, special schools to inclusive, general education schools. This trend can be seen in general physical education (GPE) classes in places such as China ( Chen, Lau, & Jin, 2006
Xiaofen D. Keating, Jingwen Liu, Xiaolu Liu, Jeff Colburn, Jianmin Guan and Ke Zhou
above studies employed qualitative research methods. With respect to quantitative research on the topic, there was only one scale validation study conducted by Fan et al. ( 2018 ) in China. It is critical to note, however, that there are fewer robust data concerning factors influencing PPETs’ beliefs
Zhengjia Liu and Dan Berkowitz
Social media have changed the way that social actors participate in sports events. “Prosumers” are able to directly offer different interpretations without journalists’ mediation when a social issue arises. However, social media do not fundamentally change the significance of cultural narratives in communication. This study focuses on discussions initiated by a commercial feed on a Chinese microblogging site during the 2012 London Olympic Games. Qualitative textual analysis was conducted. The study found that enduring cultural narratives create the predrafts of social-media communication; the instantaneity of microblogging referred to not simply its physical appearance but also the meaning of that appearance. In addition, social-media texts illustrate a society’s ongoing stories. Going beyond the limitations of previous control-vs.-freedom paradigms, this study explores a Chinese consumer society that is more dynamic and complex than previous studies would suggest.
attributes of youthful age identities generalize to Chinese older adults. To our knowledge, the longitudinal effect of age identity on physical functioning has not been investigated yet in previous research in general and in the very few studies examining age identity among Chinese older adults in particular
The 1980s and 1990s witnessed the emergence of disability sport in China and a flurry of state-sanctioned propaganda on Chinese disabled people competing in national and international sporting events. This phenomenon and the discourses surrounding it warrant further inquiry. This paper analyzes a selection of state propaganda with a view to understanding dominant state constructions of disability and sport in contemporary China. This is done with reference to recent disability policy and legislation in China, the emergence of Western-style sport in China and the historical development of state discourses of body, nation, and sport.
Ang Chen and Xinlan Liu
The expectancy-value motivation theory postulates that motivation can be achieved when perceived values in an activity override perceived cost of the activity derived from the effort of achieving. This study was designed to examine types of perceived cost in physical education and the extent to which the cost might affect motivation. Data about attainment, intrinsic, and utility values in physical education were collected using surveys from college students (n = 368) in China. Perceived cost was investigated through open-ended written responses and interviews. Disappointment about the curriculum emerged as a major cost to motivation and lack of student autonomy was identified as a direct demotivating factor. Despite the cost, most of the students (92%) indicated they would, if given a choice, elect to continue physical education for health benefits and broader motivational impact in life, suggesting that strong positive values of physical activity might override the impact of cost. The findings suggest the importance of emphasizing positive values of physical activity in physical education.