Edited By Erin Elizabeth Redihan. Published in 2017 by McFarland & Co. (271 pp., $35.00 , paperback) A growing body of scholarship exists on sports and the Cold War. Among the more recent entrants to this literature is Erin Elizabeth Redihan’s The Olympics and the Cold War 1948-1968: Sport as
Erin E. Redihan
drew perhaps as much attention as events in the snow. This is nothing new, as politics at times threatened to overshadow the athletics during various Olympiads throughout the Cold War. Both the Soviet and American governments viewed the Games as one of many proxy battlegrounds in the war for cultural
-school boys’ group bayonet drills. In short, no sports activities were free from political intention in Korea until the end of World War II. The order of the Cold War began to be organized after the end of World War II. It regulated, restricted, managed, and forced not only the people of the newly established
Kristi A. Allain
The paper argues that the Canadian media’s representations of National Hockey League (NHL) player Alexander Ovechkin work to locate Canadian national identity through its contrasts with the hockey superstar. Even though the press celebrates Ovechkin as a challenge to Cold War understandings of Soviet hockey players as lacking passion and heart as well as physical play, they also present Ovechkin as a ‘dirty’ hockey player who is wild and out of control. By assessing reports from two Canadian national newspapers, the Globe and Mail and the National Post, from 2009 to 2012, and comparing these documents to reports on two Cold War hockey contests, the 1972 Summit Series and the 1987 World Junior Hockey Championships, this article demonstrates how the Canadian media’s paradoxical representations of Ovechkin break with and rearticulate Cold War understandings of Russian/Soviet athletes. Furthermore, when the press characterizes Ovechkin and other Russian hockey players as wild, unpredictable and out-of-control, they produce Canadian players as polite, disciplined and well-mannered. Through these opposing representations, the media helps to locate Canadian national hockey identity within a frame of appropriate masculine expression.
The United States is struggling to hold its own in international competitions. The Amateur Sports Act mandates that the USOC and its NGBs should build American sport performances by fostering sport participation throughout the country, and by enabling sport research. However, data from the past 16 years of sport participation demonstrate that participation is declining in many of our key sports, while others show inconsistent or merely ephemeral growth. Further, sport research is no longer pursued by the USOC, and it is not funded by any U.S. government agency or private American foundation. Consequently, the American sporting culture is eroding, and the United States is becoming a client nation when it comes to sport research. A review of the formation of The Amateur Sports Act shows that it was formulated to address Cold War concerns. Consequently, the Act failed to consider sport development, as the Act’s primary purpose was to engender a rationalized private sport system through which to build teams that could beat communist athletes. A reassessment of The Amateur Sports Act in light of contemporary conditions, suggests that greater attention to participation and research are necessary, but that such attention will require establishment of a foundation to nurture sport participation and to fund sport research. The foundation’s mandate would include creation of clubs and leagues to enable year round and lifelong sport participation, enhancement of the availability of sport facilities for club and league use, guidance for grassroots development of sport, and establishment of clear pathways for athletes. The template for such a foundation was created in the 1960s but never implemented. The time is ripe for it to be implemented now either by incorporating its mandates into the new Foundation for Fitness, Sport, and Nutrition, or by establishing a foundation that specifically targets sport development.
Samuel M. Clevenger
early hunter-gatherer societies, the impact of the Neolithic revolution on human activity and health, as well as more traditional sport history contexts such as the centrality of sport, Olympic Games, and modern science in the international politics of the Cold War. The authors cover in detail topics