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Ruben J. Echemendia

Sports-related concussions are ubiquitous in contact and collision sports at all levels of play and across a broad age range. Once thought to be a nuisance injury, it is now recognized that these brain injuries may lead to chronic neurocognitive impairment if not managed properly. This paper provides a broad overview of the research and clinical data that have emerged in this rapidly growing area. Included in the review are discussions of injury definition, pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, epidemiology, potential long-term consequences, assessment, and psychological factors. Issues of prevention and education are discussed in light of further increasing awareness of this injury.

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Emily Kroshus, Sara P.D. Chrisman, Jeffrey J. Milroy, and Christine M. Baugh

potentially long-term morbidity associated with repeated mild brain trauma ( Fidan et al., 2016 ), concussions from sport are increasingly recognized as a public health threat to adolescent populations. One important approach to risk reduction is secondary prevention: ensuring that injured athletes are

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Jian Chen, Bruce Oddson, and Heather C. Gilbert

Studies on concussion have largely focused on cognitive and neurological changes of concussed individuals; although these changes have been well documented, 1 – 4 difference in preseason baseline symptoms with uninjured athletes and effect of repeat concussions on symptoms have not been clearly

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Kevin M. Guskiewicz and Samuel R. Walton

past decade there have been rising concerns regarding the long-term risks of sport concussions. To this end, a quick PubMed search of “concussion” reveals a stark increase in peer-reviewed literature about this topic, from approximately 100 articles per year throughout the 1990s up to over 1

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Michael W. Kirkwood, David R. Howell, Brian L. Brooks, Julie C. Wilson, and William P. Meehan III

underlying physiology and pathology. 5 At its most extreme, the phenomenon can be seen in cases of so-called “voodoo death,” in which somebody is told they are cursed and will die and then actually dies. 6 Nocebo and Pediatric Concussion Concussion, a brain injury at the mild end of the TBI spectrum, is

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Tracey Covassin, Kyle M. Petit, and Morgan Anderson

Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a public health concern that has received increased research attention over the past decade. This paper is a review of recent literature on SRCs in youth athletes age 5–18 years. We focus on six key areas: concussion overview (e.g., definition, signs

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Ryan Thomson, Danielle Carabello, Jamie Mansell, and Anne Russ

Clinical Scenario Concussive injuries are common in professional football, as 645 concussions were diagnosed during in the National Football League (NFL) from 2012–2015, 1 for an incidence rate of 0.66 concussions per game. 2 Furthermore, most NFL players report at least one concussion during

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Scott L. Bruce and Kyra Dorney

Key Points ▸ Posturing involves multiple presentations following a blow causing a loss of consciousness. ▸ Loss of consciousness has been reported in approximately 10% of all concussions in the football epidemiological evidence. ▸ In approximately one-third of the concussion videos that met our

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Natalie Cook and Tamerah N. Hunt

Clinical Scenario Concussion has been deemed an epidemic by the Centers for Disease Control with potential costly medical care and long-term consequences. Due to potential risks associated with not reporting a concussion, legislation involving adolescents and concussion has been passed in all 50

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Danielle M. Dobney, Scott G. Thomas, Tim Taha, and Michelle Keightley

There is an increasing emphasis on best practices for sport concussion assessment and management. One common approach is the use of baseline testing, which remains an important method because of the lack of an objective test to accurately diagnose concussion. 1 Failure to make early and rapid