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Llion A. Roberts, Johnpaul Caia, Lachlan P. James, Tannath J. Scott and Vincent G. Kelly

counterpulsation (ECP). The ECP involves the rapid distal to proximal electrocardiogram (ECG)-synchronized inflation of cuffs that surround the calves, thighs, and buttocks to supra-systolic pressures of up to 300 mm Hg during diastole and simultaneous cuff deflation during systole. Numerous patient populations

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Suzanna Russell, Angus G. Evans, David G. Jenkins and Vincent G. Kelly

the importance of optimizing and accelerating the recovery process. This demand has catalyzed the use of various different methods including cold- and contrast-water immersion, pneumatic compression, and compression garments to improve recovery. 2 External counterpulsation therapy (ECP) uses

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Stefan Altmann, Steffen Ringhof, Benedikt Becker, Alexander Woll and Rainer Neumann

. This causes measurement errors (MEs), as researchers and coaches usually seek to capture the athlete’s torso during sprint testing. 2 To improve measurement accuracy, systems employing error correction processing (ECP) algorithms—termed “postprocessing timing” in the previous research 1 —have been

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Jae-Keun Oh, Young-Oh Shin, Jin-Ho Yoon, Seong Ho Kim, Hyeon-Cheol Shin and Hye Jeong Hwang

Ecklonia cava polyphenol (ECP) is a potent antioxidant and procirculatory agent that may contribute to improvement of endurance performance during highly intense exercise. This study evaluated the acute effect of an ECP-supplemented drink against a placebo on maximum endurance capacity and related physiological parameters. Twenty men 18–23 yr old volunteered as participants. Each performed 2 randomized trials with a 1-week interval between them. One trial was with ECP and the other with a placebo drink. Participants in this randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover design ingested either a placebo or ECP drink 30 min before each exercise trial. Time to exhaustion, VO2max, and postexercise blood glucose and lactate levels were evaluated. ECP supplementation increased time to exhaustion (2.39 min) compared with placebo. This result was accompanied by a 6.5% higher mean VO2max in the ECP group, although the difference was not statistically significant. The blood glucose level in the ECP group at 3 min after exhaustive exercise was significantly higher than that of the placebo group (+ 9.9%). The postexercise blood lactate levels in the ECP group showed a decreasing trend compared with placebo, but it was nonsignificant. This study was not able to determine any physiological mechanisms behind the improved endurance performance, but, based on these results, it is speculated that the ECP supplementation may have contributed to enhanced oxidation of glucose and less production of lactate during intense exercise, possibly by its free-radical-scavenging and procirculatory activities. However, careful verification is required to elucidate the correct mechanism.

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Artur Direito, Joseph J. Murphy, Matthew Mclaughlin, Jacqueline Mair, Kelly Mackenzie, Masamitsu Kamada, Rachel Sutherland, Shannon Montgomery, Trevor Shilton and on behalf of the ISPAH Early Career Network

multiple stakeholders (eg, health agencies, local and national governments, nongovernmental agencies, city officials and planners, professional bodies, the media, academia, and civil society) 16 for successful implementation. Early career professionals (ECPs), including researchers, practitioners, and

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Chelsey Klimek, Christopher Ashbeck, Alexander J. Brook and Chris Durall

and identify associations between different demographics, gym utilization, and CrossFit injury. To examine PT, fitness, and injury rate and to identify injury risk factors in a light infantry brigade beginning a new PT program that incorporated elements of ECPs, including CrossFit training. To define

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Christina E. Miyawaki, Rebecca L. Mauldin and Carolyn R. Carman

have you known your eye care provider (ECP)? 3–10 years 25    Do you trust your ECP? 42   ECP’s prescription    If your ECP prescribed a medication, do you buy? 41    If your physician prescribed an exercise program, would you go? 38    If your ECP prescribed an exercise program, would you go? 38

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Tyler J. Noble and Robert F. Chapman

RA , Moran C , Wilson RH , Goodwin WH , Pitsiladis YP . Genetic influence on East African running success . Equine Comp Exerc Physiol . 2004 ; 1 : 273 – 280 . doi:10.1079/ECP200434 10.1079/ECP200434 14. Scott RA , Pitsiladis YP . Genotypes and distance running . Sports Med

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Catherine Mason and Matt Greig

Physiol . 2005 ; 2 : 71 – 76 . doi:10.1079/ECP200444 10.1079/ECP200444 22. van Beek FE , de Cocq P , Timmerman E , Muller M . Stirrup forces during horse riding: a comparison between sitting and rising trot . Vet J . 2012 ; 193 ( 1 ): 193 – 198 . PubMed ID: 22100209 doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2011