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Bradley J. Cardinal, Eugene A. Park, MooSong Kim and Marita K. Cardinal

Background:

This study provides an update on the amount and type of physical activity education occurring in medical education in the United States in 2013. It is the first study to do so since 2002.

Methods:

Applying content analysis methodology, we reviewed all accessible accredited doctor of medicine and doctor of osteopathic medicine institutions’ websites for physical activity education related coursework (N = 118 fully accessible; 69.41%).

Results:

The majority of institutions did not offer any physical activity education–related courses. When offered, they were rarely required. Courses addressing sports medicine and exercise physiology were offered more than courses in other content domains. Most courses were taught using a clinical approach. No differences were observed between MD and DO institutions, or between private and public institutions.

Conclusions:

More than one-half of the physicians trained in the United States in 2013 received no formal education in physical activity and may, therefore, be ill-prepared to assist their patients in a manner consistent with Healthy People 2020, the National Physical Activity Plan, or the Exercise is Medicine initiative. The Bipartisan Policy Center, American College of Sports Medicine, and the Alliance for a Healthier Generation called for a reversal of this situation on June 23, 2014.

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Teresa Liu-Ambrose and John R. Best

Cognitive decline is a common feature of aging. Physical activity is a modifiable lifestyle factor that has been identified as positively impacting cognitive health of older adults. Here, we review the current evidence from epidemiological (i.e., longitudinal cohort) and intervention studies on the role of physical activity and exercise in promoting cognitive health in older adults both with and without cognitive impairment. We highlight some of the potential underlying mechanisms and discuss some of the potential modifying factors, including exercise type and target population, by reviewing recent converging behavioral, neuroimaging, and biomarker evidence linking physical activity with cognitive health. We conclude with limitations and future directions for this rapidly expanding line of research.

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Peter W. Grandjean, Burritt W. Hess, Nicholas Schwedock, Jackson O. Griggs and Paul M. Gordon

Kinesiology programs are well positioned to create and develop partnerships within the university, with local health care providers, and with the community to integrate and enhance the activities of professional training, community service, public health outreach, and collaborative research. Partnerships with medical and health care organizations may be structured to fulfill accreditation standards and the objectives of the “Exercise is Medicine®” initiative to improve public health through primary prevention. Barriers of scale, location, time, human resources, and funding can be overcome so all stakeholder benefits are much greater than the costs.

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Pilar Lavielle Sotomayor, Gerardo Huitron Bravo, Analí López Fernández and Juan Talavera Piña

has long been considered, as reflected by initiatives in various countries. 10 – 12 The American College of Sports Medicine recently developed an initiative called “Exercise is Medicine.” The initiative includes building awareness that exercise is medicine, supporting physicians to be more effective

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://www.conbipe.com.br/local . May 29-June 2, 2018, Minneapolis, MN, USA The 65th annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine will be held in conjunction with the World Congress on Exercise is Medicine and the World Congress on the Basic Science of Muscle Hypertrophy and Atrophy, and take place in Minneapolis

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://www.sbm.org/meetings/ for more information. May 28 to June 1, 2019, Orlando, FL, USA The 66th annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) will be held in conjunction with the 10th World Congress on Exercise is Medicine and the World Congress on the Basic Science of Exercise, Circadian Rhythms and Sleep

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Barry Braun, Nancy I. Williams, Carol Ewing Garber and Matthew Hickey

required at each level. These internship experiences extend outside the university to community, clinical, and industry settings. The Exercise is Medicine initiative at Penn State has earned gold status from the American College of Sports Medicine and exists at multiple Penn State campuses in addition to

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Armand A. Buzzelli and Jason A. Draper

retirement-age person. As the U.S. population ages, the need for more effective and enjoyable physical activity interventions become an epidemiological necessity. The American Medical Association and the American College of Sports Medicine developed the “Exercise is Medicine” initiative in 2018 with an

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at Pacific University, Forest Grove, OR. For more details: http://www.socialjusticesep.com . May 28 to June 1, 2019, Orlando, FL, USA The 66th annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) will be held in conjunction with the 10th World Congress on Exercise Is Medicine and the

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Timothy A. Brusseau

want our students in these fields to promote physical activity and exercise, and shortages in health professionals ( Dixon, 2017 ) necessitate more students pursuing these programs. The physical inactivity pandemic ( Kohl et al., 2012 ) and the Exercise is Medicine ( Sallis, 2009 ) initiative are