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Carena Winters

of the earliest known references is Hippocrates’ famous quote “Walking is man’s best medicine,” which can be found in most introductory kinesiology or exercise science textbooks. Exercise is Medicine ® (EIM) is a global health initiative created in 2007 by Robert E. Sallis, MD during his role as

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Bradley J. Cardinal, Eugene A. Park, MooSong Kim, and Marita K. Cardinal

Background:

This study provides an update on the amount and type of physical activity education occurring in medical education in the United States in 2013. It is the first study to do so since 2002.

Methods:

Applying content analysis methodology, we reviewed all accessible accredited doctor of medicine and doctor of osteopathic medicine institutions’ websites for physical activity education related coursework (N = 118 fully accessible; 69.41%).

Results:

The majority of institutions did not offer any physical activity education–related courses. When offered, they were rarely required. Courses addressing sports medicine and exercise physiology were offered more than courses in other content domains. Most courses were taught using a clinical approach. No differences were observed between MD and DO institutions, or between private and public institutions.

Conclusions:

More than one-half of the physicians trained in the United States in 2013 received no formal education in physical activity and may, therefore, be ill-prepared to assist their patients in a manner consistent with Healthy People 2020, the National Physical Activity Plan, or the Exercise is Medicine initiative. The Bipartisan Policy Center, American College of Sports Medicine, and the Alliance for a Healthier Generation called for a reversal of this situation on June 23, 2014.

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Teresa Liu-Ambrose and John R. Best

Cognitive decline is a common feature of aging. Physical activity is a modifiable lifestyle factor that has been identified as positively impacting cognitive health of older adults. Here, we review the current evidence from epidemiological (i.e., longitudinal cohort) and intervention studies on the role of physical activity and exercise in promoting cognitive health in older adults both with and without cognitive impairment. We highlight some of the potential underlying mechanisms and discuss some of the potential modifying factors, including exercise type and target population, by reviewing recent converging behavioral, neuroimaging, and biomarker evidence linking physical activity with cognitive health. We conclude with limitations and future directions for this rapidly expanding line of research.

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Peter W. Grandjean, Burritt W. Hess, Nicholas Schwedock, Jackson O. Griggs, and Paul M. Gordon

Kinesiology programs are well positioned to create and develop partnerships within the university, with local health care providers, and with the community to integrate and enhance the activities of professional training, community service, public health outreach, and collaborative research. Partnerships with medical and health care organizations may be structured to fulfill accreditation standards and the objectives of the “Exercise is Medicine®” initiative to improve public health through primary prevention. Barriers of scale, location, time, human resources, and funding can be overcome so all stakeholder benefits are much greater than the costs.

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Mara Simon, Jihyeon Lee, Megen Evans, Sheldon Sucre, and Laura Azzarito

human movement and education research is crucial. Second, to shed light on subjugated knowledge, we argue for the need to expand on and move beyond the “exercise is medicine” mantra as a dominant, normative framing of kinesiology. Third, drawing from a socio-educational perspective, we propose

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Steven J. Elmer and Kelly B. Kamm

, especially rural communities where physical activity levels are often lower ( Whitfield et al., 2019 ), safe and healthy during the pandemic. To promote the importance of staying physically active, we leveraged our “Exercise is Medicine on Campus” team to launch a mass media campaign. Opportunities Our team

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Pilar Lavielle Sotomayor, Gerardo Huitron Bravo, Analí López Fernández, and Juan Talavera Piña

has long been considered, as reflected by initiatives in various countries. 10 – 12 The American College of Sports Medicine recently developed an initiative called “Exercise is Medicine.” The initiative includes building awareness that exercise is medicine, supporting physicians to be more effective

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Nancy I. Williams and Alan L. Smith

could facilitate this policy formation. Rounding out the focus on physical activity is the article by Winters ( 2020 ) on the key role that Exercise is Medicine on Campus ® programming provides for kinesiology scholars and exercise professionals to contribute research, educate students and surrounding

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://www.sbm.org/meetings/ for more information. May 28 to June 1, 2019, Orlando, FL, USA The 66th annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) will be held in conjunction with the 10th World Congress on Exercise is Medicine and the World Congress on the Basic Science of Exercise, Circadian Rhythms and Sleep

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://www.conbipe.com.br/local . May 29-June 2, 2018, Minneapolis, MN, USA The 65th annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine will be held in conjunction with the World Congress on Exercise is Medicine and the World Congress on the Basic Science of Muscle Hypertrophy and Atrophy, and take place in Minneapolis