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Mindfulness and Flow in Elite Athletes

Stuart Cathcart, Matt McGregor, and Emma Groundwater

Mindfulness has been found to be related to improved athletic performance and propensity to achieve flow states. The relationship between mindfulness and flow has only recently been examined in elite athletes. To build on this literature, we administered the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) and the Dispositional Flow Scale to 92 elite athletes. Psychometric analyses supported the validity of the FFMQ. Males scored higher than females on the FFMQ facet of Nonjudging of Inner Experience. Athletes from individual and pacing sports scored higher on the FFMQ facet of Observing than athletes from team-based and nonpacing sports. Correlations between mindfulness and flow were stronger in athletes from individual and pacing sports compared with team-based and nonpacing sports. Mindfulness correlated with different facets of flow in males compared with females. The results support the use of the five-facet mindfulness construct in elite athletes and suggest the relationship between mindfulness and flow possibly may vary by gender and sport type in this population.

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Metacognitions and Mindfulness in Athletes: An Investigation on the Determinants of Flow

Steven Love, Lee Kannis-Dymand, and Geoff P. Lovell

, and Wells ( 2015 ) found similar results, with a factor analysis on items of the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 ( Wells & Cartwright-Hatton, 2004 ) and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire ( Bohlmeijer, ten Klooster, Fledderus, Veehof, & Baer, 2011 ) revealed a “metacognitive” factor was

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“We React Less. We React Differently. We React Better”: A Case Study of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Olympic Referee Performance

Mattia Piffaretti and Benjamin Carr

category). The highest general score is 108 (very high anxiety and low self-confidence) and the lowest general score 27 (very low anxiety and high self-confidence). Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire The FFMQ was developed by Baer et al. ( 2006 ) to measure individual mindfulness. In this context, it

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Examining the Feasibility of a Mindfulness Flow Program for the Hong Kong Archers

Ka K. Lo, Mimi M.Y. Tse, Joanne W.Y. Chung, Queenie P.S. Law, and Fenghua Sun

feasibility of the MFP had to be completed within a week after they attended the last lesson of the MFP ( Kuyken et al., 2013 ). Figure 1 Overview of the procedure. FFMQ = Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire; CSAI-2 = Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2; SDFS = Short Dispositional Flow Scale; MFP

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“Be Mindful Even Though It Hurts”: A Single-Case Study Testing the Effects of a Mindfulness- and Acceptance-Based Intervention on Injured Athletes’ Mental Health

Karin Moesch, Andreas Ivarsson, and Urban Johnson

career (sport, career level), the injury (type and time of injury and surgery), and injury history (previous injuries, if any) were gathered. Mindfulness A Swedish translation of two scales from the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), developed by Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, and Toney

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Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement: Randomized Controlled Trial of a Mental Training Program With Collegiate Athletes

Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas, and Keith A. Kaufman

of ages and applications, the SWLS has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of satisfaction with life and subjective well-being ( Pavot, Diener, Colvin, & Sandvik, 1991 ). Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) Dispositional mindfulness on the 39-item FFMQ ( Baer, Smith, Hopkins

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Preservice Teachers’ Mindfulness and Attitudes Toward Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction

Chunxiao Li, Ngai Kiu Wong, Raymond K.W. Sum, and Chung Wah Yu

questions (i.e., age, gender, and year of study). Mindfulness The validated Chinese version of the 20-item Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006 ; Hou, Wong, Lo, Mak, & Ma, 2014 ) was used to measure participants’ dispositional mindfulness. The

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Effects of Mindfulness Practice on Performance and Factors Related to Performance in Long-Distance Running: A Systematic Review

Linda Corbally, Mick Wilkinson, and Melissa A. Fothergill

Compassion. FFMQ = Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire; KIMS = Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Scale; TMS = Toronto Mindfulness Scale; STAI = State Trait Anxiety Inventory; SAS = Sport Anxiety Scale; CSAI-2 = Competitive State Anxiety Inventory; CSCI = Carolina Sport Confidence Inventory; MPS

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Relationships Between Throwing Yips in Baseball, Experiential Avoidance, Cognitive Fusion, Values, and Social Factors

Kazuya Inoue, Tatsuto Yamada, and Tomu Ohtsuki

), AAQ-II ( r  = .67), Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire with Observation ( r  = −.25), and Cognitive Control Scale with Mitigation of Catastrophic Thinking ( r  = −.19). Values-Based Throwing We developed three simple items to assess whether baseball and the act of throwing a ball are based on values

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Measuring Physical Education Teacher Socialization With Respect to Comprehensive School Physical Activity Programming

Christopher Barton Merica, Cate A. Egan, Collin A. Webster, Diana Mindrila, Grace Goc Karp, David R. Paul, Hailey McKown, and Seth Rose

surveys: A step-by-step guide . Sage Publications . Fong , T.C. , Wan , A.H. , Wong , V.P. , & Ho , R.T. ( 2021 ). Psychometric properties of the Chinese version of Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire—short form in cancer patients: A Bayesian structural equation modeling approach . Health and