behavior characterized by an energy expenditure of ≤1.5 METs while in sitting or reclining posture ( Mansoubi et al., 2015 ). Physical inactivity and sedentary behavior are more prevalent among Hispanic children from families with low incomes ( Carson, Hunter, et al., 2016 ; Carson, Kuzik, et al., 2015
Xiangli Gu, Senlin Chen and Xiaoxia Zhang
Lindsey M. Russo, Megan W. Harvey, Penelope Pekow and Lisa Chasan-Taber
cesarean delivery are more likely to deliver subsequent pregnancies via cesarean delivery. 4 Rates of cesarean delivery in the United States increased from 20.7% in 1996 to a peak of 32.9% in 2009 but have recently stabilized among non-Hispanic white women at approximately 30.9%. 5 However, among
Tsz Lun (Alan) Chu, Tao Zhang, Katherine T. Thomas, Xiaoxia Zhang and Xiangli Gu
As one of the fastest-growing ethnic groups aged under 18 in the United States, Hispanic school-aged children represent 24.4% of the population and are estimated to increase to 33.5% by 2060 ( Colby & Ortman, 2015 ). According to recent national data ( Ogden et al., 2016 ), the obesity and extreme
Rodney P. Joseph, Kathryn E. Royse and Tanya J. Benitez
combination of moderate to vigorous PA [MVPA] equivalent to the previously mentioned recommendations). 5 Moreover, when examining the PA patterns of Americans by race and gender, African American (AA) and Hispanic women perform lower PA levels than white women and their male counterparts. For example, only
Timothy J. Bungum, Melva Thompson-Robinson, Sheniz Moonie and Monica A.F. Lounsbery
Health behaviors of minority populations, including Hispanics, are important from a public health perspective because this subpopulation is growing and health behaviors of this subgroup are understudied. Physical activity is a component of healthy lifestyles and Hispanics have been shown to be less active than are Caucasians. It will be necessary to know correlates of physical activity to enhance the physical activity of this group. Recently, the importance of environmental and cultural factors has been recognized as correlates of physical activity behavior. The purpose of this study was to identify environmental and cultural correlates of physical activity among Hispanic adults.
A 52-item telephone survey was employed to assess physical activity and its potential correlates.
The sample included 175 females and 156 males. Respondent ages ranged from 18 to 82 years (x = 38.39 ± 15.0). Approximately 20% of respondents were assigned to a “higher physical activity” group. Predictors of being in this group were having supportive environments, being acculturated, attending some college, and age.
Providing environmental supports may be an effective strategy to enhance physical activity levels of adult Hispanics. Older Hispanics, those with lower educational attainments and those of lower acculturation should be targeted for intervention.
Cheryl Der Ananian, Renae Smith-Ray, Brad Meacham, Amy Shah and Susan Hughes
( Yelin et al., 2007 ) and total national medical expenditures among U.S. adults with arthritis increased by 100 billion from 1997–2005 ( Cisternas et al., 2009 ). As the U.S. population ages, it will become more ethnically diverse. Hispanics are the fastest growing segment of the older adult population
Gregory Severino, Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez, Michelle Walters-Edwards, Michael Nordvall, Oksana Chernykh, Jason Adames and Alexei Wong
reported in Hispanics compared to other ethnic groups ( Fryar, Carroll, & Ogden, 2012 ), which in part are attributed to shared environmental risk factors including lower socio-economical status, diet composition, and genetics ( Florez et al., 2009 ; León-Mimila et al., 2013 ). The aforementioned factors
Luis Columna, Jean Pyfer, Terry Senne, Luisa Velez, Nancy Bridenthrall and Maria Yolanda Canabal
The purpose of this study was to identify the perspectives of Hispanic parents of children with disabilities regarding adapted physical education (APE) professionals in relationship to their child’s purposeful play and transition to school programming. Participants (N = 11) were Hispanic parents of children with disabilities. Parents participated in one-on-one interviews in their preferred language (Spanish or English). Transcripts were analyzed through a constant comparative analysis. Three themes emerged from the data: (a) qualified APE professionals, (b) challenges for the family, and (c) normalcy. These themes were supported by subthemes. The results indicated that Hispanic families were not as familiar with APE services as Caucasian families were. Parental expectations among Hispanic parents were similar to Caucasian parents, but the preference for modes of communication and information differed.
Marissa A. Kobayashi, Tae Kyoung Lee, Rafael O. Leite, Blanca Noriega Esquives, Guillermo Prado, Sarah E. Messiah and Sara M. St. George
Pediatric obesity in the United States has remained exceedingly high for well over a decade, 1 with ethnic minorities carrying a disproportionate burden of the epidemic compared with their non-Hispanic white counterparts. 2 In particular, Hispanic youth have the highest prevalence of obesity (25
Robert Fields, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Melissa Bopp and Elizabeth Fallon
Few studies of the built environment and physical activity or other health behaviors have examined minority populations specifically. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between the built environment and multiple health behaviors and outcomes among Hispanic adults.
Community partners distributed surveys (n = 189) in 3 communities in southwest Kansas. Logistic regression was used to examine relationships between neighborhood perceptions and 4 outcomes.
Meeting physical activity recommendations was associated with the presence of sidewalks and a safe park, and inversely related to higher crime. Residential density and shops nearby were related to active commuting. Sedentary behavior was inversely related to having a bus stop, bike facilities, safe park, interesting things to look at, and seeing people active. Finally, seeing people active was positively associated with being overweight.
This study suggests that among Hispanics, many built environment variables are related to health behaviors and should be targets for future neighborhood change efforts and research.