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Samuel López-Carril and Christos Anagnostopoulos

Selection The study draws on the PTSOs of La Liga (Spain), which is probably the most prominent soccer league in the world, along with the Premier League (England). Moreover, given the detrimental effects of COVID-19 in Spain, the authors assumed that the PTSOs would be likely to undertake and then

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Miguel A. López-Gajardo, Inmaculada González-Ponce, Tomás García-Calvo, Edgar Enrich-Alturo, and Francisco M. Leo

and social) to represent the athlete leadership quality. Study 2 Method Participants Data were collected from 12 youth teams, with a total of 268 male soccer players, from two professional clubs from the first division in Spain (i.e., La Liga). Players had an average age of 14.8 ( SD  = 1.74), ranging

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Sergio Jiménez-Rubio, Archit Navandar, Jesús Rivilla-García, Víctor Paredes-Hernández, and Miguel-Ángel Gómez-Ruano

and movements being recorded during training and in-competition matches. Participants Players from 2 male professional teams belonging to the Spanish professional football league (La Liga) were followed during the 2015–2016, 2016–2017, and 2017–2018 seasons, and those who satisfied the established

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Sergio Jiménez-Rubio, José Luis Estévez Rodríguez, and Archit Navandar

, longitudinal rehab and reconditioning program (RRP) following an adductor longus injury was designed, consisting of 20 items. This program was validated by a panel of experts anonymously and then applied to 12 male professional players of the Spanish First and Second Divisions ( La Liga Santander and La Liga

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Sergio Jiménez-Rubio, Archit Navandar, Jesús Rivilla-García, and Victor Paredes-Hernández

greater loads in recent years, for example, there were 25.27 (7.3) sprints per match registered in the 2013–2014 Spanish La Liga season, 23 compared with 17.3 (7.7) sprints per match registered in the 2002–2004 seasons. 24 Another possible cause cited in the literature is incomplete rehabilitation by

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Ibai Guridi Lopategui, Julen Castellano Paulis, and Ibon Echeazarra Escudero

. Methods Subjects A total of 22 semiprofessional football players competing in the third Spanish Division (age 20.8 [1.1] y, height 182.1 [4.9] cm, and body mass 74.3 [5.4] kg) from the same reserve team of a Spanish La Liga club took part in the study during the 2018–2019 in-season competition period (27

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Asier Los Arcos, Alberto Méndez-Villanueva, Javier Yanci, and Raúl Martínez-Santos


The aim of this study was to assess the respiratory and muscular session ratings of perceived exertion (PE) after official soccer matches over an extended period of time (ie, 2 competition seasons) in relation to playing time (>20, 20–45, 45–70, and >70 min) and to determine the between-matches variability of both scores in young professional soccer players.


Forty players belonging to the same reserve team of a Spanish La Liga club participated in this study. Respiratory and muscular PE were collected 10 min after every game. A total of 841 individual PE ratings were undertaken on outfield players.


The differences between match respiratory and muscular load differ depending on the playing time, the respiratory PE being greater for the players that competed less than 45 min (effect size = –0.45 ± 0.45 for the 20- to 45-min group) and the muscular PE greater for players that played more than 45 min (effect size = 0.23 ± 0.30, for the 45- to 70-min group). Match-to-match PE variability was considerable (CV = 14–54%) for all levels of participation, but it was lower the longer the players participated.


Playing time influenced the relative exertion that players’ respiratory and leg musculature were exposed to during a game, suggesting that differential PE scores might provide a more accurate evaluation of match-imposed internal load. However, the small-magnitude differences between respiratory and muscular session ratings of PE observed in the current study might question the practical relevance of assessing both scores.

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Lauren Burch, Matthew Zimmerman, and Beth Fielding Lloyd

also sport organizations’ business interests. Similar to noteworthy occurrences in other sport-related settings, political interests can intertwine with soccer clubs. Kassing’s case study on La Liga superpower FC Barcelona discusses how Barcelona’s “Mes que un club” (More than a club) motto affected

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Iñigo Mujika and Karim Chamari

(eg, England’s Premier League, Spain’s La Liga, Germany’s Bundesliga), and a congested match schedule will follow after the World Cup. This, of course, may have serious implications in terms of training periodization, risk of injury, and players’ physical and psychological well-being for the 2022

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Jeffrey W. Kassing

. On the first day of October that year, FCB took the unprecedented step of closing the largest stadium in Europe and played their regularly scheduled La Liga match against Union Deportivo Las Palmas in an empty stadium. This produced an unusual scene whereby only a handful of stewards and other club