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Rachel W. Thompson, Keith A. Kaufman, Lilian A. De Petrillo, Carol R. Glass and Diane B. Arnkoff

The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the long-term effects of mindful sport performance enhancement (MSPE), a program designed to improve athletic performance and psychological aspects of sport. One-year follow-up assessments were conducted on archers, golfers, and long-distance runners (N = 25) who attended Kaufman, Glass, and Arnkoff’s (2009) and De Petrillo, Kaufman, Glass, and Arnkoff’s (2009) MSPE workshops. Across the athlete groups, participants reported significant increases in the ability to act with awareness (an aspect of trait mindfulness) and overall trait mindfulness from pretest to follow-up, along with significant decreases in task-related worries and task-irrelevant thoughts (both aspects of cognitive interference during sport). The long-distance runners exhibited significant improvement in their mile times from pretest to follow-up, with significant correlations between change in runners’ performance and trait variables. Results suggest that MSPE is a promising intervention associated with long-term changes in trait variables that may contribute to optimal athletic performance.

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Jenna Hussey, Robert Weinberg and Arash Assar

to test the different attentional and anxiety theories or to examine the underlying mechanism in which perceived pressure influences the choking process; it was only to show that both attention and anxiety are key components I considered in choosing the intervention discussed herein (i.e., mindfulness

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Chih-Hsiang Yang and David E. Conroy

). These findings point to the need for preventive interventions to help older adults alleviate negative affect, improve well-being, and in turn sustain better mental and physical health. Engaging in regular physical activity and mindfulness practice have both been introduced as promising strategies to

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Kristen Lucas and E. Whitney G. Moore

Mindfulness-based interventions, such as the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program (MBSR), have shown mindfulness to be an effective intervention for treating psychological and physical symptoms of ill-being ( Gardner & Moore, 2012 ; Kabat-Zinn, 2003 ; Toneatto & Ngyuen, 2007 ). This

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Steven Love, Lee Kannis-Dymand and Geoff P. Lovell

, enables the unification of action and experience. The concept of mindfulness may play such a role in facilitating flow. This is because high levels of awareness, attentional control and autotelic predispositions are key psychological factors for experiencing flow, and such factors can be developed through

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Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas and Keith A. Kaufman

acceptance of unpleasant internal states ( Gardner & Moore, 2004 , 2007 ; Kaufman, Glass, & Arnkoff, 2009 ), which is a central tenet of mindfulness-based interventions. Mindfulness skills appear especially well-matched to sport performance enhancement. As Gordhamer ( 2014 ) contended, “The benefits of

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Karin Moesch, Andreas Ivarsson and Urban Johnson

mindfulness strategies) with the physical rehabilitation. Moesch et al. ( 2018 ) called for the development of treatment protocols for injured athletes to prevent clinical mental illness. A review supported the effectiveness of psychological interventions during rehabilitation of sport injury in reducing

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Linda Corbally, Mick Wilkinson and Melissa A. Fothergill

psychological technique that is gaining support and has been successfully implemented in sport is the practice of mindfulness ( Gardner & Moore, 2017 ). Mindfulness is defined as a structured mind set to being aware of the present-moment experience in an accepting, non-judging, and non-avoiding way ( Kabat

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Trevor Cote, Amy Baltzell and Robert Diehl

Over the past 2 decades, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in sport have grown from a niche approach to performance excellence into a “mainstream option for sport psychologists across the globe” ( Gardner, 2016 , p. 147). Such interest is based on growing empirical research supporting the

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Nicolas Robin, Lucette Toussaint, Stéphane Sinnapah, Olivier Hue and Guillaume R. Coudevylle

years old and <16% of those who are older are meeting these recommendations. Finding effective, simple, easy-to-perform, and innovative strategies (e.g., mental imagery or mindfulness) to encourage older adults to be more active is, therefore, an important public health concern ( Denison, Vist