The purpose of this study was to review a series of studies (n = 20) examining the effects of adding music to exercise programs in clinical populations and in the elderly. We found that the addition of music can (a) improve exercise capacity and increase patients’ motivation to participate in cardiac and pulmonary exercise rehabilitation programs; (b) lead to improved balance, greater ability to perform activities of daily living, and improved life satisfaction in elderly individuals; (c) enhance adherence and function of individuals suffering from neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s; and (d) sustain these benefits if continued on a long-term basis. Based on the reviewed studies, a number of methodological concerns were presented, among them the choice of music style. One of the practical implications suggested for clinicians and practitioners was that the type of music should be individualized based on each patient’s musical preferences.
Gal Ziv and Ronnie Lidor
Elizabeth L. Stegemöller, Joshua R. Tatz, Alison Warnecke, Paul Hibbing, Brandon Bates and Andrew Zaman
. These results provide an initial understanding of how various aspects of music impact movement. Continued research is needed to determine how these elements of music influence movement performance in persons with PD to better inform the use of music therapy. Acknowledgments This study was funded by the
Lindsey Brett, Victoria Traynor, Paul Stapley and Shahla Meedya
Adaptation Committee, 2016 ). Potential strategies to improve health and well-being of individuals living with dementia in nursing homes include music therapy, sensory interventions, group activities, dementia care mapping (implementation of person-centered care based on the social-psychological theory of
Kizzy Antualpa, Marcelo Saldanha Aoki and Alexandre Moreira
. Salivary sIgA and cortisol concentrations in response to music therapy in patients with cancer . Psychoneuroimmunology research society meeting , Galveston, Texas . 1999 ; 6 : 224 . 23. Hucklebridge F , Clow A , Evans P . The relationship between salivary secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol