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Justin A. Haegele, Carrie J. Aigner and Sean Healy

Data Source and Sample Data from the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) were utilized for this research. The 2016 NSCH includes a nationally representative, cross-sectional probability sample of noninstitutionalized youth aged 0–17 years in the United States. Data were collected from

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April Y. Oh, Erin Hennessy, Kate E. McSpadden and Frank M. Perna

Purpose:

This study examines the relationship between state laws for physical education and neighborhood amenities for physical activity on weight status in adolescents of low socioeconomic status.

Methods:

Data from 2 national data sources: Classification of Laws Associated with School Students (CLASS) and the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) were combined and analyzed.

Results:

Multinomial regression models found that adolescents in states with strong PE law were associated with a lower odds of being obese [OR = 0.63 (0.41, 0.97)]; however, when PE law and neighborhood amenities were included, only neighborhood amenities were associated with lower odds of obesity, but also greater odds of overweight status.

Conclusion:

This study emphasizes the potential significance of state laws on low SES groups to combat obesity; as well as the potential differential effects of local level factors, and alignment with policy goals for healthy weight.

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Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Kara D. Denstel, Kim Beals, Jordan Carlson, Scott E. Crouter, Thomas L. McKenzie, Russell R. Pate, Susan B. Sisson, Amanda E. Staiano, Heidi Stanish, Dianne S. Ward, Melicia Whitt-Glover and Carly Wright

. The data sources relied upon most heavily were national surveys and included the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH), the 2005-06, 2011-2012 and 2015-16 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), and the 2012 NHANES