–Oxley Act, and investigations by U.S. Senate subcommittees and the Securities and Exchange Commission ( Lease, 2006 ). The present study focused on the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and cases of organizational misconduct from 1953 to 2016 as a theoretical sample to examine evidence of
Khirey B. Walker, Chad S. Seifried and Brian P. Soebbing
Khirey B. Walker, Chad Seifried, Brian Soebbing and Kwame Agyemang
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) formally defines what behavior is designated as misconduct for member organizations and the public because it remains interested in “managing issues and crises” to achieve and maintain “stability, profitability, and popularity, as well as recovering from
Elizabeth A. Taylor, Jessica L. Siegele, Allison B. Smith and Robin Hardin
( Acosta & Carpenter, 2014 ; Zgonc, 2010 ). The reduction in percentages is primarily due to the absorption of members of the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the early 1980s ( Crowley, 2006 ). The NCAA began offering
Zachary Y. Kerr, Andrew E. Lincoln, Shane V. Caswell, David A. Klossner, Nina Walker and Thomas P. Dompier
Participation in women’s lacrosse in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has increased from 105 teams and 2648 student-athletes in the 1981–82 academic year to 470 teams and 10,994 student-athletes in the 2014–15 academic year. 1 In a previous analysis of injuries in women
Daniele Conte, Nicholas Kolb, Aaron T. Scanlan and Fabrizio Santolamazza
College basketball is played at various levels in the United States and is regulated by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). College basketball games are characterized by intermittent, high-intensity activities with frequent brief stoppages. 1 Moreover, games are played across a
Kelly S. Witte
The purpose of this study was to identify and compare coaching leadership preferences of 1,859 varsity student-athletes participating at the Division III level in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The athletes attended one of fourteen colleges and universities located in the Midwest. Teams were selected according to task dependence and the existence of both male and female squads. Three independent (individual) sports and three interdependent (team) sports were selected: men’s and women’s basketball, men’s and women’s soccer, men’s baseball and women’s softball, men’s and women’s swimming, men’s and women’s tennis, and men’s and women’s track & field. The Revised Leadership Scale for Sport (Zhang, Jensen, & Mann, 1997) was used to assess participants’ leadership preferences on the dimensions of training and instruction behavior, democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, social support behavior, positive feedback behavior, and situational consideration behavior. Females had a higher preference for positive feedback and situational consideration, whereas males expressed stronger preferences for social support and autocratic behavior. Individual sport athletes demonstrated a higher preference for democratic behavior, positive feedback, training and instruction, situational consideration, and social support than did team sport athletes and team sport athletes preferred autocratic behavior more than athletes participating in individual sports. The gender by task dependence interaction was not significant. These results suggest that differences in athletes and particular sports teams may facilitate specific leadership behaviors
Emily C. Borden, William J. Kraemer, Bryant J. Walrod, Emily M. Post, Lydia K. Caldwell, Matthew K. Beeler, William H. DuPont, John Paul Anders, Emily R. Martini, Jeff S. Volek and Carl M. Maresh
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in the state of hydration in elite National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I collegiate wrestlers during and after a season.
Ohio State University wrestling team members (N= 6; mean ± SD; age, 19.6±1.1 yrs.; height, 171.6±2.9 cm; body mass 69.5±8.1 kg) gave informed consent to participate in the investigation with measurements (i.e., body mass, urine specific gravity [2 methods] (USG), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) thirst scale, plasma osmolality) obtained during and after the season.
Measurements for USG, regardless of methods were not significantly different between visits but plasma osmolality was significantly (P =0.001) higher at the beginning of the season 295.5±4.9 mOsm ∙ kg-1 compared to 279.6±6.1 mOsm ∙ kg-1 after the season. No changes in thirst ratings were observed and the two measures of USG were highly correlated (r > 0.9, P=0.000) at each time point, but USG and plasma osmolality were not.
A paradox in the clinical interpretation of euhydration in the beginning of the season was observed with the USG indicating the wrestlers were properly hydrated while the plasma osmolality showed they were not. Thus, the tracking of hydration status during the season is a concern when using only NCAA policies and procedures. The wrestlers did return to normal euhydration levels after the season on both biomarkers which is remarkable, as prior studies have indicated this may not happen due to a re-regulation of the osmol-regulatory center of the brain.
Richard M. Southall, Mark S. Nagel, John M. Amis and Crystal Southall
As the United States’ largest intercollegiate athletic event, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I men’s basketball tournament consistently generates high television ratings and attracts higher levels of advertising spending than the Super Bowl or the World Series. Given the limited analysis of the organizational conditions that frame these broadcasts’ production, this study examines the impact of influential actors on the representation process. Using a mixed-method approach, this paper investigates production conditions and processes involved in producing a sample (n = 31) of NCAA Division I men’s basketball tournament broadcasts, examines the extent to which these broadcasts are consistent with the NCAA’s educational mission, and considers the dominant institutional logic that underpins their reproduction. In so doing, this analysis provides a critical examination of the 2006 NCAA Division I men’s basketball tournament broadcasts, and how such broadcasts constitute, and are constituted by, choices in television production structures and practices.
Joseph N. Cooper, Tiffany J. Davis and Shaun Dougherty
The purpose of this study was to examine the nature and quality of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) male student-athletes’ college experiences across race, sport, and divisional classifications. In recent years, the NCAA and its member institutions have faced intense scrutiny regarding the purpose of intercollegiate athletics within their educational missions. Additional concerns have been levied at the NCAA for persistent academic performance gaps along gender and racial lines across all divisions. However, limited research has engaged in multidivisional analyses of male student-athletes across racial groups and sport types. Using data from the 2006 NCAA GOALS study viewed through the lens of Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory, the current study examined differences in male student-athletes’ experiences across racial groups, type of sport involvement, and divisional classifications. Key findings indicated salient differences between the social experiences across divisional and sport type classifications as well as significant differences between the academic experiences of Black and non-Black male student-athletes. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.
Le but de cette étude était d’examiner la nature et la qualité des expériences scolaires des étudiants-athlètes masculins de la National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) en fonction de la race, du sport et la division de pratique. Récemment, la NCAA et ses institutions membres ont dû faire face à un examen minutieux concernant l’adéquation du sport interuniversitaire avec leurs missions éducatives. Des inquiétudes additionnelles ont été exprimées par la NCAA par rapport à la persistance des écarts en termes de réussite académique en fonction du sexe et de la race dans l’ensemble des divisions. Cependant, rares sont les travaux ayant proposé des analyses multidivisionnelles sur les étudiants-athlètes en fonction des groupes raciaux et des types de sports. En s’appuyant sur les données de l’étude NCAA GOALS de 2006, et au prisme de la théorie des systèmes écologiques de Bronfenbrenner, la présente étude a examiné les différences entre les expériences des étudiantsathlètes en fonction des groupes raciaux, du type d’investissement sportif et de la division de pratique. Les principaux résultats montrent des différences saillantes entre les expériences sociales en fonction du type de sport et du niveau de pratique mais aussi des différences significatives entre les expériences académiques des étudiants noirs et non-noirs. Les implications politiques et pratiques sont discutées.
Matthew Katz, Nefertiti A. Walker and Lauren C. Hindman
In the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), women are underrepresented in sport leadership positions ( Burton, 2015 ). Although opportunities for women to participate as student-athletes in intercollegiate athletics have increased, the representation of women in leadership positions has