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Rod K. Dishman and Claudio Nigg

Background:

Measuring the way people vary across time in meeting recommended levels of physical activity is a prerequisite to quantifying exposure in outcome studies or identifying determinants of sufficient physical activity. The study determined whether distinct patterns of change in sufficient physical activity could be identified in a population.

Methods:

A cohort (N = 497) from a random, multiethnic sample of adults living in Hawaii was assessed every 6 months for 2 years beginning spring 2004. Latent transition analysis classified people as sufficiently or insufficiently active each time.

Results:

In the total cohort, odds that people would move from insufficient to sufficient activity (45% to 59%) at each 6-month transition were higher than odds they would move from sufficient to insufficient activity (8% to 13%). However, those odds, as well as types and amounts of physical activity, differed widely among and within 3 of 4 transition classes that represented 21% of the cohort.

Conclusions:

Point-prevalence of sufficient physical activity in the total cohort was similar to contemporary U.S. estimates. However, physical activity varied between and within subgroups of the cohort. Further research is needed using self-report and objective measures to determine patterns of change in sufficient physical activity in other representative cohorts.

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Vernon M. Grant, Emily J. Tomayko, Ronald J. Prince, Kate Cronin and Alexandra Adams

.430–1.036 .07  College degree or postgraduate 1.467 0.735–2.982 .28 1.608 0.768–3.444 .21 Note: Bold values indicate a significant odds ratio. N/A = not applicable as variable not included in the final model. a Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, White, and Asian. * P value significant at α

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Iris Buder, Cathleen Zick, Norman Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Grant Sunada and Kathleen Digre

Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders. The study was approved by the University of Utah Institutional Review Board and the Phoenix Area Indian Health Service Institutional Review Board. This trial was also registered with clinical trials.gov (#NCT02470156). The CHC-UWAG health intervention focused on women

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Reid J. Reale, Timothy J. Roberts, Khalil A. Lee, Justina L. Bonsignore and Melissa L. Anderson

.6%)  American Indian/Native Alaskan 1 (1.0%) 1 (3.4%) 2 (1.6%)  Black/African American 8 (8.2%) 4 (13.8%) 12 (9.5%)  Asian 13 (13.4%) 0 (0.0%) 13 (10.4%)  Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)  Other 6 (6.2%) 4 (13.8%) 10 (7.9%) Resting metabolic rate (kcal/day) 2,009.5 ± 294.4 1

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Nicole M.S. Belanger and Julie Hicks Patrick

married 724 (98.8)  Married 2 (0.3)  Divorced 1 (0.1)  Other 2 (0.3) Race    White 666 (90.9)  African American/black 16 (2.2)  Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/Asian 14 (1.9)  American Indian/Alaska Native 2 (0.3)  Multiracial 23 (3.1)  Other 12 (1.6) Measures Demographics Participants indicated their

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Neng Wan, Ming Wen, Jessie X. Fan, O. Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Sara McCormick, Kirsten Elliott and Emily Nicolosi

Bureau ; 2010 . 2. Bacong AM , Holub C , Porotesano L . Comparing obesity-related health disparities among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, Asians, and Whites in California: reinforcing the need for data disaggregation and operationalization . Hawaii J Med Public Health . 2016 ; 75 ( 11

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Laurel W. Sheffield and Lauren A. Stutts

/Asian American, 5.1% as biracial, 3.4% as African American/Black, 1.7% as multiracial, 0.4% as Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and 17.4% did not indicate their race. Additionally, 3.8% of participants identified as Hispanic/Latinx. Division I athletes had played their respective sport for an average of 10

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René Revis Shingles

Active medical doctors, 2013 b Athletic trainers, 2017 c African American/Black 12.6 4.1 3.9 American Indian/Alaskan Native 0.8 0.4 0.4 Asian 5.2 11.7 3.5 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 0.2 N/A (included with Asian) Hispanic/Latino 17.3 4.4 5.0 White 73.3 48.9 80.5 Multiethnic N/A N/A 1.8 a U.S. Census

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Aquasia A. Shaw, Merry Moiseichik, Heather Blunt-Vinti and Sarah Stokowski

non-White. Seventy-five of the 101 participants were White, the other 26 participants reflected Non-White. Of the non-White category: 16 were Black, 3 were Hispanic/Latino, 1 was Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and 6 selected two or more ethnicities. Thirty-three of the participants were male and

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Kelsey McEntyre, Matthew D. Curtner-Smith and Deborah S. Baxter

physical education EFE that took place once a week for 6 weeks in one academic semester at one local elementary school. The school was attended by White (93.1%), African American (2.7%), Hispanic (2.4%), mixed race (1.6%), American Indian/Alaskan Native (0.1%), and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (0