, meaning coaches who expatriate to take advantage of coaching opportunities in countries with high international standing in their sport. In the present study, one particular case of inbound mobility was explored, namely the expatriation of North American alpine ski coaches to Norway. The study focused on
Evelyne Felber Charbonneau, Martin Camiré and Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre
Elsa Kristiansen, Therese Dille and Simon Tærud Day
Norwegian Football Association’s (hereafter NFF) Communication Director, the crisis communication and strategic actions used to increase activity after the lockdown. Norway During the Crisis Already, on January 31, the Norwegian government started planning for the outbreak of COVID-19. In the following
Øyvind F. Standal, Tor Erik H. Nyquist and Hanne H. Mong
status, role, and work tasks of APA specialists (i.e., so-called sports pedagogues) working in rehabilitation in Norway. The Norwegian Context Sports pedagogue is a job title that is commonly used by rehabilitation institutions in Norway. It denotes a group of professionals who mainly have their
Olivia Wohlfart, Sandy Adam, Jorge García-Unanue, Gregor Hovemann, Berit Skirstad and Anna-Maria Strittmatter
( Breitbarth et al., 2019 ; Fahrner & Schüttoff, 2020 ) is necessary for the investigation of needed changes for sport management curricula induced by internationalization on the European sport labor market. Germany, Norway, and Spain are able to represent Europe from a geographical point of view from the
2017 ; Hovden, 2015 ; Norman 2010a , 2010b ; Pfister 2013 ). Here, Norway is no exception. In 2014, 19% of all coaches in Norway were women ( NIF, 2014 ) and in 2009, only 8% of all Norwegian national team coaches were women ( Fasting & Sand, 2009 ). Additionally, women coaches have fewer options
Professor Kari Fasting
The questions asked in this paper are: what is it that women who participate in recreational sport appreciate most or enjoy most about their sports? What are the differences and similarities among women who participate in aerobics, tennis or soccer? Thirty one Norwegian women (ages 19 to 36 years) participated in the study. The research method used was qualitative interviews. The music and the rhythm were mentioned most often by the women practicing aerobics. The availability of the sport was a major factor for the tennis players. These were in contrast to the soccer players for whom the social aspect of the sport dominated. A theme that occurred across the different sports was related to physicality and to the use of the body. It is clear from the data that the women found that being physically active was positive and pleasurable, and that some of the findings challenge the norms of female physicality.
Trygve B. Broch
This article explores gendered sport communication in Norway. The data highlight Norwegian TV2’s live game commentaries of the 2009 women’s handball world championships, as well as live and studio commentary and journalistic reports concerning the Norwegian national women’s handball team from 2009 to 2013. The narrative-analytic approach is structural-hermeneutic and concerned with processes of meaning making. Instead of reading off gender/macrostructure in data, this project maps the semiotic culture structure of mediated women’s handball and shows how gendered meaning is creatively used to inform understandings of female handballers’ situated practices. The analysis first outlines the cultural binaries that constrain the media presentations of Norwegian women’s handball, then scrutinizes how gendered conceptions of sport and female athletes are used to understand this binary culture structure. Analytically revealed is a staging of Norwegian women’s handball that portrays successful and powerful female bodies’ contextual conduct. Norwegian women handballers are playing the aggressive and physically violent game in what is analyzed as a gender-appropriate manner.
Trygve B. Broch
This article examines a coach’s use of a Hollywood film as a ritualized means for addressing concerns arising from boys’ participation in Norwegian handball. Through the prism of the ritual I elucidate a set of underlying cultural processes that are unlikely to be unique to this sport and setting. Participant observation among 15 year-old handballers was conducted throughout the 2011–2012 season. Here I focus on how Hollywood meaning was used and received at the arena. Meso analysis reveals how and why the movie became a significant part of the team’s praxis and how ritual allowed competent actors to embrace or reject its meaning. This ritualized media use maintained a system of stratification that was rendered tolerable and meaningful for all squad members, albeit in differing ways.
Pål Augestad, Nils Asle Bergsgard and Atle Ø. Hansen
In this article, we argue that neoinstitutional theory can increase our understanding of the different ways nations develop structures for top-level sport. Theorists of the neoinstitutional school concentrate on how and to what degree organizations adapt to both formal and informal expectations in their institutional environment. Elite sports organizations participate in different organizational fields, and that pulls the organization in different directions. The empirical case for our discussion is the organization of elite sport in Norway. We will attempt to place elite sport in Norway in an international context by relating its development, structure, and working procedures to the development of corresponding elite sport systems in other Western countries. In addition to striking similarities among various national models for the organization of top-level sport, there are distinguishing national features that result from different cultural and political traditions.
Erling A. Algrøy, Ken J. Hetlelid, Stephen Seiler and Jørg I. Stray Pedersen
This study was designed to quantify the daily distribution of training intensity in a group of professional soccer players in Norway based on three different methods of training intensity quantification.
Fifteen male athletes (age, 24 ± 5 y) performed treadmill test to exhaustion to determine heart rate and VO2 corresponding to ventilatory thresholds (VT1, VT2), maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and maximal heart rate. VT1 and VT2 were used to delineate three intensity zones based on heart rate. During a 4 wk period in the preseason (N = 15), and two separate weeks late in the season (N = 11), all endurance and on-ball training sessions (preseason: N = 378, season: N= 78) were quantified using continuous heart rate registration and session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE). Three different methods were used to quantify the intensity distribution: time in zone, session goal and sRPE.
Intensity distributions across all sessions were similar when based on session goal or by sRPE. However, intensity distribution based on heart rate cut-offs from standardized testing was significantly different (time in zone).
Our findings suggest that quantifying training intensity by using heart rate based total time in zone is not valid for describing the effective training intensity in soccer. The results also suggest that the daily training intensity distribution in this representative group of high level Norwegian soccer players is organized after a pattern where about the same numbers of training sessions are performed in low lactate, lactate threshold, and high intensity training zones.