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Michelle Seanor, Robert J. Schinke, Natalia B. Stambulova, Kristoffer Henriksen, Dave Ross and Cole Giffin

Olympic champion. Data Collection The Guided Walks Three contextual experts, the Olympic coach, the assistant coach, and the Olympic champion, were engaged in this case study. Each contextual expert held a different role in Skyriders and provided insight about the sport environment from his or her unique

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We, the Editors and Publishers of the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, have withdrawn the following article in whole: Plews, DJ, Laursen, PB. Training intensity distribution over a four-year cycle in Olympic champion rowers: different roads lead to Rio [version of record published online ahead of print September 27, 2017]. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2017-0343. The Editorial Office was contacted with the request to withdraw this article informing the Editor-in-Chief that the data in this article were not permissible to use due to undisclosed contractual obligations.

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Susan A. Jackson, Jeremy Dover and Lisa Mayocchi

To better understand the impact that winning an Olympic gold medal has upon athletes, a qualitative investigation of the experiences encountered by Australian athletes who won an Olympic gold medal between 1984-1992 was conducted. A total of 18 Olympic champions were interviewed on their experiences as gold medallists. While athletes recognized many positive aspects associated with their Olympic wins, a large number of negative experiences were also recounted. The win created significant and long-lasting change to most athletes’ lives. Evaluation and comparison of the athletes’ personal experiences in relation to other Australian gold medallists from this time period are discussed.

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Susan A. Jackson, Lisa Mayocchi and Jeremy Dover

The experiences of 18 Olympic gold medallists from Australia are analyzed relative to the changes effected by their Olympic wins. Specifically, the effect an Olympic win has on subsequent athletic performance is addressed as are athletes’ strategies for coping with changes faced after winning a gold medal and recommendations for future Olympic champions. Athletes perceived that both preparation and focus for subsequent competitions were affected by an Olympic win and saw most of these changes as negative influences. Athletes’ coping strategies were similar to those reported by other elite athletes. Recommendations for helping prepare elite athletes for the changes associated with high-level athletic success are discussed.

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Iñigo Mujika

Age-related fitness declines in athletes can be due to both aging and detraining. Very little is known about the physiological and performance decline of professional cyclists after retirement from competition. To gain some insight into the aging and detraining process of elite cyclists, 5-time Tour de France winner and Olympic Champion Miguel Indurain performed a progressive cycle-ergometer test to exhaustion 14 y after retirement from professional cycling (age 46 y, body mass 92.2 kg). His maximal values were oxygen uptake 5.29 L/min (57.4 mL · kg−1 · min−1), aerobic power output 450 W (4.88 W/kg), heart rate 191 beats/min, blood lactate 11.2 mM. Values at the individual lactate threshold (ILT): 4.28 L/min (46.4 mL · kg−1 · min−1), 329 W (3.57 W/kg), 159 beats/min, 2.4 mM. Values at the 4-mM onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA): 4.68 L/min (50.8 mL · kg−1 · min−1), 369 W (4.00 W/kg), 170 beats/min. Average cycling gross efficiency between 100 and 350 W was 20.1%, with a peak value of 22.3% at 350 W. Delta efficiency was 27.04%. Absolute maximal oxygen uptake and aerobic power output declined by 12.4% and 15.2% per decade, whereas power output at ILT and OBLA declined by 19.8% and 19.2%. Larger declines in maximal and submaximal values relative to body mass (19.4–26.1%) indicate that body composition changed more than aerobic characteristics. Nevertheless, Indurain’s absolute maximal and submaximal oxygen uptake and power output still compare favorably with those exhibited by active professional cyclists.

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Ralph Beneke and Renate M. Leithäuser

a long history of concerns about men winning medals in female events. One historical case was Stella Walsh, the world’s fastest woman in the 1930s, diagnosed postmortem with mosaicism. More recent debates including court cases concerning South African 800-m World and Olympic champion Caster Semenya

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Thomas Haugen, Gøran Paulsen, Stephen Seiler and Øyvind Sandbakk

that 2 Olympic champion rowers yielded 7.1 L·min −1 V ˙ O 2 max on average. To put these exceptionally high V ˙ O 2 max values in a physiological context, it is worthwhile to contextualize them within the 3 components of the Fick equation. A large male endurance athlete (approximately 100 kg) who

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Jonathan Rhodes, Jon May, Jackie Andrade and David Kavanagh

). Recognizable in the lexical semantics of all personality traits comparable with grit is the ability for an individual to bounce back from failure and adversity. Fletcher and Sarkar ( 2012 ) interviewed 12 Olympic champions, examining the relationship between sport performance and resilience, and found that

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pill that would make them an Olympic champion with the caveat that the athlete would die in the same year of taking the pill. The results of the study revealed that more than 50% of the runners would take such a pill. Using the Mirkin and Hoffman study as a basis, Goldman, Bush, and Klatz (1984, later