can instill confidence that the technical modifications they are making to their movement mechanics will actually contribute to the mechanical objectives needed to improve performance without adding risk. Regulation of Linear and Angular Impulse Generation in Olympic Sports During Olympic competition
This case report described the use of behavioral activation when a former Olympic athlete developed depression after career termination. Four sessions were conducted, one session each week, followed by a boost session 1 month later. In Session 1, the former Olympic athlete displayed mild-to-moderate depression with anxiety and a low quality of life (Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale = 21; Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 Scale = 17; Brunnsviken Brief Quality of Life Scale = 44). By Session 3, the Olympic athlete no longer met the diagnostic criteria for clinical depression or anxiety (Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale = 2; Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 Scale = 7) and the quality of life was improved (Brunnsviken Brief Quality of Life Scale = 60). Follow-up assessments 1-year posttreatment confirmed that the former Olympic athlete continued to improve (Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale = 0; Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 Scale = 0; Brunnsviken Brief Quality of Life Scale = 96). This case report discusses the benefits of proactive support to elite athletes and the use of established clinical psychological treatments, for example, behavioral activation, when athletes develop health-related conditions.
Niels B. Feddersen, Robert Morris, Louise K. Storm, Martin A. Littlewood, and David J. Richardson
that occur beneath the surface of an organizational culture, which is made possible by the longitudinal data. The purpose of the current study is to examine the power relations during a change of culture in an Olympic sports organization in the United Kingdom. We aimed to examine (a) a change of
Erin E. Redihan
successor, Jimmy Carter, Ford understood the limits of presidential involvement regarding the Olympics. He stayed within these bounds yet strove to help American Olympians by creating the President’s Commission on Olympic Sports to oversee the reorganization of amateur athletics. Though he was handcuffed by
Mindy Millard-Stafford, Ann E. Swanson, and Matthew T. Wittbrodt
structures) are minimally contributing to this gap, suggesting differences are now attributed predominantly to nature. At the elite level, significant sex differences persist, which speaks against eliminating sex segregation in these Olympic sports. 18 Influence of Event Duration Performance gaps in events
own world championships was its dissatisfaction with the IOC’s 1977 rejection of a proposal to add a women’s 3000-meter race. Krieger argues that “in particular, its members felt that the position of athletics as ‘the most important Olympic sports’ was being undermined.” 44 This perspective echoes
Richard J. Butler and Lew Hardy
The importance of discovering the athlete’s perspective of his or her own notions of self and performance is discussed with reference to Personal Construct Theory (Bannister & Fransella, 1986; Kelly, 1955). The athlete’s constructions are displayed in the form of performance profiles and the methodology of developing such profiles is described. The application of performance profiles is illustrated with a number of examples from elite athletes over a range of Olympic sports.
Janos Vaczi and Peter Berkes
In Hungary, sports do not appropriately act as a social and economic catalyst in the key market segments—leisure sports and spectator sports. To date, despite the media’s increasing role in sports sponsorships, no coherent model has been presented to improve Hungary’s chronically underfunded sport industry by raising extra funds. The reviewed international literature fails to provide a consistent and uniform model. The first part of the study describes the history of Hungary’s sport industry in the past 20 years. An examination of the background of sports funding is followed by a description of key directions in funding practices. The focus is on providing a high-level introduction to the various funding systems. The conclusion is that with the necessary communication and media support, a new gambling-related, government-controlled sport-marketing program can provide extra funds for Olympic sports federations and the sport industry in general.