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Marla K. Beauchamp, Richard H. Harvey and Pierre H. Beauchamp

The present article outlines the development and implementation of a multifaceted psychological skills training program for the Canadian National Short Track Speedskating team over a 3-year period leading up to the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games. A program approach was used emphasizing a seven-phase model in an effort to enhance sport performance (Thomas, 1990) in which psychological skills training was integrated with biofeedback training to optimize self-regulation for performance on demand and under pressure. The biofeedback training protocols were adapted from general guidelines described by Wilson, Peper, and Moss (2006) who built on the work of DeMichelis (2007) and the “Mind Room” program approach for enhancing athletic performance. The goal of the program was to prepare the athletes for their best performance under the pressure of the Olympic Games. While causation cannot be implied due to the lack of a control group, the team demonstrated success on both team and individual levels.

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International Olympic Committee Expert Group on Dietary Supplements in Athletes

with Olympic and highly competitive athletes know that the pressures of elite sport and the substantial rewards that follow success provide a high level of motivation to adopt any safe and legal strategy that might promise even the smallest performance gain. Dietary supplements operate in this space

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Rachel Arnold, David Fletcher and Jennifer A. Hobson

in determining NSO’s [national sporting organizations] success in Olympic competition” ( Fletcher & Wagstaff, 2009 , p. 433; see also Arnold, Fletcher, & Anderson, 2015 ; Arnold, Fletcher, & Molyneux, 2012 ; Fletcher & Arnold, 2011 , 2015 ). Leadership and Management Conceptualization A recurring

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Tiago Turnes, Rogério S.O. Cruz, Fabrizio Caputo and Rafael A. De Aguiar

The 2000-m performance is the criterion measure of Olympic rowing usually lasting 5.5 to 8 minutes depending on the boat type and many external factors such as wind, water, current, and temperature. 1 , 2 These aspects bring to this task a number of limitations in scientific terms, which have led

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Tom Willmott and Dave Collins

This study offered a first examination of skill development within freeskiing and snowboarding, using semistructured interviews to examine trick progression. Participants were purposefully recruited as performing at world top 8 level in 2014, the most recent Winter Olympic Games. A semi structured interview protocol, using a personalized progress chart, enabled the examination of trick progression across disciplines, with at least one participant from each of the events represented at the Games. Trick progression was achieved intermittently, moving through different stages during the year subject to experiencing the right conditions, training facilities, balancing time for progression with time for consolidation, competition periods and rehabilitating from injuries. There was high variance in the duration of trick progression between individuals and also high variance in the number of repetitions required to land a trick in competition. Imagery was a mental skill widely used and universally supported by our sample. Athletes and coaches should take directionality into consideration when planning their progression, ensuring all four directions are included and that prerequisite manoeuvres are included in an athlete’s training repertoire at the right stage to facilitate the learning of more complex manoeuvres at a later stage of development. Our data found a 60–40 balance between time-spent training on and off-snow, further research is required to determine the best combination of traditional strength and conditioning versus movement conditioning approaches, both from an injury prevention and a performance enhancement perspective.

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Erin E. Redihan

Given the recent geopolitical implications attached to the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics, there are times when it seems as though politics should be a medal event at the Games. The politics surrounding the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi offer another recent example where the bureaucratic moguls

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Michelle Seanor, Robert J. Schinke, Natalia B. Stambulova, Kristoffer Henriksen, Dave Ross and Cole Giffin

were marked by training focused on technical development that taught athletes sport-specific skills. The later years armed elite athletes with competition tactics tailored to success in high-performance contexts such as world championships and the Olympic Games. Researchers have since proposed both

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Reid Reale, Gary Slater and Louise M. Burke

All Olympic combat sports (currently, judo, taekwondo, boxing, and wrestling) separate athletes by body mass (BM) into “weight” divisions to minimize size/strength disparities. To ensure athletes meet weight requirements, official weigh-ins are held before competition. In addition to reducing body

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Fiona Pelly and Susie Parker Simmons

environment and policy that determine food availability ( Symmank et al., 2017 ). We previously reported on an expert review of the food provision for the London 2012 Olympic Games and found that there was limited choice of lower energy, low fat, and gluten-free items to meet the needs of athletes, as well as

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Angela Robles

There are only four female athletes in the world who have earned three Olympic Gold medals in the sport of softball, and only six female athletes who have earned two ( USA Softball, 2017a ). These individuals are truly the most elite in the history of the sport. This study will seek to explore how