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Nima Dehghansai, Veronica Allan, Ross A. Pinder, and Joe Baker

In their comprehensive study, Radtke and Doll-Tepper ( 2014 ) demonstrated the complexity of Paralympic sport (PS) athletes’ development and the importance of examining disability-related 1 factors to further our limited knowledge. This work was supported by Hutzler et al. ( 2016 ) opinion paper

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Scott Simon and Pam Richards

The operationalisation of a high-performance vision in the context of professional elite sport, in which shared mental models (SMMs) are developed within Paralympic sport, refutes the claim that Paralympic sport is a microcosm of Olympic performance. Instead, the Paralympic landscape should be

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Nima Dehghansai, Ross A. Pinder, and Joseph Baker

Given the relative immaturity of research programs in Paralympic sport (PS) compared with able-bodied (AB) sport ( Dehghansai et al., 2017a ), it is not surprising that many athlete development models are built on evidence from AB cohorts. However, considering the complexities associated with PS

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Rafael L. Kons, Kai Krabben, David L. Mann, Gabriela Fischer, and Daniele Detanico

Judo for athletes with vision impairment (VI judo) is a Paralympic sport that follows the same rules as Olympic judo but with one main exception, as the match is initiated with athletes positioning their grips on the opponents’ jacket ( judogi ; International Paralympic Committee, 2018 ). This

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Jonpaul Nevin and Paul Smith

physical disability. Therefore, the knowledge that stems from applied case studies provides valuable information to help guide best practices within this exciting and liberating Paralympic sport. While the majority of trained handcyclists compete in organized road races and time trials, others focus their

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Barry S. Mason, Viola C. Altmann, and Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey

, 2018. 2. Tweedy SM , Vanlandewijck YC . International Paralympic Committee position stand—background and scientific principles of classification in Paralympic sport . Brit J Sports Med . 2011 ; 45 : 259 – 269 . doi:10.1136/bjsm.2009.065060 10.1136/bjsm.2009.065060 3. Rhodes JM , Mason BS

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Thomas J. O’Brien, Simon J. Briley, Barry S. Mason, Christof A. Leicht, Keith Tolfrey, and Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey

://www.iwrf.com . Accessed September 1, 2019. 2. Tweedy SM , Vanlandewijck YC . International Paralympic committee position stand-background and scientific principles of classification in Paralympic sport . Br J Sports Med . 2011 ; 45 ( 4 ): 259 – 269 . PubMed ID: 19850575 doi:10.1136/bjsm.2009.065060 19850575 10

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Nancy Quinn and Laura Misener

role of the second author is that of critical friend ( Cowan & Taylor, 2016 ; Tracy, 2010 ), whose subjectivity is informed by research engagement with Paralympic sport. By interrogating the first author’s experience of sport medicine within the arena of Paralympic sport, our aim was to take a hard

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Scott Douglas

Since its humble beginnings at the end of World War II, wheelchair basketball has incorporated a classification system for its players. The classification system ensures equal representation among team players and fosters positions and roles that are unique to the various levels of disability represented on a team (Goodwin et al., 2009). The increasingly competitive nature of this global game has necessitated an increasingly high level of coaching expertise. The purpose of this commentary is to take a practical look at the International Wheelchair Basketball Federation Player Classification System and the challenges it presents to a wheelchair basketball coach during the chaos of a game.

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Jonpaul Nevin and Paul M. Smith

Purpose: To explore the relationship between absolute and relative upper-body strength and selected measures of handcycling performance. Methods: A total of 13 trained H3/H4-classified male handcyclists (mean [SD] age 37 [11] y; body mass 76.6 [10.1] kg; peak oxygen consumption 2.8 [0.6] L·min−1; relative peak oxygen consumption 36.5 [10] mL·kg·min−1) performed a prone bench-pull and bench-press 1-repetition-maximum strength assessment, a 15-km individual time trial, a graded exercise test, and a 15-second all-out sprint test. Relationships between all variables were assessed using Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Absolute strength measures displayed a large correlation with gross mechanical efficiency and maximum anaerobic power output (P = .05). However, only a small to moderate relationship was identified with all other measures. In contrast, relative strength measures demonstrated large to very large correlations with gross mechanical efficiency, 15-km time-trial velocity, maximum anaerobic power output, peak aerobic power output, power at a fixed blood lactate concentration of 4 mmol·L−1, and peak oxygen consumption (P = .05). Conclusion: Relative upper-body strength demonstrates a significant relationship with time-trial velocity and several handcycling performance measures. Relative strength is the product of one’s ability to generate maximal forces relative to body mass. Therefore, the development of one’s absolute strength combined with a reduction in body mass may influence real-world handcycling race performance.