The purpose of the present study was to conceptualize maladaptive forms of sport perfectionism by determining the factors (and items within each factor) that best describe this construct among skilled male and female athletes. The sample consisted of 217 undergraduate student athletes ranging in age from 19 to 33 years. A theory-driven four-factor, 18-item Likert-type scale, called the Sport Perfectionism Inventory (SPI), was generated for this study. The factors, each reflecting maladaptive perfectionism to an excessive degree, included the following: concern over mistakes (CM), self-criticism (SC), personal standards (PS), and negative feedback (NF). Results showed that the items were generalizable for both genders, and all correlations between factors in the scale were significant. It was concluded that these dimensions depicted maladaptive sport perfectionism as a function of gender.
Mark H. Anshel and Toto Sutarso
Robin S. Vealey, Eric Martin, Angela Coppola, Rose Marie Ward and Jacob Chamberlin
predictors of burnout in coaches. Recent research has shown that perfectionism and motivation were influential in the development of burnout in athletes ( Ho, Appleton, Cumming, & Duda, 2015 ; Jowett, Hill, Hall, & Curran, 2013 ; Madigan, Stoeber, & Passfield, 2016 ). Because the relationship between
Esmie P. Smith, Andrew P. Hill and Howard K. Hall
soccer academies. It also examined how in this context burnout and depression might be related to perfectionism among junior athletes. We first define and describe athlete burnout, depressive symptoms, and perfectionism, as well as review research examining them in sport. We then discuss research that
Daniel J. Madigan, Thomas Curran, Joachim Stoeber, Andrew P. Hill, Martin M. Smith and Louis Passfield
Research has found that perfectionism is related to numerous motivational, performance, and well-being-related outcomes in sport (see Hill, Mallinson-Howard, & Jowett, 2018 ). This includes important outcomes such as behavioral regulation, performance, and athlete burnout. The origins of
Pooja Somasundaram and Alexandra M. Burgess
presentation of disordered eating attitudes and behaviors among this understudied group may facilitate the development of prevention and intervention programs targeting the large number of amateur level female athletes. Perfectionism and Disordered Eating Symptomology In understanding the presentation of
Shelby J. Martin and Timothy Anderson
the influence of stigma on the formation of EP help-seeking intentions among athletes is non-existent. Perfectionism, a personality trait often characteristic of athletes ( Thompson & Sherman, 2011 ), is an additional facet of an athletic-identity that may also influence EP help-seeking. Research has
Column-editor : Leslee A. Fisher and Craig A. Wrisberg
Tracy C. Donachie, Andrew P. Hill and Daniel J. Madigan
psychologists have sought to determine factors that result in more positive or negative precompetition emotions. To advance knowledge on this topic, the present study examined the role of perfectionism in determining precompetition emotions. In particular, we sought to establish whether perfectionism predicted
Randy O. Frost and Katherine J. Henderson
This exploratory study examined the relationship of perfectionism (from a recently devised multidimensional measure) with female athletes' reactions to athletic competition and coaches' ratings of reactions to mistakes during competition. Athletes who rated high in Concern Over Mistakes (one dimension of perfectionism) reported more anxiety and less self-confidence in sports, displayed a general failure orientation toward sports, reacted negatively to mistakes (by their report and by coaches' ratings), and reported more negative thinking in the 24 hours prior to competition. A second dimension of perfectionism, High Personal Standards, was associated with a success orientation toward sports and more dreams of perfection prior to competition. The possible influence of perfectionism on motivation and performance in sports is discussed.
Ross Roberts, Mike Rotheram, Ian Maynard, Owen Thomas and Tim Woodman
The present investigation examined whether perfectionism might predict whether an athlete would suffer from the ‘yips’ (a long term movement disorder consisting of involuntary movements that affects the execution of motor skills). A sample of ‘yips’-affected individuals from golf, cricket, and darts as well as a sport-matched sample of non ’yips’-affected athletes completed the shortened version of Frost, Marten, Lahart, and Rosenblate’s (1990) multidimensional perfectionism scale (FMPS). Results revealed that three aspects of perfectionism (personal standards, organization, and concern over mistakes) were associated with a greater likelihood of suffering from the ‘yips’, indicating that ‘yips’ sufferers had an unhealthy perfectionism profile. The results highlight perfectionism as a possible antecedent of the ‘yips’ experience within sport.