The ability of athletes to accurately recall precompetition anxiety was tested in members of a collegiate track and field program. In Experiment 1, 34 athletes completed the state portion of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) 1 hour before a competition and again 2 days later. Actual and recalled precompetition anxiety were significantly (p < .01) correlated for the men (r = .96) and women (r = .97) athletes. Accuracy in recalling anxiety was comparable for athletes with above (r = .96) and below (r = .97) average self-ratings of performance. For Experiment 2, the procedure was repeated with 11 other athletes. In this case the STAI items were rearranged on the second form. Again, recalled and actual precompetition anxiety were highly correlated (r = .96, p < .01). It is concluded that athletes can accurately recall precompetition anxiety 2 days following competition. With further validation this method may be used in place of actual precompetition anxiety measurements.
Gregory J. Harger and John S. Raglin
Raquel Escobar-Molina, Sonia Rodríguez-Ruiz, Carlos Gutiérrez-García, and Emerson Franchini
This study aimed at comparing weight loss methods (WLM) performed near competition by elite judo athletes from different age and gender groups and relating WLM with the prevalence of eating disorders.
144 athletes (66 females and 78 males) from the Spanish judo teams participated in this observational descriptive study grouped into cadets, juniors, and seniors. Data were collected during previous training meetings to international tournaments. The used tools are a basic data questionnaire, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T), Food Craving Questionnaire-Trait (FCQ-T), Restraint Scale (RS), and Eating Attitude Test (EAT-40). Two-way ANOVAs and chi-square tests were used to compare groups.
Seniors presented higher use of WLM, especially one week before competition compared with juniors. Judoists were more involved in their diets and reduced more weight as they were older. Females were more concerned about their diets, presented higher anxiety, scored higher in the emotion scale, and more eating disorders symptoms, although weight loss was lower. Anxiety and eating disorders symptoms differences were more common in juniors and cadets, respectively, with higher scores in females.
Conclusions and Implications:
Seniors seem to develop more effective strategies to cope with weight loss. Cadet and junior females are more likely to suffer from the psychological-related states associated to weight loss. Implications: (1) Educational programs might help competitors and coaches to adopt and promote healthier weight loss processes, (2) special attention should be paid to female young judoists to detect eating disorders in its early stages, and (3) judo organizations should consider implementing new rules to sanction harmful weight loss practices.
Yara Fidelix, Mara C. Lofrano-Prado, Leonardo S. Fortes, James O. Hill, Ann E. Caldwell, João P. Botero, and Wagner L. do Prado
manifestations and cognitive, affective, and somatic depressive symptoms. Each item consists of a series of 4 statements scaled to indicate increasing depressive symptomatology. 22 Internal consistency of Cronbach α = .680 was observed in the present study. Spielberger State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) It
Christopher P. Tomczyk, George Shaver, and Tamerah N. Hunt
/complex reaction time and processing speed. Primary measures were the significant PAI scales/subscales and the CRI indexes. Three linear regression models were run to estimate effect size of PAI predictors on CRI performance. The STAI was used to measure both trait and state anxiety before and after sport
Marc-Olivier St-Aubin, Philippe Chalaye, François-Pierre Counil, and Sylvie Lafrenaye
.9 3.3 0.75–13 Sedentary activity, h/wk 42 22.1 10.5–98 VO 2 max, mL/min 3020 381 2180–3727 VO 2 max/weight, mL/min/kg 44.4 7.2 26.9–56.6 State anxiety (STAI) 30.1 5.7 20–43 Trait anxiety (STAI) 32.9 8.9 20–58 Depression symptoms (CDI) 6.7 4.2 0–15 Pain Catastrophizing Scale 14.6 7.9 3–35 Sleep quality
Linda Corbally, Mick Wilkinson, and Melissa A. Fothergill
at home. No-treatment control group CD2+, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells (immune function before and after a VO2max test) Regan, Aitchison, and Grant ( 1998 )* 28 runners aged 24.4 (4.8) years RCT Meditation, audio file, unclear dose, informal practice prescribed No- treatment Competitive anxiety (STAI Y1
Kathryn A. Coniglio and Edward A. Selby
). Both samples showed excellent internal consistency (α college = .92; α MTurk = .95). State-Trait Anxiety Inventory—Trait Form The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)—Trait Form ( Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, Vagg, & Jacobs, 1983 ) is a 20-item measure that assesses general, stable levels of
Ansley E. Swann, Rachel R. Kleis, and Johanna M. Hoch
of life measurement (EQ-5D), BRS Harris Hip Score (HHS); Resilience Scale (RS-11); Allgemeine Depressionsskala (general depression scale–long) (ADS-L); State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI); Freiburg Personality Inventory–revised (FPI-R) Results The average BRS score was 20.4 ± 3.7 points
Anat V. Lubetzky, Bryan D. Hujsak, Gene Fu, and Ken Perlin
/handicap in the presence of bilateral peripheral vestibular system impairment . Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 24 ( 2 ), 76 – 76 . PubMed ID: 10685673 doi:10.3766/jaaa.24.2.1 10.3766/jaaa.24.2.1 Julian , L.J. ( 2011 ). Measures of anxiety: State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Beck
Michael J. Panza, Scott Graupensperger, Jennifer P. Agans, Isabelle Doré, Stewart A. Vella, and Michael Blair Evans
engaged in organized sports over the past 12 months . No guiding theory Anxiety symptoms STAI Core findings: Participants engaged in organized sports reported lower anxiety compared with nonsport participants. Female athletes showed higher levels of anxiety than male athletes. Doré