burnout on both teachers’ well- and ill-being and on the learning process, it is not surprising the growth of a research line addressing the understanding of underlying factors which might explain burnout (e.g., Abós, Sevil, Haerens, Aelterman, & García-González, 2019 ). Perceived Pressures Stemming From
Work Pressures Stemming From School Authorities and Burnout Among Physical Education Teachers: The Mediating Role of Psychological Needs Thwarting
Evelia Franco, Ricardo Cuevas, Javier Coterón, and Christopher Spray
Locomotor Patterns Elicited by Electrical Stimulation of the Brain Stem in the Mudpuppy
Mark L. Shik
Microstimulation of the brain stem was performed in the mesencephalic mudpuppy. Repetitive (8-15 pps) stimulation of the lateral mesencephalic tegmentum elicited cyclic side-to-side movements of the tail or the body and stepping of the hindlimbs or forelimbs in different combinations. The association of all four components was most common, followed by the combined movements of the tail and the body; the tail, the hindlimbs, and the body; and the tail and the hindlimbs. Movements of the tail and the hindlimbs also occurred separately, but lateral undulation of the body was observed only in combinations, as was mainly stepping of the forelimbs. The cycle durations varied in different patterns: In particular, a cycle lasted 5 to 7 s for tail movements and 1.3 to 2 s for complete locomotion. Usually only one pattern was evoked by stimulating a particular site in the brain stem, but sometimes increasing the strength or frequency of stimulation involved an additional elementary synergy, thus forming a more complex pattern. Similar patterns could arise from stimulation of different sites. The order of involvement of components in the same complex pattern varied when stimuli were applied to different sites. The combinatorial composition and morphological specification are possible mechanisms of the broad repertoire of elicited locomotor patterns in the mudpuppy.
Exercise Intolerance and the Impact of Physical Activity in Children Treated With Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Sarah L. West, Adam Gassas, Tal Schechter, R. Maarten Egeler, Paul C. Nathan, and Greg D. Wells
Hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (SCT) is increasingly used to treat children with cancer, and survival following SCT is improving. One predominant consequence of childhood cancer therapy is increased physical morbidity, which is worse in pediatric SCT recipients compared with children treated with chemotherapy or radiation alone. There are many factors that contribute to exercise intolerance and reduced physical function during the pretransplant, peritransplant, and posttransplant phases. These include side effects from chemotherapy or radiation, excessive immobility due to bed rest, infections, the negative effects of immunosuppressants, and graft vs host disease, all of which can impair cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, and muscle function. Few studies have investigated the effects of exercise in childhood SCT recipients. In a small number of published studies, exercise interventions have been demonstrated to improve cardiorespiratory fitness, preserve or increase muscle mass, and improve muscle strength in children following SCT. The use of exercise as medicine may be a noninvasive and nonpharmaceutical treatment to target physical complications post-SCT. Researchers and health-care professionals should work together to develop exercise prescription guidelines for this unique and important population.
The Biomechanics Research and Innovation Challenge: Development, Implementation, Uptake, and Reflections on the Inaugural Program
Celeste E. Coltman, Martina Barzan, Manuela Besomi, Victoria Brackley, Jaquelin A. Bousie, Julie Choisne, Laura E. Diamond, Taylor J.M. Dick, Nicole D’Souza, Samantha Fien, Alycia Fong Yan, Sheridan A. Gho, Alexandra Giraldo-Pedroza, Laura A. Hutchinson, Laura V. Hutchison, Crystal O. Kean, Maddison M. Kirk, Amy Lewis, Jayishini N. Maharaj, Nina Maher, Kerry J. Mann, Suzanne Martin, Karen J. Mickle, Azadeh Nasseri, Isobel H. Oon, Rory Purdie, Shayan L. Quinlan, Ceridwen R. Radcliffe, Suzanne J. Snodgrass, Siddharth Verma, and Michelle Hall
There is a notable systematic absence of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) narratives. This absence is despite overwhelming evidence supporting the far-reaching benefits of gender diversity, ranging from research impact 1 to economic growth. 2 , 3 In Australia
A Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Primer for Kinesiology Leaders
Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) codes were designed to report outcomes in higher education by specific disciplines and professions, however, universities, states, and accreditation bodies also use these codes in other ways. This paper describes CIP-2010 usage in higher education and how these codes are used in funding public universities in Texas, and summarizes the American Kinesiology Association/National Academy of Kinesiology recommendations to the National Center for Education Statistics on updating kinesiology-related CIP codes. Kinesiology leaders should be knowledgeable about how CIP codes are often used behind the scenes in a variety of ways that affect our faculty, programs, and the field. Greater use of the term kinesiology in many future CIP codes would benefit the field and individual departments seeking alignment with institutional priorities.
A Case When You Can’t Fool Mother Nature: Understanding and Addressing Issues Linked to Organizational Decisions Stemming From a Natural Disaster
Ryan K. Zapalac, John J. Miller, and Kelsey C. Miller
Julie Tyler was recently hired as President of the Sacramento River Cats, a Triple-A affiliate of the San Francisco Giants. With a little over one month on the job, Julie encounters a situation she has never had to deal with when an earthquake strikes her facility. The River Cats are not severely impacted by the earthquake, but a rival organization (the Fresno Grizzlies; Triple-A affiliate of the Houston Astros) experiences some fairly serious damage and injuries. Julie has to decide whether to modify the schedule to meet the needs of the Grizzlies, to appease some of her other stakeholders with varying interests, and/or pursue a competitive advantage for her organization. Julie makes the decision to review a similar situation for guidance on her decision. The situation she decides to employ is a series relocation that the Houston Astros had to make to Tampa, Florida following the devastation created by Hurricane Harvey in August 2017. Her decision has to be made expeditiously as their next series with the Grizzlies takes place in four days.
A Bourdieusian Approach to Pain Management and Health in Professional Cricket
Daniel Read, Ivan Thomas, Aaron C.T. Smith, and James Skinner
-level sociocultural experiences of sport as a profession ( Read et al., 2023 ). In short, an athlete’s embodied cultural capital and internalized attitudes toward using their body as a resource for social improvement and their subsequent decision to (mis)use painkillers stem from the developmental history of athletes
Enhancing Graduate Student Research, Recruitment, and Retention via a Summer Research Experience
Jared A. Russell
, and mathematics (STEM)-related academic discipline, c. strong verbal and written communication skills, d. represent a new FS-SRBP partner institution or academic program, e. experience and strongly expressed interest in research, f. availability of an Auburn University Faculty Mentor whose research
The Strength of the Situation: Disentangling the Situational Explanation for Effort Gains in Swimming Relays From Person-Related Accounts
Joachim Hüffmeier, Joyce Elena Schleu, and Christoph Nohe
relay position, and they also show the most pronounced effort gains (e.g., Hüffmeier et al., 2012 ; Hüffmeier et al., 2017 ). These effort gains could, in fact—as hypothesized—stem from the swimmers’ relay position. Alternatively, they could also be due to the best swimmers’ specific characteristics
Being Involved in Sports or Giving Up: The Effects of Context on Teenage Girls’ Practice in French Disadvantaged Urban Neighborhoods
uses of “educational sports” for girls, the types of practices encouraged in official texts, and the associated elements of justification all stem from essentialized gender and racist stereotypes, limiting the impact of these new incentives. The objectification of conditions of the production of the