burnout on both teachers’ well- and ill-being and on the learning process, it is not surprising the growth of a research line addressing the understanding of underlying factors which might explain burnout (e.g., Abós, Sevil, Haerens, Aelterman, & García-González, 2019 ). Perceived Pressures Stemming From
Evelia Franco, Ricardo Cuevas, Javier Coterón, and Christopher Spray
Mark L. Shik
Microstimulation of the brain stem was performed in the mesencephalic mudpuppy. Repetitive (8-15 pps) stimulation of the lateral mesencephalic tegmentum elicited cyclic side-to-side movements of the tail or the body and stepping of the hindlimbs or forelimbs in different combinations. The association of all four components was most common, followed by the combined movements of the tail and the body; the tail, the hindlimbs, and the body; and the tail and the hindlimbs. Movements of the tail and the hindlimbs also occurred separately, but lateral undulation of the body was observed only in combinations, as was mainly stepping of the forelimbs. The cycle durations varied in different patterns: In particular, a cycle lasted 5 to 7 s for tail movements and 1.3 to 2 s for complete locomotion. Usually only one pattern was evoked by stimulating a particular site in the brain stem, but sometimes increasing the strength or frequency of stimulation involved an additional elementary synergy, thus forming a more complex pattern. Similar patterns could arise from stimulation of different sites. The order of involvement of components in the same complex pattern varied when stimuli were applied to different sites. The combinatorial composition and morphological specification are possible mechanisms of the broad repertoire of elicited locomotor patterns in the mudpuppy.
Sarah L. West, Adam Gassas, Tal Schechter, R. Maarten Egeler, Paul C. Nathan, and Greg D. Wells
Hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (SCT) is increasingly used to treat children with cancer, and survival following SCT is improving. One predominant consequence of childhood cancer therapy is increased physical morbidity, which is worse in pediatric SCT recipients compared with children treated with chemotherapy or radiation alone. There are many factors that contribute to exercise intolerance and reduced physical function during the pretransplant, peritransplant, and posttransplant phases. These include side effects from chemotherapy or radiation, excessive immobility due to bed rest, infections, the negative effects of immunosuppressants, and graft vs host disease, all of which can impair cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, and muscle function. Few studies have investigated the effects of exercise in childhood SCT recipients. In a small number of published studies, exercise interventions have been demonstrated to improve cardiorespiratory fitness, preserve or increase muscle mass, and improve muscle strength in children following SCT. The use of exercise as medicine may be a noninvasive and nonpharmaceutical treatment to target physical complications post-SCT. Researchers and health-care professionals should work together to develop exercise prescription guidelines for this unique and important population.
Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) codes were designed to report outcomes in higher education by specific disciplines and professions, however, universities, states, and accreditation bodies also use these codes in other ways. This paper describes CIP-2010 usage in higher education and how these codes are used in funding public universities in Texas, and summarizes the American Kinesiology Association/National Academy of Kinesiology recommendations to the National Center for Education Statistics on updating kinesiology-related CIP codes. Kinesiology leaders should be knowledgeable about how CIP codes are often used behind the scenes in a variety of ways that affect our faculty, programs, and the field. Greater use of the term kinesiology in many future CIP codes would benefit the field and individual departments seeking alignment with institutional priorities.
Ryan K. Zapalac, John J. Miller, and Kelsey C. Miller
Julie Tyler was recently hired as President of the Sacramento River Cats, a Triple-A affiliate of the San Francisco Giants. With a little over one month on the job, Julie encounters a situation she has never had to deal with when an earthquake strikes her facility. The River Cats are not severely impacted by the earthquake, but a rival organization (the Fresno Grizzlies; Triple-A affiliate of the Houston Astros) experiences some fairly serious damage and injuries. Julie has to decide whether to modify the schedule to meet the needs of the Grizzlies, to appease some of her other stakeholders with varying interests, and/or pursue a competitive advantage for her organization. Julie makes the decision to review a similar situation for guidance on her decision. The situation she decides to employ is a series relocation that the Houston Astros had to make to Tampa, Florida following the devastation created by Hurricane Harvey in August 2017. Her decision has to be made expeditiously as their next series with the Grizzlies takes place in four days.
Jared A. Russell
, and mathematics (STEM)-related academic discipline, c. strong verbal and written communication skills, d. represent a new FS-SRBP partner institution or academic program, e. experience and strongly expressed interest in research, f. availability of an Auburn University Faculty Mentor whose research
Joachim Hüffmeier, Joyce Elena Schleu, and Christoph Nohe
relay position, and they also show the most pronounced effort gains (e.g., Hüffmeier et al., 2012 ; Hüffmeier et al., 2017 ). These effort gains could, in fact—as hypothesized—stem from the swimmers’ relay position. Alternatively, they could also be due to the best swimmers’ specific characteristics
David Cassilo and Danielle Sarver Coombs
name, safety concerns stemming from a 2009 terrorist attack in Lahore on the Sri Lankan national cricket team meant all five teams were forced to play their entire schedule in the United Arab Emirates. After two successful seasons in the United Arab Emirates, the league decided to finally take a risk
David Pierce, Geoffre Sherman, Kyle Mechelin, and Bryan Kryder
stakeholders (i.e., governing bodies, parents, coaches, athletes, administrators) and entrepreneurs, the lack of qualified officials to referee competitive games and matches will threaten the benefits children receive from participating in youth sports. Innovation is needed to stem the negative tide of a
Peter F. Bodary and M. Melissa Gross
There is strong evidence that active learning outperforms passive learning when it comes to student achievement ( Freeman et al., 2014 ). This is certainly evident in the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) disciplines, and entire curricula have been established around the overall