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Nicole Dubuc-Charbonneau and Natalie Durand-Bush


The purpose of this study was to implement and assess the impact of a person-centered, feel-based self-regulation intervention on the stress, burnout, well-being, and self-regulation capacity of eight university student-athletes experiencing burnout. This was warranted given the negative outcomes associated with athlete burnout, the scarcity of burnout research focusing on student-athletes, and the lack of intervention research addressing burnout in sport.


A mixed methods design including questionnaires administered at four time points during the athletic season, pre- and postintervention interviews, and multiple intervention sessions was used.


Repeated-measures ANOVAs revealed that stress and burnout levels significantly decreased, and well-being and self-regulation capacity levels significantly increased as the intervention progressed. The qualitative data supported these findings.


It appears that university student-athletes participating in this type of intervention can learn to effectively manage themselves and their environment to reduce adverse symptoms and improve optimal functioning.

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Poppy DesClouds and Natalie Durand-Bush

-Bush, 2021 ). DesClouds et al. ( 2022 ) suggested that self-regulation might buffer the negative implications of athlete smartphone usage (e.g., stress, distraction, disengagement, loneliness) and facilitate positive capabilities through the supplementation of self-regulation processes. Other studies have

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Phil D.J. Birch, Beth Yeoman, and Amy E. Whitehead

, which in turn facilitates the problem-solving process and improves effectiveness of learning. Given the demands placed on athletes (e.g.,  Sarkar & Fletcher, 2014 ), self-regulation plays an important role in one’s development when striving for goal attainment ( Jonker et al., 2011 ). Zimmerman and

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Brittany N. Semenchuk, Shaelyn M. Strachan, and Michelle Fortier

Most Canadians are not active enough ( Colley et al., 2011 ; Statistics Canada, 2016 ) to achieve health benefits ( Lee, Artero, Sui, & Blair, 2010 ). This trend of inactivity may be due, in part, to the self-regulatory effort required to adhere to exercise ( Mermelstein & Revenson, 2013 ). Self-regulation

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Avelina C. Padin, Charles F. Emery, Michael Vasey, and Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser

with more favorable implicit attitudes exercised more on average than those with unfavorable attitudes, even after controlling for forms of explicit attitudes such as affective and instrumental attitudes. Self-Regulation and Implicit Attitudes Effortful control, an important component of self

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Kristy Martin, Kevin G. Thompson, Richard Keegan, and Ben Rattray

performance of professional cyclists on the mentally fatiguing cognitive task led us to suggest that professional athletes may possess greater capacity for self-regulation than recreational athletes ( Martin et al., 2016 ). Self-regulation refers to the act of exerting control over one’s behavior and has been

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Julie S. Son, Deborah L. Kerstetter, Andrew J. Mowen, and Laura L. Payne

There is a dearth of research conducted on the possible relationship between the global self-regulatory process of selective optimization with compensation (SOC) and leisure-time physical activity. Even less is known about SOC’s relationship to other social-cognitive factors known to influence physical activity. Therefore, this study examined the relationships between global self-regulation, constraint self-regulation, outcome expectations, and leisure-time physical activity with a sample of middle-aged and older adults (N = 271). One of the objectives was to test the interactive effect of global self-regulation and outcome expectations on constraint self-regulation. Another objective was to test the interactive effect of global self-regulation and outcome expectations on multiple measures of leisure-time physical activity. The authors found significant interactions between global self-regulation and outcome expectations for constraint self-regulation and duration of leisure-time physical activity. They discuss these results in terms of their implications for health-promotion programs to increase the leisure-time physical activity of people 50 years of age and older.

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Jonathan Lasnier and Natalie Durand-Bush

Both self-regulation ( McCormick et al., 2019 ) and mindfulness ( Corbally et al., 2020 ) have been linked to performance enhancement in endurance sports. This is not surprising as endurance athletes require self-regulation to manage their internal experiences and keep progressing toward their

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Kylie McNeill, Natalie Durand-Bush, and Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre

’s psychological functioning ( Mattern & Bauer, 2014 ) and that is amenable to interventions (e.g.,  Callary & Durand-Bush, 2008 ; Collins & Durand-Bush, 2010 ; Dubuc-Charbonneau & Durand-Bush, 2015 ) is self-regulation. Self-regulation reflects one’s capacity to generate, manage, and adapt one’s thoughts

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Daniel S. Kirschenbaum

This paper attempts to demonstrate the interdependence of research and theorizing on self-regulation and sport psychology. The process of maximizing sport performance was conceptualized as a self-regulatory problem. A five-stage model of self-regulation was presented to show the usefulness of this perspective. In particular, the model of self-regulation applied to this problem indicates that athletes should: specify their goals, establish commitments to change, manage their physical and social environments to facilitate pursuit of goals, execute the components of self-regulation to achieve goals (self-monitor, self-evaluate, self-consequate), and attempt to generalize changes achieved via the development of obsessive-compulsive styles of self-regulation. Recent findings in the self-regulation literature were reviewed to show how this conceptualization should be refined. Several applications in sport psychology were then described. This analysis supports the conclusion that (a) sport psychology provides an excellent medium for testing principles of self-regulation, and conversely, (b) self-regulatory models and principles can lead to effective interventions in sport psychology.