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SportsCentral as Winner or Loser? Centralcasting as Strategy for Efficient Local Sportscast Production

Jon Michael Mills and George L. Daniels

The amount of time dedicated to sports coverage in local news has decreased substantially in recent years. In fact, some networks have eliminated traditional sports segments or outsourced them to national organizations. The now defunct Sinclair Broadcast Group’s SportsCentral represented a cost-efficient way to produce local sports segments in multiple media markets, and this study sought to understand how SportsCentral broadcasts compared with traditional broadcasts in 3 markets. An analysis of SportsCentral segments over a 17-month period in the Birmingham, AL; Oklahoma City; and Tampa–St. Petersburg markets showed that traditional sportscasts provided more local sports coverage than shows airing SportsCentral. While relying more heavily on satellite-generated content, sportscasts using SportsCentral had a wider variety of stories and aired more sports feature stories and franchises than the traditional sportscast. However, local newscasts found ways to integrate sports coverage into the news broadcast to cover late-breaking or important local stories.

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Effects of a Prophylactic Knee Sleeve on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Loading During Sport-Specific Movements

Jonathan Sinclair and Paul J. Taylor

. Sinclair J , Vincent H , Richards JD . Effects of prophylactic knee bracing on knee joint kinetics and kinematics during netball specific movements . Phys Ther Sport . 2017 ; 23 : 93 – 98 . PubMed ID: 27697389 doi:10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.08.005 10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.08.005 27697389 14. Wu GKH , Ng

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The Acute Effect of Various Feedback Approaches on Sprint Performance, Motivation, and Affective Mood States in Highly Trained Female Athletes: A Randomized Crossover Trial

Larissa Di Bella, Kenji Doma, Wade Heath Sinclair, and Jonathan Douglas Connor

science research . Women Sport Phys Act J . 2021 ; 29 ( 2 ): 146 – 151 . doi:10.1123/wspaj.2021-0028 19. Doma K , Schumann M , Sinclair WH , Leicht AS , Deakin GB , Hakkinen K . The repeated bout effect of typical lower body strength training sessions on sub-maximal running performance

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Developing Reflective Performers by Integrating Mental Management Skills with the Learning Process

Gary D. Sinclair and Dana A. Sinclair

A developmental approach to the acquisition of mental management skills for use by teachers and coaches who wish to meet the needs of beginning and elite performers is outlined. The natural linkage of psychological skills training with the learning and instructional process is discussed, and a case is presented for the teaching of mental skills by teachers and coaches in the practice setting. A learning and an action cycle model are used both to illustrate how mental skills are embedded in the learning process and to identify the appropriate learning phase where each of the fundamental mental skills would be most effectively introduced. A practice session oriented protocol that enables learners to develop the ability to mentally manage their own physical performance is presented. This “mental management” view recognizes that a response is more easily taught, learned, understood, and remembered if it is developed along with the other responses with which it naturally occurs.

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Baseball’s Rising Sun: American Interwar Baseball Diplomacy and Japan

Robert J. Sinclair

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Influence of Surface on Impact Shock Experienced During a Fencing Lunge

Andrew Greenhalgh, Lindsay Bottoms, and Jonathan Sinclair

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of sports surface on the magnitude of impact shock experienced during a lunge movement. Thirteen experienced, competitive fencers (age 32.4 ± 4.6 years; height 178.4 ± 7.2 cm; mass 74.4 ± 9.1 kg) performed 10 lunges on four different surfaces: concrete with an overlaid vinyl layer (COVL), wooden sprung court surface (WSCS), metallic carpet fencing piste overlaid on the WSCS, and aluminum fencing piste overlaid on the WSCS. An accelerometer measured accelerations along the longitudinal axis of the tibia at 1000 Hz. The results identified a significantly (P < .05) larger impact shock magnitude was experienced during a lunge on the COVL (14.88 ± 8.45 g) compared with the WSCS (11.61 ± 7.30 g), WSCS with metallic carpet piste (11.14 ± 6.38 g) and WSCS with aluminum piste (11.95 ± 7.21 g). Furthermore, the two types of piste used had no significant effect the impact shock magnitude measured when overlaid on the WSCS compared with the WSCS on its own. The results of this investigation suggest that occurrences of injuries related to increased levels of impact shock may be reduced through the utilization of a WSCS as opposed to a COVL surface during fencing participation.

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Basic Texts in Athletic Training or Therapy

Amanda J. Sinclair

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Gender Differences in Adolescents’ Attitudes Toward School Physical Education

Moira D. Luke and Gary D. Sinclair

The purpose of this study was to identify and examine the potential determinants of male and female adolescents’ attitudes toward school physical education. Students (N=488), randomly selected from four large metropolitan schools, were asked to comment on their school physical education experience from kindergarten through Grade 10. A systematic content analysis was used to categorize these responses. Three main questions were addressed: What factors in the K-10 physical education experience of male/female students contribute to the development of positive/negative attitudes toward physical education? Are these factors different for males and females? Are they different for students electing to take school physical education? Five main determinants of attitude were identified in ranked order: curriculum content, teacher behavior, class atmosphere, student self-perceptions, and facilities. Overall, male and female students identified the same determinants in the same order of priority.

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Examination of Children’s Recess Physical Activity Patterns Using the Activities for Daily Living-Playground Participation (ADL-PP) Instrument

Megan Babkes Stellino and Christina Sinclair

Thorough assessment of children’s physical activity is essential to efficacious interventions to reduce childhood obesity prevalence. The purpose of this study was to examine children’s recess physical activity (RPA) patterns of behavior using the Activities of Daily Living –Playground Participation (ADL-PP: Watkinson et al., 2001) instrument. ADL-PP-based RPA data from 3rd-5th grade schoolchildren (N = 444: 51% male, 23.6% overweight/obese) were analyzed to determine the number and specific activity patterns overall as well as according to gender and weightstatus. Patterns of RPA findings showed girls participated in a higher number of activities compared with boys who participated in more sport-related activities. A wide variety in the specific activities in which children engaged was found according to gender and weight-status. Examination of RPA, with the ADL-PP, extends the literature by providing new data relative to the variety and specific types of activities in which children choose to engage during discretionary times, such as recess.

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Positive Transitions from High-Performance Sport

Dana A. Sinclair and Terry Orlick

The purpose of this study was to explore the transition experiences of high-performance athletes. More specifically, this study investigated reasons for retirement from sport, individual coping strategies, support networks used by transitional athletes, and other variables that may have impacted on the athlete’s adjustment process. Retired high-performance athletes (N = 199) with international competitive experience completed the Athlete Retirement Questionnaire, a 34-item instrument developed for this study. Analysis showed that those athletes who adjusted smoothly tended to retire after they achieved their sport related goals or because they had achieved their goals in sport. In addition, athletes who had a more difficult transition tended to feel incompetent outside of sport and to also feel that keeping busy was not an effective coping strategy. Practical implications are presented.