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“Under One Banner”: The World Baseball Softball Confederation and the Gendered Politics of Olympic Participation

Callie Batts Maddox

In late July 2020, baseball and softball will make their return to the Olympic program after a twelve-year absence. Hopes are high that the popularity of both sports in Japan will lead to a successful showing in Tokyo and justify the International Olympic Committee’s (IOC) decision to reinstate

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Experimental Evaluation of Softball Protective Headgear for Defensive Play

John Strickland and Grant Bevill

An estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million sports-related, traumatic brain injuries occur annually in the United States, 1 and an appreciable number of these injuries come from the sport of softball. 2 – 4 For example, it is estimated that over 46,000 brain injuries (consisting of concussions and closed

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Clinical Measures of Adolescent Softball Players With and Without Upper-Extremity Pain: A Preliminary Study

Chelsea L. Martin, Kaylee Pobocik, Mary Hannah, Mallory S. Faherty, Shefali Christopher, and Srikant Vallabhajosula

Softball is one of the fastest growing sports among all female athletes, with 367,861 high school participants playing in the United States during the 2017–2018 high school season. 1 Softball is a bat-and-ball sport that requires repetitive full-body dynamic movements, via overhand throwing by all

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Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test in Collegiate Softball Players: Bilateral Arm Comparison and Influence of Reach Order

Katelyn M. Christian and Matthew F. Moran

score. ▸ Reach direction sequence significantly influenced medial reach when stabilizing with the nonthrowing arm. ▸ Reach direction sequence should be held consistent for repeat testing. Softball is a sport of repetitive overhead throwing motions requiring glenohumeral (GH) abduction and external

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The Role of Lumbopelvic-Hip Complex Stability in Softball Throwing Mechanics

Gabrielle G. Gilmer, Jessica K. Washington, Jeffrey R. Dugas, James R. Andrews, and Gretchen D. Oliver

Fast-pitch softball is one of the most understudied sports among the sports medicine community, and with the recent increase in participation, there is also an inherent association of increased injury susceptibility. Previous studies have found that for every 100 softball players, 16.7% are injured

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Evaluating Coachability in Prospective Female College Athletes

Judy K. Favor

College coaches cite a number of personality attributes they desire in prospective athletes. One of the most commonly cited attributes is coachability, although each coach may have a unique way of describing what this means. The coachability construct is not well understood in the literature, and links between coachability and personality traits have not been adequately explored. As a result, strategies to help coaches better evaluate coachability and personality traits during the recruiting process are limited. This paper describes specific behaviors that may best distinguish more coachable from less coachable female college softball athletes. It also identifies important personality traits that appear to be associated with whether an athlete may be more coachable or less coachable and proposes ways coaches can use this information to better evaluate coachability and personality during the recruiting process.

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Competitive Anxiety, Situation Criticality and Softball Performance

Vikki Krane, Douglas Joyce, and Jennifer Rafeld

The relationship among person factors, situational factors, and batting performance was examined during a collegiate softball tournament. Specifically, the purposes of the present study were to examine (a) cognitive and somatic anxiety and performance as related to athletes’ trait anxiety and situation criticality, and (b) the catastrophe theory prediction that somatic anxiety would differentially relate to performance depending upon the level of cognitive anxiety. Standardized performance scores and intraindividual cognitive and somatic anxiety scores were computed for each athlete (N = 11). As hypothesized, high levels of situation criticality were associated with high levels of cognitive anxiety, but somatic anxiety did not differ in the two situations. Both person and situation factors were significant predictors of cognitive and somatic anxiety; however, the more salient factor was dependent upon the measurement of anxiety (raw scores vs. standardized score). Consistent with the catastrophe theory, somatic anxiety had a different relationship with performance in high criticality situations compared to low criticality situations.

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Isokinetic Fatigue Ratio of Shoulder Rotators in Elite Softball Players With and Without Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy, and its Association With the Subacromial Space

Rodney Y. L. Wong, Patrick S. H. Yung, and H. T. Leong

Softball is one of the most popular sports in recent decades. Rotator cuff tendinopathy is one of the most frequently reported overuse injuries in softball players, accounting for approximately 10% of all injuries recorded during softball competitions and practices. 1 Rotator cuff tendinopathy is

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College Choice Factors Influencing Community College Softball Players

Mark Vermillion

A large amount of research and scholarship has focused on the college and university choice factors of potential student-athletes. The aforementioned research, however, is disproportionately conducted using male or large revenue-generating sport participants. Kankey and Quarterman (2007) addressed these biases by developing a questionnaire and conducting research centered on Division I softball players in Ohio regarding the factors that influenced their college or university choice. Additionally, Kankey and Quarterman advocated more research utilizing different athlete populations to further analyze college and university choice factors among student athletes. As a result, the purpose of this research is to apply Kankey and Quarterman’s (2007) questionnaire to community college softball players in an attempt to determine: What factors are important to community college softball players when deciding to attend their present school? Statistical analyses indicate the most important choice factor to be head coach. Other important factors include personal relationships, financially-based reasons, and academics. The least important factors included media related issues, school infrastructure, and past coaches. Hossler and Gallagher’s (1987) student choice model is combined with Symbolic Interactionism to explain results, and provides recommendations for college sport practitioners.

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Beyond the Racial Binary: Stacking in Women’s Collegiate Softball

Katherine M. Jamieson, Justine J. Reel, and Diane L. Gill

Differential treatment by race has been documented in sport, including the opportunity to occupy specific positions. Few researchers have examined the theoretical fit of stacking in women’s sport contexts. Moreover, the three published studies of stacking in women’s athletics were examinations of positional segregation for white and African American women only. Binary conceptions of race are no longer sufficient to explain the complexity of power relations that are visible through phenomena such as stacking. This study focused on the stacking of four major racial groups in NCAA Division I softball. Based upon the results, we suggest that stacking of racial-ethnic minority women may occur in patterns different from those identified in previous stacking studies.