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Maria José Tormo, Carmen Navarro, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Xavier Barber, Silvia Argilaga, Antonio Agudo, Pilar Amiano, Aurelio Barricarte, Jose M. Beguiristain, Miren Dorronsoro, Carlos Alberto González, Carmen Martínez, José Ramón Quirós and Mauricio Rodríguez

This study evaluated the dietary pattern of foods and nutrients according to levels of vigorous leisure time physical activity (PA) assessed at recruitment within the Spanish cohort of the European Prospective Investigation on Cancer (EPIC) study (37,287 healthy volunteers with complete information). We used a validated PA questionnaire (PAQ) to measure the weekly frequency and duration of different kinds of sport activities. For dietary assessment, we used a validated diet history questionnaire that included all items consumed with a frequency of at least twice a month. We tested differences in food and nutrient intake according to PA duration by means of both an analysis of variance and an analysis of covariance adjusted for confounding factors. Linear increases or decreases in food and nutrient intake across PA levels were tested by means of a regression analysis. Only 11% of men and 6% of women performed at least 3 hours/week of intense PA, which is similar to current recommendations. Overall, main nutrient and total energy intakes were similar across different PA levels (<2% change in total energy intake between extreme PA categories). However, the intake of some foods and vitamins did significantly (p ≤ .05) increase as PA increased. The average gender-weighted percentage change in the intake of food and vitamins increased when moving from the lowest levels of PA to the highest. There was an increase in the intake of the following: 15.9% in vegetables, 6.7% in fruit, 9% in fish, 5.6% in dairy products, 10% in vitamin C, 5.9% in vitamin E, 7.2% in retinol, 19.7% in total carotene, 40.1% in α-carotene, 20.4% in ß-carotene, 11.2% in licopene, and 26.1% in lutein. BMI, which was above average for the cohort (mean ± SD: 28.4 ± 4.2), decreased steadily when PA increased. To sum up, in this large Spanish cohort, the differences in dietary intake relative to levels of PA were not found either in the amount of total energy consumed nor in the number of main macronutrients but rather in the intake of certain foods which, while having very little or moderate caloric content, are very rich in highly bioactive elements such as vitamins and provitamins.

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Sergio J. Ibáñez, Javier García-Rubio, Antonio Antúnez and Sebastián Feu

ascertain the specific problems of a research topic in the local and international context, facilitating the completion of comparative studies among countries. For example, Ibáñez and Feu ( 2016 ) carried out a comparative study of the scientific literature on the sport of basketball in Spain and Portugal

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Álvaro Cuñado-González, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti and Ángel L. Rodríguez-Fernández

of this study were to describe the prevalence of injuries during 1 season in elite Spanish volleyball leagues and to identify the factors associated with volleyball injuries, including player court position, injury mechanism, type of shoes used when playing, and participation in prevention activities

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César García

Historically, Barcelona Football Club (BFC) has represented one of the pillars of Catalan identity, which earned it the slogan “more than a club.” In recent times, especially under the presidency of Joan Laporta, management has radicalized the club’s political positions by using BFC as a platform to openly promote the independence from Spain of the Catalan region. Despite the fact that most Barcelona fans in Catalonia, as well as in the rest of Spain, have much more moderate political positions, the radicalization of BFC does not appear to have eroded the relationship-building process with Barcelona fandom. This article argues that BFC as an institution still maintains a good relationship with its fans because the social, as well as individual, identity provided by allegiance to a soccer club such as BFC is ultimately more important to members and fans than the club’s political positions.

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Sebastián Feu, Javier García-Rubio, Antonio Antúnez and Sergio Ibáñez

Sport and Coaches in Spain Spain is a modern nation, organized administratively in regions. The national government in the first place and the regional ones, in second place, have the authority to regulate or develop laws related to sport. The sports in schools are regionally organized, though

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Clara Teixidor-Batlle, Carles Ventura Vall-llovera, Justine J. Reel and Ana Andrés

, 2013 ; Reel, Soohoo, Petrie, Greenleaf, & Carter, 2010 ). The WPS-F was later translated into Spanish and validated ( Teixidor Batlle, Ventura, & Andrés, 2017 ). The WPS instrument was subsequently modified for use with male athletes (WPS-M; Galli, Petrie, Reel, Chatterton, & Baghurst, 2013 ; Galli

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Alexandra Valencia-Peris, Joan Úbeda-Colomer, Jorge Lizandra, Carmen Peiró-Velert and José Devís-Devís

weekend), may play in leisure-time active gaming, as they play in traditional forms of physical activity. 26 , 27 Against this backdrop, the purpose of this study was 3-fold: (1) to estimate the prevalence of active gaming in a representative sample of Spanish school adolescents, aged 12 to 18 years; (2

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Sheri J. Hartman, Dori Pekmezi, Shira I. Dunsiger and Bess H. Marcus

activity levels in Latinas 23 – 29 ; however, it is unknown whether targeting physical activity in this group will be sufficient to produce meaningful reductions in sedentary time. Thus, the current study explored secondary outcomes of changes in sedentary time among Spanish-speaking Latinas in a

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Estela Farías-Torbidoni and Demir Barić

also for individuals who specifically sought recreational experience preferences related to enjoying and admiring nature. Similar findings were reported in Farías-Torbidoni et al, 16 who carried out their survey in 5 natural parks in Spain and found that less-active individuals were older and more

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Isaac Estevan, Javier Molina-García, Gavin Abbott, Steve J. Bowe, Isabel Castillo and Lisa M. Barnett

to establish reliability and validity ( Marsh et al., 2002 ). To date, in Spain, a broad view of children’s perception of competence regarding physical education has been studied (e.g., including items such as collaborating with others in a game) ( Ruiz Pérez & Graupera Sanz, 2005 ). However, the