The authors investigated the use of Google Earth’s Street View option to audit the presence of built environment features that support older adults’ walking. Two raters conducted virtual (Street View) and in-the-field audits of 48 street segments surrounding urban and suburban assisted living sites in metropolitan Vancouver, BC, Canada. The authors determined agreement using absolute agreement. Their findings indicate that Street View may identify the presence of features that promote older adults’ walking, including sidewalks, benches, public washrooms, and destinations. However, Street View may not be as reliable as in-the-field audits to identify details associated with certain items, such as counts of trees or street lights; presence, features, and height of curb cuts; and sidewalk continuity, condition, and slope. Thus, the appropriateness of virtual audits to identify microscale built environment features associated with older adults’ walking largely depends on the purpose of the audits—specifically, whether the measurer seeks to capture highly detailed features of the built environment.
Anna M. Chudyk, Meghan Winters, Erin Gorman, Heather A. McKay and Maureen C. Ashe
Jordan A. Carlson, J. Aaron Hipp, Jacqueline Kerr, Todd S. Horowitz and David Berrigan
environment and behavior may be observed. Auditing of environments supporting physical activity and healthy eating is moving from pen and paper observational audits to digital audits and online evaluation via Google Street View (GSV) ( Bader, Mooney, Bennett, & Rundle, 2017 ; Bader et al., 2015 ; Eyler et
Kevin Lanza, Brian Stone Jr, Paul M. Chakalian, Carina J. Gronlund, David M. Hondula, Larissa Larsen, Evan Mallen and Regine Haardörfer
.1016/S0140-6736(16)30581-5 10. Villeneuve P , Ysseldyk R , Root A , et al . Comparing the normalized difference vegetation index with the Google Street view measure of vegetation to assess associations between greenness, walkability, recreational physical activity, and health in Ottawa, Canada
Stephen Hunter, Andrei Rosu, Kylie D. Hesketh, Ryan E. Rhodes, Christina M. Rinaldi, Wendy Rodgers, John C. Spence and Valerie Carson
® Streetfiles, CanMap ® Route Logistics, and Google Earth Street View. A higher score indicates greater walkability. The safety domain was represented by Crime Against Persons, Crime Against Property (CAP) Index Inc (Exton, PA) crime scores. Crime scores were obtained and aggregated into the digital