This research primarily aimed to examine the compatibility of teaching perspectives of teachers with the Physical Education (PE) curriculum in China. The Teaching Perspective Inventory (Pratt, 1998) was used to collect data from 272 PE teachers. Descriptive statistics, MANOVAs, and correlational procedures were used for quantitative data analysis. Results indicated that PE teachers had a common pattern of a single dominant teaching perspective. Student personal growth was addressed but less attention was given to changes in society and learners’ thinking. The findings suggest that the teachers’ perspectives may be incompatible with the focus of the current Chinese PE curriculum. Furthermore, the significant correlations among the teaching perspectives reflect the interdependence of these viewpoints. As a result, teachers’ perspectives on teaching need to be considered thoroughly when PE reformers attempt to modify the curricula. Finally, gender, years of teaching experience, and teaching level were the factors associated with the variation in teaching perspectives. However, academic degree and sampling methods (convenient sampling and random sampling) were not.
Lijuan Wang, Amy Sau-ching Ha, and Xu Wen
Andrew M. Holwerda, Freek G. Bouwman, Miranda Nabben, Ping Wang, Janneau van Kranenburg, Annemie P. Gijsen, Jatin G. Burniston, Edwin C.M. Mariman, and Luc J.C. van Loon
.643 Cytosolic TERA Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase 1 3.884 ± 0.895 3.609 ± 0.987 −7 .739 0.907 Cytosolic TPIS Triosephosphate isomerase 11 1.416 ± 0.240 2.303 ± 1.012 63 .213 0.643 Average values, cytosolic proteins ( n = 44) 2.420 ± 0.587 3.070 ± 1.267 27 .200 – Mitochondrial ACADL Long
Sophie Speariett and Ross Armstrong
. 27. Gulgin HR , Schulte BC , Crawley AA . Correlation of Titleist Performance Institute (TPI) level 1 movement screens and golf swing faults . J Strength Cond Res . 2014 ; 28 ( 2 ): 534 – 539 . PubMed ID: 24476744 doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31829b2ac4 24476744 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31829b2ac4 28