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Anne Sofie B. Malling, Bo M. Morberg, Lene Wermuth, Ole Gredal, Per Bech and Bente R. Jensen

QoL may occur. However, whether task complexity influences such associations has not been studied systematically. Currently, the golden standard measure for clinical severity of PD is the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) ( Fahn, Elton, & Members of the UPDRS Development Committee, 1987

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Martin H. Rose, Annemette Løkkegaard, Stig Sonne-Holm and Bente R. Jensen

We investigated lower-extremity isometric tremor Approximate Entropy (irregularity), torque steadiness and rate of force development (RFD) and their associations to muscle activation strategy during isometric knee extensions in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Thirteen male patients with idiopathic PD and 15 neurologically healthy matched controls performed isometric maximal contractions (extension/flexion) as well as steady submaximal and powerful isometric knee extensions. The patients with PD showed decreased isometric tremor irregularity. Torque steadiness was reduced in PD and the patients had increased muscle coactivation. A markedly lower RFD was found in PD and the decreased RFD correlated with reduced agonist muscle activation. Furthermore, patient RFD correlated with the Movement-Disorder-Society-Unified-Parkinson’s-Disease-Rating-Scale 3 (motor part) scores. We concluded that both knee isometric tremor Approximate Entropy and torque steadiness clearly differentiate between patients with PD and healthy controls. Furthermore, severely compromised RFD was found in patients with PD and was associated with decreased agonist muscle activation.

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Amanda L. Penko, Jacob E. Barkley, Anson B. Rosenfeldt and Jay L. Alberts

Movement Disorders Society Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale Motor III (MDS-UPDRS). The MDS-UPDRS Motor III is the most commonly utilized rating exam to classify and assesses motor symptoms of PD with higher scores indicating greater motor symptoms. 28 Fall frequency over the past 30 days were

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Anson B. Rosenfeldt, Amanda L. Penko, Andrew S. Bazyk, Matthew C. Streicher, Tanujit Dey and Jay L. Alberts

individuals with neurological disease ( Rossier & Wade, 2001 ). The Movement Disorder Society-Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale Part III (MDS-UPDRS III) motor subscale ( Goetz et al., 2008 ) was assessed by a blind rater as a measure of disease severity. Overground Walking Overground 2MWT was conducted

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Hanan Khalil, Mahmoud A. Alomari, Omar Khabour, Aya Al-Hieshan and Jawad A. Bajwa

, demographic and clinical data were recorded. These included age, sex, years of education, use of walking aid, cardiovascular and musculoskeletal comorbidities, daily dose of L-dopa, duration of disease, HY stage, and the Movement Disorders Society Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) motor

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Carolina Menezes Fiorelli, Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac, Lucas Simieli, Fabiana Araújo Silva, Bianca Fernandes, Gustavo Christofoletti and Fabio Augusto Barbieri

according to the Declaration of Helsinki. All patients signed consent before participation. Clinical Evaluation Patients were evaluated using the motor section of the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale-III 28 and the Hoehn and Yahr score, to determine the degree and stage of disease, respectively

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Victor Spiandor Beretta, Fabio Augusto Barbieri, Diego Orcioli-Silva, Paulo Cezar Rocha dos Santos, Lucas Simieli, Rodrigo Vitório and Lilian Teresa Bucken Gobbi

.21 ± 7.35 1.92 ± 0.35 23.92 ± 10.19 28.50 ± 1.66 Note. Data are presented as mean ± SD . H&Y = Hoehn and Yahr Scale; UPDRS III = Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale motor portion III; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination. Prospective Analysis of Falls The analysis of falls occurrence was realized

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Lei Zhou, Marie-Anne Gougeon and Julie Nantel

walking speed, in unified Parkinson’s disease rating scale motor scores and balance scores compared to a traditional walking training program ( Monteiro et al., 2016 ). However, to our knowledge, no studies investigated the impact of NW on gait power profiles to explain the underlying improvements in gait

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Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French and Kevin A. Becker

doi:10.2522/ptj.20150668 10.2522/ptj.20150668 Steffen , T. , & Seney , M. ( 2008 ). Test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change on balance and ambulation tests, the 36-item short-form health survey, and the unified Parkinson’s disease rating scale in people with parkinsonism . Physical