during throw). Depending upon the geographical region, process-oriented or product-oriented measures may be more prevalent. For instance, process-oriented assessments such as the Test of Gross Motor Development, 2nd Edition (TGMD-2; Ulrich, 2000 ) are typically used in the United States (US) while
Ali Brian, Farid Bardid, Lisa M. Barnett, Frederik J.A. Deconinck, Matthieu Lenoir and Jacqueline D. Goodway
Christopher R. Barnhill, W. Andrew Czekanski and Adam G. Pfleegor
their interest in issues surrounding sports or perceived job opportunities. Outside of the United States, Sibson ( 2010 ) indicated passion and interest as important factors along with career opportunities. Compared with the surveys in the United States, prestige and salary were less important for
Bryan E. Denham
Consistent with recent measures of public opinion ( McCarthy, 2018 ; Newport, 2016 ; Swift, 2017 ), scholars have characterized race relations in the United States as “fluid and volatile” ( Richeson & Sommers, 2016 , p. 439). Quantitatively, a March 2017 Gallup poll indicated that 42 percent of
Garrett S. Bullock, Taylor Chapman, Thomas Joyce, Robert Prengle, Taylor Stern and Robert J. Butler
There is an increasing percentage of international players within Major League Baseball. 1 It has been reported that 25% of Major League Baseball and 40% of Minor League Baseball players come from outside the United States (US), 1 , 2 with the highest percentage throughout all of professional
Lori A. Gano-Overway and Kristen Dieffenbach
In 2016, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS; U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2018 ) reported that there were 276,100 sport coaching positions within the United States of America (USA). The BLS also noted that the typical educational path for these jobs was completion of a
Over the past 30 years almost all world-class United States sprinters have been black. There were also many fast black sprinters in the United States before the 1960s, but in addition there were a considerable number of world-class white sprinters. In fact, during the 1940s and 1950s the fastest men were white. This was not the case during the 1930s, when the best male sprinters were black. This essay discusses the phenomenon and attempts to give reasons for it. Sociological explanations seem considerably more plausible than physical characteristics based on perceived racial differences.
Jim Decker and Paul Jansma
For over 15 years it has been public policy to educate students with disabilities, to the maximum extent possible, in the least restrictive environment (LRE) alongside their peers without disabilities. However, scarce empirical data exist documenting nationwide efforts to comply with the LRE mandate. The purpose of this study was to determine what types of LRE continua are in use in physical education throughout the United States. Subjects were physical education personnel in 452 schools throughout the United States. Data were collected regarding the usage of physical education LRE placement continua across enrollment level, grade range, metro status, and geographic region. Results indicate that while numerous (N = 26) physical education LRE continua were used during the 1988-89 school year, in most cases students with disabilities received physical education in a regular class setting with little or no access to adapted physical education. These results indicate that the utility of traditional physical education LRE placement continua may be suspect.
Michael Milano and Packianathan Chelladurai
With a view of verifying the optimistic forecasts of the growth of the sport industry, the paper presents an estimate of the size of the sport industry in 2005 and compares it to a 1995 estimate provided by Meek (1997). Following the methodology of Meek and the guidelines put forth by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (2007), we present three estimates for the size of the Gross Domestic Sport Product (GDSP) of the United States of America in 2005—conservative estimate of $168.469 billion, moderate estimate of $189.338 billion, and the liberal estimate of $207.503 billion. A comparison of the moderate estimate with Meek’s 1995 estimate shows that the size of sport industry, in relative terms, actually declined. The sources of the data, rationale for three different estimates, and the values for the components of the GDSP are described and explained.
Nels Popp, Jason Miller and Marion Hambrick
The United States Tennis Association is the National Governing Body for tennis in the U.S. and is comprised of three major divisions: (a) professional tennis, (b) player development, and (c) community tennis. The USTA’s signature event and primary source of income is the U.S. Open tennis tournament. The organization currently faces several challenges, including two issues which have received significant media attention. The USTA currently lags behind several other nations in developing elite young players, despite the U.S. having large participant numbers. Also, financially-speaking, the U.S. Open is a highly successful event, but its largest show court lacks a roof, which has proven costly as several championship events have been postponed due to weather. The challenge of this case study is for students to develop a strategic plan for how the USTA can best use their resources to grow tennis in the United States.
Melissa Parker, Sue Sutherland, Christina Sinclair and Phillip Ward
The purpose of this qualitative study was to initiate a discussion and explore reactions to PETE doctoral education in the United States. A purposeful sample of 27 representatives from doctoral and non doctoral granting programs in the U.S. was interviewed. Analysis resulted in four themes: (a) Is the dog wagging its tail or the tail wagging the dog? (b) Frame of reference = Self, (c) There is a core, but different roads lead to Rome, and (d) Regulating deregulation. It was concluded that a shared view of expectations for the PETE doctorate is existent, but inconsistent; future faculty may not be well-prepared; most of what faculty would like to change is tied to political and economic demands; and PETE faculty believe that we should hold ourselves accountable for introducing, but not institutionalizing change. Overall this study suggests PETE-D education in the United States may be at a critical crossroad.