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Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Kara D. Denstel, Kim Beals, Christopher Bolling, Carly Wright, Scott E. Crouter, Thomas L. McKenzie, Russell R. Pate, Brian E. Saelens, Amanda E. Staiano, Heidi I. Stanish, and Susan B. Sisson

Background:

The 2016 United States (U.S.) Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth provides a comprehensive evaluation of physical activity levels and factors influencing physical activity among children and youth.

Methods:

The report card includes 10 indicators: Overall Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Active Transportation, Organized Sport Participation, Active Play, Health-related Fitness, Family and Peers, School, Community and the Built Environment, and Government Strategies and Investments. Nationally representative data were used to evaluate the indicators using a standard grading rubric.

Results:

Sufficient data were available to assign grades to 7 of the indicators, and these ranged from B- for Community and the Built Environment to F for Active Transportation. Overall Physical Activity received a grade of D- due to the low prevalence of meeting physical activity guidelines. A grade of D was assigned to Health-related Fitness, reflecting the low prevalence of meeting cardiorespiratory fitness standards. Disparities across age, gender, racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups were observed for several indicators.

Conclusions:

Continued poor grades suggest that additional work is required to provide opportunities for U.S. children to be physically active. The observed disparities indicate that special attention should be given to girls, minorities, and those from lower socioeconomic groups when implementing intervention strategies.

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Hendrik Snyders

society following the release of political prisoners and the unbanning of formerly prohibited organizations. Notes 1. See, for example, Sebastian Johann Shore Potgieter, “‘Barbed-Wire Boks’: The Long Shadow of the 1981 Springbok Tour of New Zealand and the United States of America” (PhD diss

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Lori Gano-Overway, Pete Van Mullem, Melissa Long, Melissa Thompson, Bob Benham, Christine Bolger, Andrew Driska, Anthony Moreno, and Dan Schuster

and Physical Education, 2006 ) used within the United States of America (USA). The purpose of this paper is to explain the history of the NSSC, review the revision process for updating the standards, describe the newly-revised NSSC, and outline how the revised standards can be used to improve coaching

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Eugene C. Fitzhugh, Jerry Everett, and Linda Daugherty

Compared with other regions in the country, the Southeast United States of America (US) is lacking in a pedestrian- and bicycle-friendly transportation infrastructure. 1 As a result of this low level of active transportation infrastructure, the built environment of the Southeast US tends to

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Michael Milano and Packianathan Chelladurai

With a view of verifying the optimistic forecasts of the growth of the sport industry, the paper presents an estimate of the size of the sport industry in 2005 and compares it to a 1995 estimate provided by Meek (1997). Following the methodology of Meek and the guidelines put forth by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (2007), we present three estimates for the size of the Gross Domestic Sport Product (GDSP) of the United States of America in 2005—conservative estimate of $168.469 billion, moderate estimate of $189.338 billion, and the liberal estimate of $207.503 billion. A comparison of the moderate estimate with Meek’s 1995 estimate shows that the size of sport industry, in relative terms, actually declined. The sources of the data, rationale for three different estimates, and the values for the components of the GDSP are described and explained.

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Scott B. Martin, Peggy A. Richardson, Karen H. Weiller, and Allen W. Jackson

During the past decade females have had more opportunities to participate in sports at various levels than ever before. These opportunities and the recognition received due to their success may have changed peoples’ views regarding same-sex role models, perceived parental encouragement, and expectations of success. Thus, the purpose of the study was to explore role models, perceived encouragement to participate in youth sport from parents, and sport expectations of adolescent athletes and their parents living in the United States of America. A questionnaire was administered to 426 adolescent athletes who competed in youth sport leagues and to one parent within each family unit (n=426). Chi square analysis indicated significant relationships between athletes’ gender and the gender of their role model and between parents’ gender and the gender of their role model (p = .0001). DM MANOVA revealed a significant multivariate difference for adolescent athletes and their parents on the questions concerning expectations for future athletic success. Post hoc analyses indicated that the athletes were more likely than their parents to believe that they could play at the college, Olympic, or professional levels. In addition, boys were more likely than girls to believe that they could play at the college, Olympic, and professional levels.

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Robert Glenn Weaver, Rafael M. Tassitano, Maria Cecília M. Tenório, Keith Brazendale, and Michael W. Beets

 al 57 Denmark 2010 8 AM–2 PM 315.8 Longitudinal 4 schools; n = 316 10–14 y; 53.2% girls; NR; NR Brittin et al 58 United States of America 2011/2012 NR 406.7 Natural experiment 2 schools; n = 53 8.5 y, 52.8% girls; NR; 32% minority Brusseau et al 59 United States of America 2014 8 AM–3 PM NR Cross

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International Sport Coaching Journal

DIGEST VOLUME 7, ISSUE #1

moments. Such information can be important for the development of appropriate coaching education curriculum according to game demands specificities. Practitioner Perceptions of Evidence-Based Practice in Elite Sport in the United States of America Fullaghar, H., Harper, L., Govus, A., McCunn, R

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John Horne

culturally this signaled that Japan had begun to throw off dependence upon United States of America (USA) popular culture and “Americanization”. With this came an interest in developing sports on a professional basis which had not been so closely associated with the USA—the most notable being association

Open access

Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Kara D. Denstel, Kim Beals, Jordan Carlson, Scott E. Crouter, Thomas L. McKenzie, Russell R. Pate, Susan B. Sisson, Amanda E. Staiano, Heidi Stanish, Dianne S. Ward, Melicia Whitt-Glover, and Carly Wright

children and youth . J Phys Act Health . 2014 ; 11 ( suppl 1 ): S105 – S112 . doi:10.1123/jpah.2014-0184 10.1123/jpah.2014-0184 25426905 6. Katzmarzyk PT , Denstel KN , Beals K , et al . Results from the United States of America’s 2016 report card on physical activity for children and youth