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Examining Physical Activity for Individuals With Disabilities Through a Social Justice Lens

Martin E. Block and Abby Fines

disabilities often reflect favorable views of their own lives. Those without disabilities overemphasize difficulties that are the core of their own views of disability (“she must be so sad having to sit in a wheelchair all day”) without being able to see the individual in a broader context, including positive

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Achieving a Socially Just Society: Kinesiology’s Role and Responsibility in Disrupting the Status Quo

Karen P. DePauw

. Change is about disrupting the status quo and moving toward access, equity, and inclusion. What follows are three narratives about achieving a socially just society: sport and social constructs, ableism and APA, and the responsibility kinesiology has for assuring a sustainable future. Sport and Social

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First and Second Step Characteristics of Amputee and Able-Bodied Sprinters

Gerda Strutzenberger, Adam Brazil, Timothy Exell, Hans von Lieres und Wilkau, John D. Davies, Steffen Willwacher, Johannes Funken, Ralf Müller, Kai Heinrich, Hermann Schwameder, Wolfgang Potthast, and Gareth Irwin

In sprint events, the early acceleration phase (defined here as the first and second steps from the blocks) is used to accelerate the center of mass (COM) horizontally and vertically. 1 , 2 In able-bodied (AB) elite athletes, the first and second steps account for approximately 5% of the total 100

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The Supercrip Athlete in Media: Model of Inspiration or Able-Bodied Hegemony?

Danielle Sterba, Jessie N. Stapleton, and Winston Kennedy

effects. Embedded within the definition of the supercrip athlete may be the idea of ableism. According to Coakley ( 2017 ), ableism is defined as “an evaluative perspective in which the label of disability marks a person as inferior and incapable of full participation in mainstream activities” (p. 295

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Simulating Others’ Realities: Insiders Reflect on Disability Simulations

Jennifer Leo and Donna Goodwin

The purpose of this interpretative phenomenological analysis study was to explore the meaning persons who experience disability ascribed to disability simulations as a pedagogical tool. Reflective writing, one-on-one interviews, and field notes were used to gather information on disability simulation use in a required postsecondary kinesiology course. Seven people who use wheelchairs full time (3 men, 4 women), ranging in age from 28 to 44 yr (average age = 36) shared their perspectives. The thematic analysis revealed 3 themes. The theme “Disability Mentors Required” revealed the participants’ collective questioning of their absence from the design and implementation of disability simulations. “Life Is Not a Simulation” illustrated the juxtaposition of disability reality and disability simulations. “Why Are They Laughing?” contrasted the use of fun as a strategy to engage students against the risk of distracting them from deeper reflection. Through the lens of ableism, the importance of disability representation in the development and implementation of disability simulations was affirmed as a means to deepen pedagogical reflexiveness of their intended use.

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Comparing Developmental Trajectories of Elite Able-Bodied and Wheelchair Basketball Players

Nima Dehghansai, Daniel Spedale, Melissa J. Wilson, and Joseph Baker

In recent decades, research pertaining to able-bodied (AB) athletes’ development has seen tremendous growth, while little attention has been given to Para sport athletes ( Dehghansai, Lemez, Wattie, & Baker, 2017a ). This is surprising, considering the growth of Para sport systems across the globe

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Adapted Physical Activity Scholarship: Evolving From Corrective to Inclusion and Anti-Ableist

Karen P. DePauw

in general and a few about rethinking disability, inclusion and ableism. As shown in Table  2 , the range of topics for APA research is broad. The topics in the first decade are a reflection of an emerging discipline (research issues, professional organization, history) and of societal trends

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“I Thought It Was Going to Be Trash”: Rural High School Students’ Disability-Related Perception Change Following Paralympic School Day

Cathy McKay, T.N. Kirk, and Marie Leake

and moving forward in the chair was hard” (Participants 8 and 31). Participants also recalled their surprise that the parasports they tried had much higher skill demands than they had imagined. Participant 2 shared, “Personally, I think it takes more skill [than stand up basketball]. They were able to

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Multifidus Denervation After Radiofrequency Ablation of the Medial Nerve Alters the Biomechanics of the Spine—A Computational Study

Faris A. Almalki and Daniel H. Cortes

therapy. However, if physical therapy is not effective, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the medial nerve is often prescribed. 9 In RFA, a thermal lesion is performed to destroy the medial nerve. Since the facet joints are innervated by the medial branch nerve from 2 spine levels, 2-level ablations are

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Three-Dimensional Kinematics and Power Output in Elite Para-Kayakers and Elite Able-Bodied Flat-Water Kayakers

Anna Bjerkefors, Johanna S. Rosén, Olga Tarassova, and Anton Arndt

study on a group of elite able-bodied kayakers 1 and new data on athletes from the 3 classification groups of elite level para-kayakers were investigated during high-intensity kayak ergometer paddling. The first purpose of this study was to examine if there were any significant differences in stroke