to enlist the support of parents for policy changes that are pro-physical education. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to examine the influence of acculturation on parents’ reading of and expectations for physical education. The specific sub-questions that guided the study were (a) How do
Influence of Acculturation on Parents’ Readings of and Expectations for Physical Education
Meredith George and Matthew D. Curtner-Smith
The Acculturation Experiences of Elite Rugby Union Coaches
Andrew J.A. Hall, Cedric English, Leigh W. Jones, Tony Westbury, and Russell Martindale
the conflicting viewpoints ( Khomutova, 2016 ). The process that any newcomer—including sporting migrants—goes through to psychologically adapt to the habits and practices common to the host country’s culture is called acculturation. According to Berry ( 1997 )—a recognized scholastic leader in this
What Occupational Socialization Factors Influence Preservice Teachers to Possess Fitness Orientations?
Craig Parkes and Michael A. Hemphill
enter the field of physical education and that later are responsible for their perceptions and actions as teacher educators and teachers” (p. 107). Physical education teachers experience three distinct socialization stages throughout their careers, acculturation, professional, and organizational
Perceived Environmental Barriers and Behavioral Factors as Possible Mediators Between Acculturation and Leisure-Time Physical Activity Among Mexican American Adults
Carla L. Dellaserra, Noe C. Crespo, Michael Todd, Jennifer Huberty, and Sonia Vega-López
the Healthy People 2020 guidelines for PA (36.1%), compared with non-Hispanic blacks (37.3%), Asian American or Pacific Islanders (44.5%), and non-Hispanic whites (53.4%). 13 – 15 Existing evidence regarding associations between acculturation and PA behaviors of Mexican American (MA) adults has been
Pierre Pasquier, l’inventeur d’une « politique des sports » en Indochine
match sont tous Annamites. Des membres de la famille impériale se sont déplacés pour l’occasion dont la princesse Tan Phong, son mari Nguyen Huu Kham et leurs enfants, ainsi que le prince Vinh Can, qui offre une coupe au vainqueur. 56 Il est indéniable que cette acculturation aux sports est devenue une
Gender Differences in Sociodemographic and Behavioral Influences of Physical Activity in Mexican-Origin Adolescents
Larkin L. Strong, Cheryl B. Anderson, Patricia Y. Miranda, Melissa L. Bondy, Renke Zhou, Carol Etzel, Margaret Spitz, and Anna V. Wilkinson
Understanding the factors that contribute to physical activity (PA) in Mexican-origin adolescents is essential to the design of effective efforts to enhance PA participation in this population.
Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify sociodemographic and behavioral correlates of self-reported PA in school and community settings in 1154 Mexican-origin adolescents aged 12–17 years in Houston, TX.
The majority of adolescents were born in the US (74%), approximately half (51%) were overweight or obese, and nearly three-quarters (73%) watched more than 2 hours of weekday television. Similarities and differences by setting and gender were observed in the relationships between sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics and PA. In boys, parental education and attending physical education (PE) were positively associated with PA across multiple PA outcomes. Adolescent linguistic acculturation was inversely associated with participation in community sports, whereas parental linguistic acculturation was positively associated with PA at school. In girls, PA in school and community settings was inversely associated with TV viewing and positively associated with PE participation.
These findings highlight similarities and differences in correlates of PA among boys and girls, and point toward potential sources of opportunities as well as disparities for PA behaviors in Mexican-origin adolescents.
Acculturation Is Associated with Higher VO2max in Overweight Hispanic Children
Noé C. Crespo, Geoff D.C. Ball, Gabriel Q. Shaibi, Martha L. Cruz, Marc J. Weigensberg, and Michael I. Goran
Acculturation has been implicated to be associated with physical activity (PA) behaviors in adults; little is known, however, with respect to the pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to determine whether cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) and/or PA were associated with acculturation status in overweight Hispanic children. In a sample of 144 children 8–13 years old, acculturation status was determined by place of birth: foreign born (n = 17), 1st generation (n = 101), or 2nd/3rd generation (n = 26), and by questionnaire: less assimilated (n = 76) or more assimilated (n = 34). VO2max was measured using a treadmill protocol, PA was assessed by questionnaire, and body composition by DEXA. ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to determine unadjusted and adjusted group differences, respectively. After adjusting for covariates, the 2nd/3rd generation group had significantly higher VO2max compared with the 1st generation group: 2.26 ± 0.20 L/min vs. 2.15 ± 0.19 L/min, p = .03. No differences were noted for PA, however. Acculturation to the U.S. is associated with higher VO2max in overweight Hispanic children. Longitudinal analyses are needed to determine whether these fitness differences confer protective health effects in this at-risk population.
Correlates of Outdoor Time in Schoolchildren From Families Speaking Nonofficial Languages at Home: A Multisite Canadian Study
Ransimala Nayakarathna, Nimesh B. Patel, Cheryl Currie, Guy Faulkner, Negin A. Riazi, Mark S. Tremblay, François Trudeau, and Richard Larouche
studies have discussed gender-stratified results. In 2016, > 35% of Canadian children were from immigrant backgrounds, and these numbers are steadily increasing. 8 Immigration is commonly associated with an acculturation process during which immigrants undergo psychological and behavioral changes when
Influence of Occupational Socialization on Elementary Physical Education Teachers’ Beliefs and Curricula
Laura Prior and Matthew Curtner-Smith
and value orientations ( Lawson, 1983a , 1983b ; Richards, Templin & Graber, 2014 ; Templin & Richards, 2014 ; Wright, 2001 ). During the acculturation phase of socialization, prior to physical education teacher education (PETE), for instance, prospective physical education teachers have been
A Composite Vignette on Striving to Become “Someone” in My New Sport System: The Critical Acculturation of Immigrant Athletes
Robert Joel Schinke, Amy T. Blodgett, Kerry R. McGannon, Yang Ge, Odirin Oghene, and Michelle Seanor
This study explores a composite vignette of athletes acculturating in a national sport system. The research questions were: What acculturation narratives did the athletes’ construct when they considered the notion of their receiving culture’s national sport system? And within these, what are the key challenges in relation to support that the athletes storied about their receiving culture’s national sport system as they sought to acculturate? The research was framed in critical acculturation (see Chirkov, 2009a, 2009b). The fluid process of acculturation is illustrated using creative nonfiction presenting one unifying voice presented within a composite vignettes (see Spalding & Phillips, 2007). The three themes in the acculturation vignette were as follows: (a) nothing but love—a nationalistic romance, (b) losing my romance with nationalism, and (c) dollars in exchange for newcomer results. This project reveals how immigrant elite athletes can move between distinct narratives that can contradict one another.