practices of practitioners (e.g., physical educators, coaches, and other movement educators). Fitts’ law ( 1954 ) and its application, the speed-accuracy trade-off, are well-known principles that can be applied to many fundamental movements and performance ( Urbin, Stodden, Fischman, & Weimer, 2011
Sergio L. Molina and David F. Stodden
Kayla J. Nuss, Joseph L. Sanford, Lucas J. Archambault, Ethan J. Schlemer, Sophie Blake, Jimikaye Beck Courtney, Nicholas A. Hulett and Kaigang Li
to an inaccurate HR reading, these consumers may be at risk for cardiac complications ( Karvonen & Vuorimaa, 1988 ; Thompson, Arena, Riebe, & Pescatello, 2013 ). Other groups also benefit from accuracy in HR estimation. In both elite athletes and recreational exercisers, HR monitors have been
Andrea L. Hergenroeder, Bethany Barone Gibbs, Mary P. Kotlarczyk, Subashan Perera, Robert J. Kowalsky and Jennifer S. Brach
activity in older adults, there are several gaps in the current knowledge related to the accuracy of the monitors in counting steps. Previous studies have examined the ability of activity monitors to count steps in adults during treadmill walking ( Chow, Thom, Wewege, Ward, & Parmenter, 2017 ; Wong
Dominic Thewlis, Chris Bishop, Nathan Daniell and Gunther Paul
The objective quantification of three-dimensional kinematics during different functional and occupational tasks is now more in demand than ever. The introduction of new generation of low-cost passive motion capture systems from a number of manufacturers has made this technology accessible for teaching, clinical practice and in small/medium industry. Despite the attractive nature of these systems, their accuracy remains unproved in independent tests. We assessed static linear accuracy, dynamic linear accuracy and compared gait kinematics from a Vicon MX-f20 system to a Natural Point OptiTrack system. In all experiments data were sampled simultaneously. We identified both systems perform excellently in linear accuracy tests with absolute errors not exceeding 1%. In gait data there was again strong agreement between the two systems in sagittal and coronal plane kinematics. Transverse plane kinematics differed by up to 3° at the knee and hip, which we attributed to the impact of soft tissue artifact accelerations on the data. We suggest that low-cost systems are comparably accurate to their high-end competitors and offer a platform with accuracy acceptable in research for laboratories with a limited budget.
Dominique van Roon, Bert Steenbergen and Ruud G.J. Meulenbroek
People with cerebral palsy (CP) are known to rely heavily on visual guidance when making targeted upper-limb movements. In the present study, we examined whether being able to visually monitor the moving limb forms a precondition for people with CP to make accurate upper-limb movements. Eight participants with tetraparetic CP and eight controls were asked to produce large-amplitude, straight-line drawing movements on a digitizing tablet. In half the trials, vision of the moving limb was blocked. Accuracy constraints were manipulated by varying the width of the target and by imposing a maximum width of the movement path. Surprisingly, when vision was blocked movement accuracy was comparable in the two groups. Thus, people with tetraparetic CP do not strictly require constant vision of their moving limb to make accurate upper-limb movements. They compensated for the lack of visual information, however, by prolonging movement time. Using a high pen force proved a general strategic adaptation, possibly to filter out unwanted noise from the motor system or to enhance proprioceptive input.
Sheila M. Korpan, Jenessa L. Schafer, Kaylie C.S. Wilson and Sandra C. Webber
Accelerometer step count accuracy may be affected by gait speed, device positioning, and analysis algorithm selection. We assessed ActiGraph GT3X+ step count accuracy related to device placement and analysis algorithm in older adults with walking aids (n = 13) and without walking aids (n = 22). Participants (81.5 ± 5.0 years of age) completed a timed 100-m walk wearing five GT3X+ monitors (hips, ankles, lumbar spine). Individuals with walking aids had slower gait speeds (0.8 ± 0.20 m/s versus 1.2 ± 0.20 m/s without walking aids, p < .001). Intraclass correlation coefficient values for observed versus monitored steps were highest when ankle placement and the low frequency extension (LFE) algorithm were used (left ankle ICC = .989, right ankle ICC = .998). Using the GT3X+ ankle placement and analyzing data with the LFE algorithm resulted in the most accurate step counts in older adults.
Gustavo Ramos Dalla Bernardina, Tony Monnet, Heber Teixeira Pinto, Ricardo Machado Leite de Barros, Pietro Cerveri and Amanda Piaia Silvatti
position of markers on the limbs, which are used in the computation of body segment and joint kinematics. Despite their high 3D reconstruction accuracy (1∶10,000), 1 – 3 usually expressed by the ratio between 3D marker reconstruction error and the size of the working volume, 1 their high cost is a
Yann Le Mansec, Jérôme Perez, Quentin Rouault, Julie Doron and Marc Jubeau
that the probability of hitting a target, that is, accuracy, was greater for the skilled players when compared with unskilled players. Neuromuscular fatigue, which can be defined as a loss of force (or power) production capacity accompanied by an increase in the effort required to perform the exercise
Manuel Terraza-Rebollo and Ernest Baiget
The tennis serve plays an important role in determining the final outcome of a match 1 – 3 ; its effectiveness is determined by velocity, spin, reliability, and accuracy, 1 , 2 and particularly, ball velocity has been shown to be a key point in a successful play. 3 Moreover, it should be pointed
Behrouz Abdoli, James Hardy, Javad F. Riyahi and Alireza Farsi
, confidence, and effort) inducing benefits of motivational self-talk. In the case of accuracy based tasks, instructional self-talk was proposed to be helpful because it facilitates performers’ understanding of task requirements helping them to attend to task relevant cues aiding their concentration during