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The Influence of a Motivational Climate Intervention on Participants’ Salivary Cortisol and Psychological Responses

Candace M. Hogue, Mary D. Fry, Andrew C. Fry, and Sarah D. Pressman

Research in achievement goal perspective theory suggests that the creation of a caring/task-involving (C/TI) climate results in more advantageous psychological and behavioral responses relative to an ego-involving (EI) climate; however, research has not yet examined the physiological consequences associated with psychological stress in relation to climate. Given the possible health and fitness implications of certain physiological stress responses, it is critical to understand this association. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine whether an EI climate procures increases in the stress-responsive hormone cortisol, as well as negative psychological changes, following the learning of a new skill, compared with a C/TI climate. Participants (n = 107) were randomized to a C/TI or an EI climate in which they learned how to juggle for 30 min over the course of 2 hr. Seven salivary cortisol samples were collected during this period. Results indicated that EI participants experienced greater cortisol responses after the juggling session and significantly greater anxiety, stress, shame, and self-consciousness relative to C/TI participants. In contrast, the C/TI participants reported greater enjoyment, effort, self-confidence, and interest and excitement regarding future juggling than the EI participants. These findings indicate that motivational climates may have a significant impact on both the physiological and psychological responses of participants.

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Relationship Between Motivational Climate to Body Esteem and Social Physique Anxiety Within College Physical Activity Classes

Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry

-related reasons. Achievement goal perspective theory (AGPT; Nicholls, 1989 ; Roberts, 2012 ) is one framework that has been employed in exercise psychology research to consider how to optimize individuals’ motivation in physical activity settings. Two distinct motivational climates can be created by instructors

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The Relationship Between the Perceived Motivational Climate in Elite Collegiate Sport and Athlete Psychological Coping Skills

Mary D. Fry, Candace M. Hogue, Susumu Iwasaki, and Gloria B. Solomon

stressor, including altering the meaning or significance of the stressor. There is a scarcity of research examining specific, controllable factors that facilitate the development of psychological coping skills in athletes. A body of research utilizing Nicholls’ achievement goal perspective theory (AGPT

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Psychosocial Climates Differentially Predict 12- to 14-Year-Old Competitive Soccer Players’ Goal Orientations

E. Whitney G. Moore and Karen Weiller-Abels

Youth’s likelihood of participating in sport increases when they maintain a focus on enjoyment, learning, and effort (i.e., task goal orientation) rather than how they compare to others and norms (i.e., ego goal orientation). Achievement goal theory research consistently illustrates the significant influence of leader-created motivational climates on their participants’ goal orientation adoption. However, the influence of caring climate perceptions by highly competitive adolescent athletes on their goal orientation adoption has yet to be examined. Thus, this study assessed how competitive, adolescent soccer players’ perceptions of the climate as caring, task-, and ego-involving predicted their adoption of task and ego goal orientations. Players (N = 152, 62% female, 12–14 years of age) in the Olympic Development Program completed a survey that included measures of the caring climate, task-involving and ego-involving motivational climates, and task and ego goal orientations in soccer. Path analyses revealed males’ task goal orientation was significantly predicted by caring and task-involving climate perceptions. Females’ task goal orientation was significantly predicted by their task-involving climate perceptions. Ego goal orientation was significantly predicted by all athletes’ ego-involving climate perceptions. This is the first study to support the importance of fostering a high caring, as well as high task-involving, and low ego-involving climate when working with highly competitive adolescent athletes to keep their task goal orientation high. Research replicating this study is warranted to provide further support for these relationships longitudinally and across ages and sexes.

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General Mindfulness Differentially Predicted by Male and Female Exercisers’ Perceptions of Motivational Climate and Goal Orientations

Kristen Lucas and E. Whitney G. Moore

prior extensions of Achievement Goal Perspective Theory–based research in the exercise domain ( Huddleston, Fry, & Brown, 2012 ), the significant relationships seen among athletes by these prior researchers informed the relationships hypothesized in the exercise domain. Taken together with the

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Mindful Engagement Mediates the Relationship Between Motivational Climate Perceptions and Coachability for Male High School Athletes

Susumu Iwasaki, Mary D. Fry, and Candace M. Hogue

both respect and desire feedback from their coaches (i.e., demonstrate coachability). One widely studied theory in sport with practical implications for coaches and athletes is Nicholls’ ( 1984 , 1989 ) achievement goal perspective theory (AGPT). Nicholls postulated ( 1984 , 1989 ) that the leader

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What Is Behind Disordered Eating Behaviors? An Exploratory Study With Female Adolescents From Individual Esthetic and Nonesthetic Sports

Carolina Paixão, Sara Oliveira, and Cláudia Ferreira

.0963-7214.2005.00326.x Fontana , M.S. ( 2015 ). Exploring athlete proneness to shame when partaking in sport and its relationship with Achievement Goal Perspective Theory: Creating and validating the Shame in Sport Questionnaire [Doctoral dissertation, University of Kansas ]. Fraser-Thomas , J

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Exploring the Relationship Between Athletes’ Perceptions of Their Team Motivational Climate and Their Sport Shame

Mario S. Fontana, Mary D. Fry, and E. Whitney G. Moore

and outcomes (i.e., winning) could play in potentially fostering shame. Motivational climate is an important facet of Nicholls’ ( 1989 ) Achievement Goal Perspective Theory. Nicholls stated that people in achievement settings could perceive the climate to be either task-involving (where the focus is

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Physical Education Participation and Student Anxiety, Depression, and/or Stress: A Scoping Review

Kacie V. Lanier, Chad M. Killian, Kathryn Wilson, and Rebecca Ellis

(75%) did not report a guiding theoretical framework and seven studies used a theory to guide the research. Of the seven theory-based studies, four used Achievement Goal Theory, Self-Determination Theory, or a combination of the two, two used Social Cognitive Theory, and one used Achievement Goal

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North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity