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Action, Movement, and Culture: Does Culture Shape Movement?

Blandine Bril

What any traveler can definitely notice is the incredible diversity of everyday skills due to the cultural diversity of tools, raw materials, physical environments, or local postural habits that set up the conditions for performing tasks. Do cultural environments influence motor skills? Are there “motor styles” common to members of a given cultural group? Focusing on instrumental everyday actions from a functional perspective, we propose four cases to illustrate in detail cultural variations in motor behavior. The first example explores the movement repertoire of expert potters from two cultural backgrounds when asked to produce pots of the same shape. A second example analyzes how a dance figure based on the same mechanical principles gives rise to different cultural aesthetics. The third example questions the adaptation of metabolic processes while performing the same load-carrying task in various physical environments. The last example brings up the issue of cultural choices of working and resting postures. Each case refers to a critical dimension of what generates the cultural diversity of motor skills: operational equivalence of movements, variation in the “weighing” of the parameters of the action, adaptation of metabolic processes, and adaptive benefit of specific posture. We conclude that if the countless diversity of cultural contexts and tasks give rise to an enormous diversity of movements and postures, this diversity is anchored in the many degrees of freedom of the organism. It is this profusion of degrees of freedom that sustains the endless variations of cultural motor skills giving ways to infinite manners of using one’s own body.

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Coaching Games: Comparisons and Contrasts

Amy Price, Dave Collins, John Stoszkowski, and Shane Pill

than skill (action is not attached to a tactical problem). Linear approach to learning, where complexity of the game is removed. Technical model to inform process of action, rather than discovery of process to achieve outcome. Constraints Led Approach (CLA) Shaping action in context (know-how) Games

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Interaction Between Coaches and Athletes in African Nations During the Lockdown Period of COVID-19

Austin W. Luguterah, Usman Abonyi, Rita Yeboah, and Alliance Kubayi

and conducting interviews to collect data . Nurse Researcher, 20 ( 5 ), 28 – 32 . Evans , B. ( 2017 ). Sports coaching as action-in-context: Using ethnomethodological conversation analysis to understand the coaching process . Qualitative Research

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An Investigation Into Coach Developers’ Theories in Practice, Learning, and Development on a Continuing Professional Development Course

Mark Partington, Jimmy O’Gorman, Kenny Greenough, and Ed Cope

are somewhat an image of self, moving to theories-in-use requires an alignment between an individual’s beliefs and what they want to show in practice. While espoused theories are explicit, idealised explanations of the world, theories-in-use are experientially developed and refer to actions in context

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Reflecting on the Development of a Conceptual Framework for Sport Coaching

John Lyle

pointed to complementary writing on modelling and the social nature of coaching, while identifying limited development of ideas in domain specificity and how to reconcile the inherent ‘messiness’ of intention and action in context. The theme of ‘systematic, planned process’ continued to be used

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Sociology of Sport: Growth, Diversification, and Marginalization, 1981–2021

Jay Coakley

field of study is created rather than predicted. It emerges as principles are put into action in contexts that are well understood. Given that sociology is dedicated to understanding social worlds, the sociology of sport stands a reasonable chance of survival, even if it does not thrive during certain

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Chapter 3: Genesis and Change in Physical Educators’ Use of Social Media for Professional Development and Learning

Stephen Harvey and Jeffrey P. Carpenter

), and/or external motivation (e.g., looking for praise or to earn money). SDT has been used to understand human motivations and actions in contexts where people are directed toward growth and are more intrinsically motivated, and it, therefore, appears to offer an explanatory potential for educators

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“Suspended Above, and in Action”: Think Aloud as a Reflective Practice Tool

James Stephenson, Colum Cronin, and Amy E. Whitehead

? Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 9 ( 4 ), 514 – 531 . doi:10.1080/2159676X.2017.1331501 10.1080/2159676X.2017.1331501 Ericsson , K.A. , & Simon , H.A. ( 1993 ). Protocol analysis . Cambridge, MA : MIT Press . Evans , B. ( 2017 ). Sports coaching as action-in-context: Using

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An Exploration of Coaching Practice: How Do High-Level Adventure Sports Coaches Develop Independence in Learners?

Chris Eastabrook, Robin D. Taylor, Pamela Richards, and Loel Collins

their DM in the future? [Video footage] Reflection in action in context Limitations Pros and cons Awareness of decisions Self-efficacy TTPP Environmental factors Social learning Questioning Feedback Adventure first/context Confidence  Did the learner’s confidence levels change throughout the session

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“No Idea is a Bad Idea”: Exploring the Nature of Design Thinking Alignment in an Australian Sport Organization

Greg Joachim, Nico Schulenkorf, Katie Schlenker, Stephen Frawley, and Adam Cohen

competitive advantage . Cambridge, MA : Harvard Business Press . McDonald , S. ( 2005 ). Studying actions in context: A qualitative shadowing method for organizational research . Qualitative Research, 5 ( 4 ), 455 – 473 . doi:10.1177/1468794105056923 10.1177/1468794105056923 McDonald , S