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Silvia A. González, Olga L. Sarmiento, Richard Larouche, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, and Mark S. Tremblay

enjoying the holistic health benefits of being active and could be predisposed to the adverse health effects of physical inactivity. In this context, active transportation to and from school is a regular and sustainable direct source of physical activity, 3 which makes it a promising strategy to increase

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Allison Ross, Ja Youn Kwon, Pamela Hodges Kulinna, and Mark Searle

Despite the known health benefits associated with active transportation to school (ATS), 1 – 5 rates have declined in the United States. In 1969, approximately 48% of all school children walked or biked to or from school. By 2014, overall rates dropped between 15.2% (to school) and 18.4% (from

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Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Christine Frisard, Milagros C. Rosal, and Stephenie C. Lemon

Active transportation provides the opportunity to achieve recommended amounts of physical activity (PA) and is linked to reductions in adverse cardiovascular outcomes. 1 , 2 However, a small proportion of US adults and children report walking or biking for transportation. 3 , 4 Evidence

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Eugene C. Fitzhugh, Jerry Everett, and Linda Daugherty

Compared with other regions in the country, the Southeast United States of America (US) is lacking in a pedestrian- and bicycle-friendly transportation infrastructure. 1 As a result of this low level of active transportation infrastructure, the built environment of the Southeast US tends to

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Elizabeth Lorenzo, Jacob Szeszulski, Michael Todd, Scherezade K. Mama, and Rebecca E. Lee

% among African American and Hispanic/Latina women aged 50 years or older. 5 Active transportation (AT) is walking or bicycling for all or part of a commute to any destination. 6 Systematic reviews conducted to evaluate AT use and health have found AT to be associated with a lower risk of diabetes and

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Richard Larouche, Joel D. Barnes, Sébastien Blanchette, Guy Faulkner, Negin A. Riazi, François Trudeau, and Mark S. Tremblay

multiple benefits for physical and mental health ( 10 , 33 ). Furthermore, consistent evidence shows that PA participation declines with age ( 11 , 22 , 39 ), and disparities in participation by gender and socioeconomic status have often been reported ( 8 , 44 ). Active transportation (AT) is an important

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Jia-Pei Hong, I-Min Lee, Sarinnapha M. Vasunilashorn, Heather J. Baer, Prangthip Charoenpong, and Chih-Hong Lee

surrogate of abdominal adiposity, which was associated with serum vitamin D levels. 35 In addition, we did not include employment status as a confounder in the analyses since patterns of active transportation were similar between the employed and unemployed US adults. 11 The association between

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Samantha M. Gray, Peggy Chen, Lena Fleig, Paul A. Gardiner, Megan M. McAllister, Joseph H. Puyat, Joanie Sims-Gould, Heather A. McKay, Meghan Winters, and Maureen C. Ashe

) in the United Kingdom: Those who used active transportation were more likely to meet physical activity guidelines. 9 Literature further highlights that older adults with access to a free transit pass are more likely to use public transit 10 and that training in utilitarian and leisure walking may

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Dawn C. Mackey, Alexander D. Perkins, Kaitlin Hong Tai, Joanie Sims-Gould, and Heather A. McKay

social resources. These attributes form the central tenets of scalability ( Milat, King, Bauman, & Redman, 2013 ). Active transportation involves substituting motorized modes of daily transportation (e.g., driving) with active modes of transportation (e.g., walking, cycling; van Heeswijck et al., 2015

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David R. Bassett Jr.

The built environment has profound effects on physical activity and health. Many communities in the US are built around the automobile, with little consideration given to pedestrians, cyclists, and transit users. These places tend to have higher rates of physical inactivity (defined as “no leisure time physical activity”) and higher rates of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. However, in some European countries and selected US cities, communities have been constructed in ways that encourage active modes of transportation. In these places, a large segment of the population meets physical activity guidelines, due in part to the activity they acquire in performing daily tasks. In addition to promoting active transportation, these environments promote recreational walking, jogging, and cycling. Kinesiologists can and should work with urban planners, transportation officials, developers, public health practitioners, and the general public to design cities in ways that enhance physical activity and health.