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Simplicity Does Not Always Lead to Enlightenment: A Critical Commentary on “Adaptation Processes Affecting Performance in Elite Sport”

Katherine A. Tamminen and Peter R.E. Crocker

This paper is a critical commentary on the article “Adaptation Processes Affecting Performance in Elite Sport” (Schinke, Battochio, Lidor, Tenenbaum, Dube, & Lane, 2012). We review relevant literature and highlight theoretical and conceptual concerns regarding Schinke et al.’s model, particularly regarding their characterization of adaptation as a process versus an outcome, and the role of appraisals, emotions, emotional regulation, coping, and Fiske’s (2004) core motives within their model of adaptation. Adaptation or adjustment among elite athletes is a valuable area of research in sport psychology; however, Schinke et al.’s model oversimplifies the adaptation process and has limited utility among sport psychology researchers and practitioners.

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Adaptation of Tendon Structure and Function in Tendinopathy With Exercise and Its Relationship to Clinical Outcome

Kenneth Färnqvist, Stephen Pearson, and Peter Malliaras

With Earlier Evidence In the Drew et al 9 systematic review, it was concluded that HSR exercise may be superior to other exercises in relation to tendon adaptation outcomes. This was based on a report of superior Doppler signal and tendon thickness outcomes with HSR compared with eccentric exercise in

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Athlete Resilience Trajectories Across Competitive Training: The Influence of Physical and Psychological Stress

Nikki E. Barczak-Scarboro, Emily Kroshus, Brett Pexa, Johna K. Register Mihalik, and J.D. DeFreese

competitive training (i.e., performance despite stressor) to achieve positive adaptational outcomes. However, some will not manage to adapt and experience stress ( Lazarus & Folkman, 1987 ). Understanding differences in athlete adaptability to physical and psychological stressors of competitive training has

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Stressors and Expected Performance of Soccer Athletes: The Role of Sport Confidence and Cognitive Appraisal

Catarina Morais, Clara Simães, A. Rui Gomes, and Beatriz M. Gonçalves

stressful achievement events . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 678 – 692 . https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.83.3.678 Tamminen , K.A. , Crocker , P.R.E. , & McEwen , C.E. ( 2016 ). Emotional experiences and coping in sport: How to promote positive adaptational outcomes in

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Coping Amongst Elite-Level Sports Coaches: A Systematic Review

Maja Gunhild Olsen, Jan Arvid Haugan, Maria Hrozanova, and Frode Moen

thrive, succeed, and avoid negative consequences despite meeting obstacles and stress. As Lazarus and Folkman ( 1984 ) stated, “while stress is an inevitable aspect of the human condition, it is coping that makes the big difference in adaptational outcome” (p. 6). Sadly, research on the coping of coaches

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“It’s This Thing of Being an Olympian That You Don’t Get From Anything Else”: Changing Experiences of Canadian Individual-Sport Athletes With Olympic Team Selection

Carolyn E. McEwen, Laura Hurd Clarke, Erica V. Bennett, Kimberley A. Dawson, and Peter R.E. Crocker

. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.04.009 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.04.009 Tamminen , K.A. , Crocker , P.R.E. , & McEwen , C.E. ( 2014 ). Emotional experiences and coping in sport: How to promote positive adaptational outcomes in sport . In A.R. Gomes , R. Resende , & A. Albuquerque (Eds

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Pleasant Emotions Widen Thought–Action Repertoires, Develop Long-Term Resources, and Improve Reaction Time Performance: A Multistudy Examination of the Broaden-and-Build Theory Among Athletes

Mark A. Thompson, Adam R. Nicholls, John Toner, John L. Perry, and Rachel Burke

.0409174102 10.1073/pnas.0409174102 Tamminen , K.A. , Crocker , P.R. , & McEwen , C.E. ( 2014 ). Emotional experiences and coping in sport: How to promote positive adaptational outcomes in sport . Positive Human Functioning from a Multidimensional Perspective, 1, 143 – 162 . Tamminen , K