. Previous research within mainstream sport highlights competition and negotiation of the aging process to be benefits of SP for some older adults ( Dionigi et al., 2011 ; Jenkin et al., 2018 ) and findings from the present study strengthens these findings, extending it to an adapted sport-specific context
Rachel Cholerton, Jeff Breckon, Joanne Butt and Helen Quirk
Deborah R. Shapiro and Brenda G. Pitts
As the field of sport business management develops, it is critical to assess its literature. A content analysis of 34 sport business management journals between 2002 to 2012 was conducted relative to sports, physical activity, recreation, and leisure for individuals with disabilities. Journals were selected based on their alignment with sport management curriculum standards. Results show that of the 5,443 articles reviewed in this study, merely 89, or .016%, pertained to disability sport, leisure, recreation, or physical activity. Information insufficiency was found across all sport management curriculum domains. Similarities and differences are discussed relative to other content analyses conducted in sport management and disability sport. Results provide direction for future scholarship and advancement of studies in disability sport in sport business management.
Michael S. Jeffress and William J. Brown
Power soccer (or powerchair football), the first competitive team sport for users of motorized wheelchairs, is receiving increased attention among people with disabilities, healthcare professionals, and academics. The present study provides a qualitative analysis of the experiences of 34 American power soccer athletes. Participant observation and in-depth interviews with 11 female and 23 male athletes were conducted between 2007 and 2013. Results indicate that involvement in power soccer provides participants with an increased sense of empowerment, acquisition of social capital, and psychosocial benefits, including a deep satisfaction of the desire to participate in competitive sports and an opportunity to be independent. Implications of these findings for improving the quality of life of people with physical disabilities and for future research are discussed.
Gabriella McLoughlin, Courtney Weisman Fecske, Yvette Castaneda, Candace Gwin and Kim Graber
that adapted physical activity through sport participation should promote self-determination and provide choice to augment self-regulation. To increase the number of individuals who participate in adapted sport, it is beneficial to understand the motivations and athletic development of those who do
Emily R. Hunt and Melissa C. Day
participants described the different emotional and bodily sensations during adapted sport. For example, “you sweat but it is not the same as running for me” (Douglas), and “I would compare myself to the people on the treadmill in the gym thinking that is what I have become, I’m becoming a casual runner, I run
David L. Porretta, John Nesbitt and Stan Labanowich
This article addresses the issue of terminology by discussing the terms adapted physical education, adapted physical recreation, adapted sport, and adapted physical activity. Reasons are presented which suggest that these terms, taken collectively, may best describe movement of a gross motor nature that pertains to individuals with disabilities. A terminology framework is then proposed that is based on both conceptual and practical programmatic considerations within the context of service delivery. This context utilizes all four of the above terms, which are presented within the notion of inclusion. The terms adapted physical education, adapted physical recreation, and adapted sport are conceptualized within the context of adapted physical activity. Within this service delivery context, adapted physical education refers to all curriculum-based instructional settings in educationally oriented environments, adapted physical recreation refers to activity in nonschool contexts, and adapted sport refers to high-level competition by elite performers under the governance of formal sport organizations.
Joseph P. Winnick
A continuum for sport participation is depicted and contrasted for guiding decisions on sport participation based upon integration, and for facilitating provision of innovative experiences along the continuum. The continuum ranges from regular sport with no modifications to segregated adapted sport.
This research, involving interviews with elite female wheelchair basketball players, explores how gender and disability intersect in the lives of these athletes. Interviews revealed the integral role athletic identity plays to offset the stigma of disability in their self-identities and in the complex relationships each has with social norms in regard to gender, disability, sport and the body. However, social institutions, including that of adapted sport, reinforce an ableist, sexist ideology that persistently marginalizes these athletes.
Laurence Chalip and B. Christine Green
Modified youth sport programs seek to adapt sport rules, equipment, and contingencies to the needs and abilities of child participants. Research shows that modified programs can broaden the base of youth sport participation, enhance children’s affective experience of sport, and elevate the level of skill they attain. Hotelling’s location game is applied to the analysis of a modified youth soccer program. It is shown that the program struggled to retain the modifications it had implemented and was gradually compelled to adopt elements of the traditional youth sport programs it had initially rejected. This finding is consistent with predictions derived from Hotelling. It is argued that modified programs will have difficulty maintaining their distinctiveness from traditional youth sport if they are implemented within established sport club structures. A framework for facilitating the establishment and maintenance of modified youth sport programs is suggested.
By Allen Shaina . Published 2017 by One Day One Cause and DNA Films , Charlottesville, VA . The Rebound: A Wheelchair Basketball Story (The Rebound) , a documentary film, came to fruition through a shared desire to change attitudes and perspectives about inclusion and adapted sport. The Rebound