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Pedro Teques, Luís Calmeiro, Henrique Martins, Daniel Duarte and Nicholas L. Holt

to more adaptive coping, which in turn leads to better behavioral outcomes. In the earliest conceptualizations of EI, Salovey, Bedell, Detweiler, and Mayer ( 1999 ) suggested promising links between EI and coping with stressful events, and proposed the Emotional Coping Hierarchy model. This model has

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Christin Lang, Anna Karina Feldmeth, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Uwe Pühse and Markus Gerber

In most physical education (PE) syllabuses, promoting life skills constitutes an important educational objective. The aim of this study was to implement a coping training program (EPHECT) within regular PE and to evaluate its effects on coping and stress among vocational students. Eight classes from a vocational school were selected for study; four were allocated to the intervention group (IG) and four to the control group (CG). The study examined intervention effects between pre- and postintervention, and postintervention and 6-months follow-up. Compared with the CG, the IG showed improved coping skills from pre- to postintervention. From postintervention to follow-up, stress decreased for the IG. A path analysis suggests an indirect effect on stress perception at follow-up via improved adaptive coping skills. The findings support EPHECT as a positive contribution to the development of adaptive coping skills. The project further shows how physical educators can translate psychological theory into practice.

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Zenzi Huysmans and Damien Clement

: self-kindness in times of perceived inadequacy, common humanity, and balanced awareness of emotions (i.e., mindfulness; Neff, 2003 ). Research indicates that it is positively associated with adaptive coping, positive psychological functioning, well-being, and life satisfaction ( Allen & Leary, 2010

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Leilani Madrigal, Katherine Wurst and Diane L. Gill

In this study, we explored mental toughness, injury response, and coping among female athletes in roller derby (n = 68) and collegiate rugby (n = 122). Participants completed a survey with measures of mental toughness, hardiness, optimism, coping with injury and psychological response to injury, as well as questions regarding injury status. Injured roller derby players had a more negative response to injury than injured rugby players, but did not differ on mental toughness. Mental toughness was related to approach styles of coping and negatively related to adverse psychological responses to injury. Rugby players who would play through injury reported higher mental toughness than those who would not play through injury; however, the reverse was found for roller derby players. Mental toughness is related to adaptive coping and positive injury response, but also to engaging in activity when injured, with potential detrimental effects.

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Judy D. Goss

The personality construct of hardiness has been introduced as a moderator in the stress-illness relationship. Hardy individuals are thought to alter their appraisal of stress into a less stressful form. Mood disturbances have been found to be a product of intensive physical training. This investigation examines the relationships between hardiness and mood disturbances in swimmers who are overtraining and between hardiness, mood disturbances, and coping behaviors. Swimmers (N=253) from eight universities and seven competitive club programs completed the Cognitive Hardiness Inventory, the Profile of Mood States, the Everly Coping Scale, and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale at the beginning of their competitive season, and at two 7-week intervals. Hardy swimmers experienced fewer mood disturbances during the season than nonhardy swimmers. Specifically, hardy swimmers had lower feelings of tension, depression, anger, fatigue, confusion, and higher feelings of vigor. Hardy swimmers also possessed more adaptive coping behaviors.

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Nathan A. Reis, Kent C. Kowalski, Amber D. Mosewich and Leah J. Ferguson

openness and acceptance ( Neff, 2003a , 2003b ). In the wake of a sole focus on women athletes, there is a recent trend in sport self-compassion research to include both women athletes and men athletes, with encouraging findings (e.g., self-compassion is positively related to adaptive coping, social

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

regulation skills, behavioral modification, cognitive restructuring, healthy self-evaluation, and adaptive coping skills. Interventions are most effective when they empower change and best fit the athlete’s self-identified needs and values ( Touyz & Hay, 2015 ) in the context of a well-coordinated, engaged

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Buffie Longmire-Avital, Takudzwa Madzima and Elyse Bierut

concurrently reported. Contrary to an implicit expectation that participants who experience more race-related stress would report less frequent engagement in HCB, participants with higher race-related stress reported more HCB exercise. This could suggest adaptive coping behaviors or a pressure to adhere to a

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

avoidant exercise habits were addressed during the treatment process and patients were given opportunities and skills to practice alternative, adaptive coping behaviors when experiencing a compulsive urge to exercise or when desiring to avoid physical activity altogether. The program also included

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Fraser Carson, Julia Walsh, Luana C. Main and Peter Kremer

high performance coaches as a means of detachment from workload stressors ( Olusoga et al., 2010 ). However, Bentzen et al. ( 2017 ) recognised that this was not an appropriate long term strategy and encouraged coaches to incorporate more mindfulness training as a more adaptive coping strategy. Control