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David Welch Suggs Jr. and Jason Lee Guthrie

Part of the goal of the International Paralympic Committee is to “touch the heart of all people for a more equitable society” by exposing people to adaptive sports, with the goal of improving public views toward people with disabilities. The authors hypothesized that exposure to parasocial contact with images of athletes with disabilities could lead to a change in attitude during the formation of social identity, disrupting the tendency to view the population of individuals with physical disabilities as “other. ” This case study found that viewing a documentary of a Paralympic sprinter produced in the same style as an Olympic feature appeared to affect the emotional components of attitude formation, especially when compared with respondents who viewed a comparable documentary about an able-bodied athlete. These findings are of interest to proponents of adaptive sports, producers of adaptive-sports media, and marketers who use athletes with disabilities in advertising campaigns.

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Meredith Wekesser, Guilherme H. Costa, Piotr J. Pasik, and Karl Erickson

opportunities that exist, research examining adapted sports participation has shown many benefits such as positive social relationships ( Lape et al., 2018 ), increased self-concept and physical activity ( Martin & Whalen, 2012 ), and improved quality of life ( Groff et al., 2009 ). However, while there is

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Rachel Cholerton, Jeff Breckon, Joanne Butt, and Helen Quirk

adaptedsports, defined as activities that are directed at those “who require adaptation for participation in the context of PA” ( Carlier, Mainguet, & Delevoye-Turrell, 2016 , p. 351). Other mainstream sports such as golf, where play is adapted based on a player’s ability, has been found to attract long

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Rachel Cholerton, Helen Quirk, Jeff Breckon, and Joanne Butt

levels of inclusive sport and appropriate playing opportunities for older adults is needed ( Jenkin et al., 2018 ). Adapted sports are defined as activities that are directed at those “who require adaptation for participation in the context of physical activity” ( Carlier, Mainguet, & Delevoye

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Ghada Regaieg, Sonia Sahli, and Gilles Kermarrec

situations with those of the conventional one (adapted sports) on FMS in children with ID. We hypothesized that an APE hybrid program based on virtual and real games situations would induce a significant FMS improvement in children with mild ID. Also, children participating in an APE hybrid program based on

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Frederico Ribeiro Neto, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Jefferson Rodrigues Dorneles, and Rodrigo Rodrigues Gomes Costa

Paracanoeing is one of the adapted sports eligible for different motor impairments. In these velocity sports, performance is multifactorial and dependent on interrelated variables, such as the rate of strength development, muscle power, maximum muscle strength, and anaerobic power. 1 Despite the

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Loriane Favoretto, Zach Hutchison, Claire M. Mowling, and Melissa M. Pangelinan

disparities in both mental ( Einfeld, Ellis, & Emerson, 2011 ; Emerson & Hatton, 2007 ; Platt, Keyes, McLaughlin, & Kaufman, 2019 ) and physical health ( Havercamp & Scott, 2015 ; Rimmer, Yamaki, Lowry, Wang, & Vogel, 2010 ). Participation in adapted sports and physical activities offered as part of school

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Gabriella McLoughlin, Courtney Weisman Fecske, Yvette Castaneda, Candace Gwin, and Kim Graber

participation in adapted sports ( Page, O’Connor, & Peterson, 2001 ). Athletes attribute motivation to the presence of other people (taking part in something that gives a person close contact with others) and to having opportunities for socialization with other AWPD. Those participating in team sports believed

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Alexandra M. Rodriguez, Alison Ede, Leilani Madrigal, Tiffanye Vargas, and Christy Greenleaf

rugby) at various competition levels (e.g., recreational to international). Procedure and Measures After obtaining approval from the university’s institutional review board, we contacted local and national adaptive sports organizations and teams. Permission from leaders of nine organizations and teams

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Luis Columna, Denzil A. Streete, Samuel R. Hodge, Suzanna Rocco Dillon, Beth Myers, Michael L. Norris, Tiago V. Barreira, and Kevin S. Heffernan

useful prizes collected during the scavenger hunt (e.g., balls with bells, cones). In another example, during the sports workshop, two adapted sports, goalball and beep baseball, were taught to the parents. While parents were participating in the sport training, their children participated in one