We characterize bimanual coordination development for the first time in a large sample of children (n = 303) in relation to age, sex, and athletic experience. A further aim is to document the effect of these factors on development to indirectly gain insight into the neural processes that underlie this advanced level of eye–hand coordination. This was a cross-sectional design involving three age groups (range: 9–15 years) that were further separated by sex and level of athletic experience. Participants completed two bimanual tasks and a unimanual control task. While there was no significant change in unimanual movement speed, we observed that females performed the bimanual tasks faster, compared with males. Further, we found that select-level athletes had superior bimanual abilities. Lastly, we found an interaction of sex and skill across age. All groups achieved significant improvement in bimanual coordination with the exception of nonselect males. These data provide a description of normal bimanual coordination development in children during the developmentally crucial ages of 9–15 years, taking account of sex- and experience-related differences.
David Albines, Joshua A. Granek, Diana J. Gorbet, and Lauren E. Sergio
Debbe Thompson, Riddhi Bhatt, and Kathy Watson
Youth encounter physical activity barriers, often called problems. The purpose of problem solving is to generate solutions to overcome the barriers. Enhancing problem-solving ability may enable youth to be more physically active. Therefore, a method for reliably assessing physical activity problem-solving ability is needed. The purpose of this research was to report the development and initial validation of the physical activity problem-solving inventory for adolescents (PAPSIA). Qualitative and quantitative procedures were used. The social problem-solving inventory for adolescents guided the development of the PAPSIA scale. Youth (14- to 17-year-olds) were recruited using standard procedures, such as distributing flyers in the community and to organizations likely to be attended by adolescents. Cognitive interviews were conducted in person. Adolescents completed pen and paper versions of the questionnaire and/or scales assessing social desirability, self-reported physical activity, and physical activity self-efficacy. An expert panel review, cognitive interviews, and a pilot study (n = 129) established content validity. Construct, concurrent, and predictive validity were also established (n = 520 youth). PAPSIA is a promising measure for assessing youth physical activity problem-solving ability. Future research will assess its validity with objectively measured physical activity.
Darren J. Burgess and Geraldine A. Naughton
Traditional talent development pathways for adolescents in team sports follow talent identification procedures based on subjective games ratings and isolated athletic assessment. Most talent development models are exclusive rather than inclusive in nature. Subsequently, talent identification may result in discontentment, premature stratification, or dropout from team sports. Understanding the multidimensional differences among the requirements of adolescent and elite adult athletes could provide more realistic goals for potential talented players. Coach education should include adolescent development, and rewards for team success at the adolescent level should reflect the needs of long-term player development. Effective talent development needs to incorporate physical and psychological maturity, the relative age effect, objective measures of game sense, and athletic prowess. The influences of media and culture on the individual, and the competing time demands between various competitions for player training time should be monitored and mediated where appropriate. Despite the complexity, talent development is a worthy investment in professional team sport.
-Solving Inventory for Adolescents: Development and Initial Validation Debbe Thompson * Riddhi Bhatt * Kathy Watson * 8 2013 25 3 448 467 10.1123/pes.25.3.448 Children’s Objective Physical Activity by Location: Why the Neighborhood Matters Stephanie Kneeshaw-Price * Brian Saelens * James Sallis * Karen
Nisha Botchwey, Myron F. Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L. Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L. Schmid, Terry L. Conway, J. Aaron Hipp, Anna J. Kim, M. Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L. Walker, Tina J. Kauh, and Jim F. Sallis
Heart Association funds only). The topic areas are: • pregnancy and maternal health; • infant, child, and adolescent development; • behavioral economics; • role of health care providers and the health care system; • role of business and industry; • out-of-school time; • transportation, land use, urban
Lauren A. Burt, David A. Greene, and Geraldine A. Naughton
Outline of the Search Terms Used Term Title and abstract Main heading Growth Growth Size Puberty* Prepube* Develop* Maturation Growth Growth and development puberty Sexual maturation Adolescent development Maturation Maturation Maturation Bone Bone* Bone strength* Structure Health Density Parameter
Lauren B. Raine, John R. Biggan, Carol L. Baym, Brian J. Saliba, Neal J. Cohen, and Charles H. Hillman
aerobic fitness over adolescent development are related to academic achievement. Previous studies have also suggested that duration of follow up is important. For example, in a sample of 13-year-old Spanish students, improvements in aerobic fitness over 4 months were correlated with improvements in
Aaron England, Timothy Brusseau, Ryan Burns, Dirk Koester, Maria Newton, Matthew Thiese, and Benjamin Chase
.humov.2009.10.001 Choudhury , S. , Charman , T. , Bird , V. , & Blakemore , S.J. ( 2007 ). Adolescent development of motor imagery in a visually guided pointing task . Consciousness and Cognition, 16 , 886 – 896 . PubMed ID: 17196830 doi:10.1016/j.concog.2006.11.001 10.1016/j.concog.2006
Byron L. Zamboanga, Nathan T. Kearns, Janine V. Olthuis, Heidemarie Blumenthal, and Renee M. Cloutier
). Motivations for alcohol use among adolescents: Development and validation of a four-factor model . Psychological Assessment, 6 ( 2 ), 117 – 128 . doi:10.1037/1040-3522.214.171.124 10.1037/1040-35126.96.36.199 Cooper , L.M. , Kuntsche , E. , Levitt , A. , Barber , L.L. , & Wolf , S. ( 2016
Britton W. Brewer, Christine M. Caldwell, Albert J. Petitpas, Judy L. Van Raalte, Miquel Pans, and Allen E. Cornelius
of seeking and processing information in relation to oneself or one’s environment outside of the realm of sport”) constructs were forwarded to a panel of four experts on late adolescent development through sport to review. The members of the panel were faculty members in departments of psychology ( n