( Theodorakis et al., 2008 ). However, research that explores the effects of self-talk on effort, confidence, focus, and performance in adventure-sport contexts with high risk, such as self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) diving, is lacking. High-risk contexts such as those experienced in the
Judy L. Van Raalte, Lorraine Wilson, Allen Cornelius, and Britton W. Brewer
Kerry R. McGannon, Lara Pomerleau-Fontaine, and Jenny McMahon
Although extreme-sport athletes’ experiences have been explored in sport psychology, more research is needed to understand the nuanced identity meanings for these athletes in the context of health and well-being. A case-study approach grounded in narrative inquiry was used to explore identity meanings of 1 elite extreme-sport athlete (i.e., skyrunner Kilian Jornet) in relation to well-being. Data gleaned from 4 documentary films and 10 autobiographical book chapters describing the Summits of My Life project were subjected to a thematic narrative analysis. Two intersecting narratives—discovery and relational—threaded the summits project and were used by Jornet to construct an “ecocentric” identity intertwined with nature in fluid ways, depending on 3 relationships related to well-being: the death of climbing partner Stéphane Brosse, team members’ shared values, and her relationship with partner Emelie Forsberg. An expansion of identity, health, and well-being research on extreme-sport athletes beyond simplistic portrayals of them as pathological risk takers and/or motivated by personality traits was gained from these findings.
Doug Cooper and Justine Allen
, mountaineering, mountain biking, climbing). Although not all adventure sport participants receive coaching, coaches play a critical role in assisting participants to learn to undertake the activities ( Collins & Collins, 2012 ), and therefore, they support entry to and maintenance of participation in adventure
Ross Lorimer and David Holland-Smith
The purpose of this study was to examine the influences that led an individual to becoming and remaining an outdoor adventure sport coach. A case study of a single high level climbing/kayaking coach is presented using inductive thematic analysis to explore his perception of the factors that have influenced him before and during his career. This approach provides a unique insight into the social influences on coaches and how they inform coaches’ personal values. The study revealed a pattern of formative experiences acting on the participant throughout his life and career. Early experiences, exposure to the sport, and contact with significant others have influenced his decision to participate in outdoor adventure sports and allow him to derive satisfaction from passing his knowledge onto others. The value of this single coach’s personal experiences of sport is discussed in relation to the insight they provide into why coaches enter and stay in coaching careers.
. doi:10.4324/9781315610429 Thorpe , H. ( 2014 ). Moving bodies beyond the social/biological divide: Toward theoretical and transdisciplinary adventures . Sport, Education and Society, 19 ( 5 ), 666 – 686 . doi:10.1080/13573322.2012.691092 10.1080/13573322.2012.691092
William Roth Smith
. Differing Impacts on Lifestyle Sport The terms action, alternative, extreme, and adventure sport are used interchangeably to refer to individualized sports typically practiced outside of an organized team format. Although scholars have pointed out differences in the sports associated with the various
Nick Draper, David Giles, Nicola Taylor, Laurent Vigouroux, Vanesa España-Romero, Jiří Baláš, Ignacio Solar Altamirano, Franziska Mally, Ina Beeretz, Jorge Couceiro Canalejo, Gabriel Josseron, Jan Kodejška, María José Arias Téllez, and German Gallo Cabeza de Vaca
. 2011 ; 51 ( 3 ): 417 – 425 . PubMed ID: 21904280 21904280 6. Draper N , Hodgson C . Adventure Sport Physiology . Chichester, UK : John Wiley & Sons ; 2008 . 7. MacLeod D , Sutherland D , Buntin L , et al . Physiological determinants of climbing-specific finger endurance and sport
theoretical and transdisciplinary adventures . Sport, Education and Society, 19 ( 5 ), 666 – 686 . 10.1080/13573322.2012.691092 van der Tuin , I. , & Dolphijn , R. ( 2012 ). New Materialism: Interviews and cartographies . Ann Arbor, MI : Open Humanities Press . Vertinsky , P. ( 2015 ). Shadow