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Katya Vargas-Ortiz, Victoriano Perez-Vazquez, Francisco J. Diaz-Cisneros, Arturo Figueroa, Lizbeth M. Jiménez-Flores, Gustavo Rodriguez-DelaRosa, and Maciste H. Macias

Sirtuin 3 enzyme (SIRT3) is involved in the regulation of mitochondrial energy homeostasis by activating Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator (PGC-1α). Murine models have shown that the protein SIRT3 was modified by exercise and diet, however, the effect of exercise without diet in humans has not been examined. Propose of this paper was to analyze the effect of aerobic training on SIRT3 and PGC-1α in skeletal muscle of overweight adolescents without change in caloric intake. Fourteen overweight or obese male adolescents (15.5 ± 0.8 years) trained 3 days-week/50 min x session, at 70-80% of maximal heart rate for 12 weeks. Anthropometrics and skeletal muscle biopsies from the vastus lateralis were taken before and after the exercise program to measure adiposity, SIRT3, and PGC-1α proteins. Peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak) was estimated before and after training. The participants did not change their eating habits during the intervention. SIRT3 (1.05 ± 0.11 vs. 1.25 ± 0.14 AU, p = .014) and PGC-1a (1.06 ± 0.15 Vs 1.39 ± 0.20 AU, p = .009) increased. Fat percentage and waist circumference decreased (p < .05). VO2peak increased after training (p < .001). There was a significant association between SIRT3 and PGC-1α after training program. These data suggest that aerobic training increased SIRT3 and PGC-1a expression levels in sedentary, overweight, or obese adolescents.

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Eric T. Hyde, John D. Omura, Tiffany J. Chen, David R. Brown, Janet E. Fulton, and Susan A. Carlson

and Human Services, 2018 ). The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, second edition ( Guidelines) recommends that all adults (including older adults) achieve at least 150 min/week of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity, at least 75 min/week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical

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Tania Pereira, John Durocher, and Jamie Burr

exercise intensity over the duration of the activity and could include more vigorous bouts of activity within a ride. For example, oxygen consumption while horseback riding was measured to range from 40% to 80% of a rider’s maximal aerobic capacity over the course of a single ride in female recreational

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Timothy Martinson, Stephen A. Butterfield, Craig A. Mason, Shihfen Tu, Robert A. Lehnhard, and Christopher J. Nightingale

Aerobic capacity is widely accepted as the single best indicator of physical fitness and overall cardiovascular health in adolescents ( 2 ). Poor cardiovascular health and obesity in children are associated with hyperlipidemia, type II diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, sleep

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Jongbum Ko, Dalton Deprez, Keely Shaw, Jane Alcorn, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Corey Tomczak, Heather Foulds, and Philip D. Chilibeck

evidence that increasing physical activity can reduce blood pressure in people with either normal (<140/90 mm Hg) or high blood pressure. 5 The American College of Sports Medicine position statement recommends that one should perform 30 minutes of continuous or accumulated mainly aerobic physical activity

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Hannah F. Sangan, James G. Hopker, Glen Davison, and Shaun J. McLaren

The frequent and reliable monitoring of an individual’s responses to endurance training is an important component in the management of appropriate training stress and recovery. 1 Endurance performance is determined by the level of aerobic metabolism that can be maintained during a race (performance

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Alexei Wong, Marcos A. Sanchez-Gonzalez, Won-Mok Son, Yi-Sub Kwak, and Song-Young Park

has been suggested as a nonpharmacological treatment to decrease excess adipose tissue while improving cardiovascular function in both young and old individuals ( 15 , 45 ). Although the effectiveness of aerobic exercise for decreasing fat mass and IR in obese pediatric and adults populations is well

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Sebastian Kaufmann, Olaf Hoos, Timo Kuehl, Thomas Tietz, Dominik Reim, Kai Fehske, Richard Latzel, and Ralph Beneke

-Yo Intermittent Recovery Tests 1 and 2 (YYIR1 and YYIR2) are well established tests, applied in a variety of team sports, 9 and both have been shown to detect changes in intermittent running performance over certain training periods. 11 YYIR1 and YYIR2 are highly demanding for the aerobic energy system and

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Shirit Kamil-Rosenberg, Mary L. Greaney, Tsivia Hochman, and Carol Ewing Garber

limitations nor using special equipment. Physical Activity Respondents’ PA levels were determined using six items on the BRFSS that assessed time spent participating in moderate- or vigorous-intensity aerobic PAs and the frequency of engaging in muscle-strengthening exercises. Using the classification scheme

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Fernando Naclerio, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Mar Larrosa, Aitor Centeno, Jonathan Esteve-Lanao, and Diego Moreno-Pérez

peak oxygen consumption ( V ˙ O 2 peak ) and maximal aerobic speed (MAS). Based on the available literature, we hypothesized that compared with an isoenergetic-only carbohydrate supplement, the postworkout ingestion of a carbohydrate–protein admixture would protect muscle mass and promote fat reduction