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Caroline Pereira Santos, Mahara Proença, Tamara dos Santos Gouveia, Crystian Bitencourt Soares de Oliveira, Guilherme Yassuki Tacao, Iara Buriola Trevisan, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, and Dionei Ramos

exercise has been considered as a potential aid for smokers. The reason is that the practice of aerobic exercise promotes a pleasant sensation similar to the sensation of smoking a cigarette. There is a great diversity of aerobic exercises, including walking, running, and functional exercise. The

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Florentino Huertas, Javier Zahonero, Daniel Sanabria, and Juan Lupiáñez

The present study explored the effects of three different activity conditions on three attentional functions: alerting, orienting, and executive control. A group of highly experienced cyclists performed the Attention Network Test–Interactions (Callejas, Lupiáñez, & Tudela, 2004) at rest, during moderate aerobic exercise, and during intense aerobic exercise. Results indicated that aerobic exercise accelerated reaction time and reduced the alerting effect compared with the rest condition. However, aerobic exercise did not modulate the functioning of either the orienting or the executive control attentional networks. No differences in reaction time or attentional functioning were observed between the two aerobic exercise workloads. The present results suggest that moderate aerobic exercise modulates the functioning of phasic alertness by increasing the general state of tonic vigilance.

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Richard A. Boileau, Edward McAuley, Demetra Demetriou, Naveen K. Devabhaktuni, Gregory L. Dykstra, Jeffery Katula, Jane Nelson, Angelo Pascale, Melissa Pena, and Heidi-Mai Talbot

A trial was conducted to examine the effect of moderate aerobic exercise training (AET) on cardiorespiratory (CR) fitness. Previously sedentary participants, age 60-75 years, were randomly assigned to either AET treatment or a control group for 6 months. The AET consisted of walking for 40 min three times/week at an intensity that elevated heart rate to 65% of maximum heart rate reserve. The control group performed a supervised stretching program for 40 min three times/week. CR fitness was assessed before and after the treatments during a grade-incremented treadmill walking test. Both absolute and relative peak V̇O2 significantly increased (p < .01) in the AET group, whereas they decreased modestly in the control group. Maximum treadmill time increased significantly (p < .01) in the AET group relative to the control group. These results indicate that CR fitness as measured by peak V̇O2 modestly improves in the elderly with a moderate-intensity, relatively long-term aerobic exercise program.

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Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo, and Hiroaki Masaki

studies have explored the effects of a single bout of acute exercise on memory functions. These studies have consistently indicated that retrieval performance improved when learning or when the encoding phase was performed after acute aerobic exercise ( Etnier, Labban, Piepmeier, Davis, & Henning, 2014

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Katrina G. Ritter, Matthew J. Hussey, and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

the types of symptoms and deficits that persist after concussion. Aerobic exercise protocols have been identified as a potentially beneficial treatment for individuals with persistent symptoms who are exacerbated by exertion. Prior research has used aerobic protocols to establish subsymptom baseline

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Megan S. Farris, Kerry S. Courneya, Rachel O’Reilly, and Christine M. Friedenreich

/wk) was better than moderate volume (150 min/wk) of aerobic exercise in benefitting these psychosocial outcomes in the Breast Cancer and Exercise Trial in Alberta (BETA). This 2-centered trial found no difference between trial arms in the participants’ self-reported QoL, psychosocial outcomes, or sleep

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Mary O. Whipple, Erica N. Schorr, Kristine M.C. Talley, Ruth Lindquist, Ulf G. Bronas, and Diane Treat-Jacobson

exercise on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, cancer, and a range of other health conditions ( Nelson et al., 2007 ). However, despite evidence supporting the benefits of aerobic exercise, a vast majority of published studies have focused on main effects and group differences, while giving little, if

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Chung-Ju Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu, Ming-Chun Hsueh, Yi-Hsiang Chiu, Mei-Yao Huang, and Chien-Chih Chou

purpose of this study was to further our understanding of the extent to which moderate-intensity exercise impacts the sustained attention and discriminatory ability of children with LD relative to their TD peers. We hypothesized that children participating in acute aerobic exercise would demonstrate

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James R. Vallerand, Ryan E. Rhodes, Gordan J. Walker, and Kerry S. Courneya

By doing regular weekly aerobic exercise at a moderate to vigorous intensity, hematologic cancer survivors (HCS) improve their health, quality of life, and may even extend survival. 1 – 3 Despite the majority of survivors having good intentions to do regular aerobic exercise, few meet the

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Ryan D. Henke, Savana M. Kettner, Stephanie M. Jensen, Augustus C.K. Greife, and Christopher J. Durall

exacerbation low-intensity aerobic exercise (LIAEX) may expedite concussion recovery via increased levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor. 2 – 5 Subsymptom exacerbation LIAEX, starting a minimum of 4 weeks after an SRC, has been reported to be more beneficial than rest, 6 but the effects of LIAEX