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Zachary Zenko, Panteleimon Ekkekakis and Dan Ariely

There is a paucity of methods for improving the affective experience of exercise. We tested a novel method based on discoveries about the relation between exercise intensity and pleasure, and lessons from behavioral economics. We examined the effect of reversing the slope of pleasure during exercise from negative to positive on pleasure and enjoyment, remembered pleasure, and forecasted pleasure. Forty-six adults were randomly assigned to a 15-min bout of recumbent cycling of either increasing intensity (0–120% of watts corresponding to the ventilatory threshold) or decreasing intensity (120–0%). Ramping intensity down, thereby eliciting apositive slope of pleasure during exercise, improved postexercise pleasure and enjoyment, remembered pleasure, and forecasted pleasure. The slope of pleasure accounted for 35–46% of the variance in remembered and forecasted pleasure from 15 min to 7 days postexercise. Ramping intensity down makes it possible to combine exposure to vigorous and moderate intensities with a pleasant affective experience.

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Anna Sverdlik, Robert J. Vallerand, Ariane St-Louis, Michael Sam Tion and Geneviève Porlier

, & Lavigne, 2009 , Study 2). Finally, some scientists have begun to explore the role of passion in the use of future temporal processes, such as affective forecasting. Wilson and Gilbert ( 2003 ) defined affective forecasting as the ability to predict how one will feel in a future situation. Their research

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Jenna D. Gilchrist, David E. Conroy and Catherine M. Sabiston

. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35 , 172 – 186 . doi:10.1177/0146167208326124 Morewedge , C.K. , & Buechel , E.C. ( 2013 ). Motivated underpinnings of the impact bias in affective forecasts . Emotion, 13 , 1023 – 1029 . http

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Tanya R. Berry, Wendy M. Rodgers, Alison Divine and Craig Hall

neutral on a questionnaire) and high implicit evaluations reported lower health motives ( Berry et al., 2016 ). Thus, the findings of the current study that higher health EIEDs were related to earlier dropout may be due to errors in affective forecasting at baseline and how participants felt while

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Maria Grazia Monaci and Francesca Veronesi

. Laungani , & A.M. O’Roark (Eds.), Stress and emotion: Anxiety, anger, and curiosity (pp.  53 – 74 ). Philadelphia, PA : Taylor & Francis . Van Dijk , W.W. ( 2009 ). How do you feel? Affective forecasting and the impact bias in track athletics . The Journal of Social Psychology, 149 ( 3

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Pedro Teques, Luís Calmeiro, Henrique Martins, Daniel Duarte and Nicholas L. Holt

. doi:10.1037/spy0000025 10.1037/spy0000025 Dunn , E.W. , Brackett , M.A. , Ashton-James , C. , Schneiderman , E. , & Salovey , P. ( 2007 ). On emotionally intelligent time travel: Individual differences in affective forecasting ability . Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33

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Yonghwan Chang, Yong Jae Ko and Brad D. Carlson

.1177/1754073916669595 10.1177/1754073916669595 Patrick , V.M. , Chun , H.H. , & Macinnis , D.J. ( 2009 ). Affective forecasting and self-control: Why anticipating pride wins over anticipating shame in a self-regulation context . Journal of Consumer Psychology, 19 , 537 – 545 . doi:10.1016/j.jcps.2009.05.006 10